3rd Edition

Occupational Health and Safety Management A Practical Approach, Third Edition

By Charles D. Reese Copyright 2016
    608 Pages 103 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    608 Pages 103 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Reflecting changes in the current health and safety landscape, Occupational Health and Safety Management: A Practical Approach, Third Edition includes examples and tools to facilitate development and implementation of a safety and health management approach. This how-to book is not just an information providing text. It shows you how to write a program and identify hazards as well as involve workers and attain their cooperation. It emphasizes the need for better and more effective communication regarding safety and health.

    See What’s New in the Third Edition:

    • Chapters on workers’ compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety/sustainability
    • Additional coverage of flammable liquids and ventilation, accident reporting, and accident investigation
    • New compliance requirements as well as expanded accident investigation, environmental, and risk analysis guidelines
    • PowerPoint presentation slides for each chapter

    A complete and practical guide for the development and management of occupational safety and health programs in any industry setting, the book supplies a management blueprint that can be used for occupational safety and health in any organization, from the smallest to the largest, beginning to develop or wanting to improve its safety and health approach. It includes comprehensive guidelines for development of occupational health and safety programs to a variety of industries and is especially useful for start-up companies.

    The author takes a total management approach to the development of written programs, the identification of hazards, the mitigation of hazards by the use of common safety and health tools, the development of a safe workforce through communications, motivational techniques, involvement, and training. He addresses the tracking and acceptable risk from both safety and health hazards. He also discusses how to work with and within the OSHA compliance approach as well as how to deal with the OSHA regulations, workers’ compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety. As you understand and apply the guidelines in each chapter, you can put your company on the way toward building a successful and effective safety and health effort for its employers and employees.

    In the Beginning: Introduction
    True Bottom Line
    Making a Commitment: Management’s Commitment and Involvement
    Management’s Commitment and Involvement
    Roles and Responsibilities
    Management Accountability
    Supervisory Accountability
    Being a Part: Workforce Involvement
    Joint Labor/Management Safety and Health Committees
    Policy Establishing Joint Committees
    Put It in Writing: A Written Safety and Health Program
    Reasons for a Comprehensive Safety Program
    Building a Safety and Health Program
    Other Required Written Programs
    Requirements and Elements of OSHA Guidelines for a Safety and Health Program
    National Safety Council’s Elements of a Safety and Health Program
    Emergency and Medical Planning
    First Aid and Medical Availability
    Emergency Procedures and Response
    Getting Safe Performance: Motivating Safety and Health
    Setting the Stage
    Defining Motivation
    Principles of Motivation
    Motivational Environment
    Needs Move Mountains and People
    Motivational Leadership
    Effects of Other Factors
    How They Act: Behavior-Based Safety
    Behavior-Based Safety
    Heinrich’s Domino Concept
    Behavior-Based Safety Today
    Hindrances to Implementing BBS
    New Approaches: Lean Safety and Sustainability
    Benefits of Lean Approach
    Challenges of Lean Safety
    Changing Culture
    Learning and Training
    Lean Techniques and Tools
    Standard Safety Tools
    Search for the Culprits: Hazard Identification
    Hazard Identification
    Accident Types
    Hazard Reporting System
    Workplace Inspections or Audits
    Accident Investigations
    Taking a Serious Look: Analyzing Hazards
    Hazard Analysis
    Root Cause Analysis
    Change Analysis
    Job Hazard Analysis
    Analyzing Accident Data
    Risk versus Cost
    Hurting: Occupational Injuries
    Bureau of Labor Statistics
    Occupational Trauma Deaths
    Occupational Injuries
    Injury and Death Cost
    Sick: Occupational Illnesses
    Identifying Health Hazards
    Temperature Extremes
    Ionizing Radiation
    Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
    Nonionizing Radiation
    Health Hazards
    Hazardous Chemicals
    Biological Monitoring
    Flammable and Combustible Liquids
    Hazard Communications Standard
    Bent Too Far: Ergonomics
    Extent of the Problem
    Developing an Ergonomic Program
    Ergonomic Risk Factors
    Physical Work Activities and Conditions
    Limits of Exposure
    Ergonomic Controls
    Tracking Progress
    Proactive Ergonomics
    Education and Training
    Addressing Illnesses: Industrial Hygiene
    Introduction to Occupational Illness Prevention
    Industrial Hygienist
    Environmental Factors or Stressors
    Modes of Entry for Contaminants
    Types of Air Contaminants
    Exposure Monitoring
    Units of Concentration
    Exposure Guidelines
    When You Need an Industrial Hygienist
    Taking Action: Intervention, Controls, and Prevention
    Hazard Prevention and Controls
    Elimination or Substitution
    Engineering Controls
    Awareness Devices
    Work Practices
    Administrative Controls
    Personal Protective Equipment
    Ranking Hazard Controls
    Other Tools That Can Be Used for Hazard Control
    Hazard Control Summary
    Using the Tools: Accident Prevention Techniques
    Safety and Health Audits
    Safety Talks and Meetings
    Accident Investigations
    Job Hazard Analysis
    Safe Operating Procedures
    Job Safety Observation
    Fleet Safety Program
    Preventive Maintenance Program
    Special Emphasis Program
    Using Safety and Health Consultants
    Who Knows What: Safety and Health Training
    Training and Education
    When to Train
    OSHA Training Model
    Education/Training and Technology
    Training New Hires
    Training Managers
    Training Supervisors
    Training Employees
    Guiding Light: OSHA Compliance
    OSHA Standards
    Protections under the OSHAct
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
    Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission
    Employer Responsibilities under the OSHAct
    Workers’ Rights and Responsibilities under the OSHAct
    Discrimination against Workers
    Right to Information
    Aßuring a Safe and Healthy Workplace
    Workers’ Complaints
    OSHA Inspections
    Workers’ Complaints and Requests for Inspections
    Citations, Penalties, and Other Enforcement Measures
    Common Issued Violations Found by OSHA
    Most Frequent Violations Cited by OSHA for All Industries
    State OSHA Plans
    Worker Training
    Occupational Injuries and Illneßes
    Medical and Exposure Records
    What to Do When OSHA Comes Knocking
    Multiemployer Worksites
    Golden Rules: OSHA Regulations
    Federal Laws
    Content of the OSHAct
    Regulatory Process
    Federal Register
    Code of Federal Regulations
    Regulation Paragraph Numbering System
    A Helping Hand: Workers’ Compensation
    Employer Liability
    Exclusive Remedy
    Covered Events
    Selecting a Physician
    Survivor Benefits
    Second Injury Funds
    Risk and Insurance
    Loss Control
    Injury Management Programs
    All Around: Workplace Environmental Issues
    Industry Today
    Introduction to Laws and Regulations
    Industry's Dilemma
    Describing the Major Issues Faced
    Major Environmental Laws
    Further Planning and Action
    Keep Me Safe: Workplace Security and Violence
    Workplace Violence Statistics
    Risk Factors
    Prevention Strategies
    Cost of Violence
    Prevention Efforts
    Program Development and Essential Elements
    Types of Workplace Violence Events
    Mean Ones: Workplace Bullying
    External Forces: Terrorism
    Travel Security
    Suggested Antiterrorism Security Measures
    Potential Terrorist’s Weapons
    Let Us Find a Way: Safety Communications
    The Communicator
    Safety Culture
    Communication Tools
    Everything Costs Dollars: Budgeting for Safety and Health
    Budget Items
    Budget Approach
    Compliance Factor
    Written Budget
    Controlling Cost
    All’s Well That Ends Well: Summary
    Ethics of the Occupational Safety and Health Profession
    Principles of Management Today
    Taking Another Look
    Five Principles for Safety and Health
    Supervisor’s 10 Commandments of Safety and Health
    Ten Commandments of Safety and Health for Your Workforce
    A: Emergency Action Plan--Fire Evacuation
    Emergency Telephone Numbers
    B: Written Safety and Health Program
    Management’s Commitment
    Aßigning Responsibility
    Safety and Health Policy Statement
    Company Safety Goals and Objectives
    Safety Enforcement Policy
    Management Officials
    Competent/Qualified Persons
    Monthly Project or Production Safety Meeting
    New-Hire Safety Orientation
    Supervisor Training
    Safety Bulletin Board
    Safety Talks
    OSHA Records
    Medical/Exposure Records
    Training Records
    First-Aid Supplies
    Medical Services
    Worksite First-Aid Log
    Emergency Procedures
    Hazard Identification Tool
    Machines and Equipment
    Hand Tools
    Confined Spaces
    Elevated Work Areas
    Welding and Cutting
    Toxic or Hazardous Chemicals
    Radioactive Materials
    Nonionizing Radiation
    Other Hazards
    Temperature Extremes
    More Hazards
    Other Systems
    Safety and Health Audit Instrument
    E: Sample and Blank Material Safety Data Sheets
    F: Ergonomics Solution Chart
    G: OSHA Safety and Health Training Requirements
    General Industry Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1910)
    Shipyard Employment Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1915)
    Marine Terminal Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1917)
    Longshoring Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1918)
    Construction Industry Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1926)
    Agriculture Training Requirements (29 CFR 1938)
    Federal Employee Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1960)
    H: OSHA Offices
    Regional Offices
    State Plan Offices
    50 Most Cited Violations by Major Industrial Groups
    Division A: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing (1-9)
    Division B: Mining
    Division C: Construction (SIC 15-17)
    Division D: Manufacturing (SIC 20-39)
    Division E: Transportation, Communications, Electric, Gas, and Sanitary Services (SIC 40-49)
    Division F: Wholesale Trade (SIC 50-51)
    Division G: Retail Trade (SIC 52-59)
    Division H: Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate (SIC 60-67)
    Division I: Services (SIC 70-80)
    Division J: Public Administration (SIC 91-99)
    J: Summary of 29 CFR
    Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the General Industry
    K: CFR Titles
    Most Common Air Pollutants and Toxic Chemicals
    Ozone (Ground-Level Ozone Is the Principal Component of Smog)
    VOCs: Smog Formers
    Carbon Monoxide
    Particulate Matter (PM-10) (Dust, Smoke, Soot)
    Sulfur Dioxide
    Toxic Chemicals
    Workplace Security Program
    Hazard Aßeßment
    Incident Investigations
    Hazard Correction
    Training and Instruction
    N: Occupational Safety and Health Resources
    Accident/Hazard Analysis
    Accident Investigation
    Accident Prevention
    Construction Safety and Health
    Fleet Safety
    Hazard Identification
    Health Hazards
    Industrial Hygiene
    Job Hazard Analysis
    Job Safety Observation
    Lean Safety
    Office Safety and Health
    OSHA Compliance
    Psychology of Safety
    Safety Hazards
    Safety and Health Hazards
    Safety and Health Management
    Service Industry Safety and Health
    System Safety
    Workplace Violence
    Profeßional Organizations and Agencies
    Health and Environmental Assistance
    Safety and Engineering Consensus Standards
    Professional Safety Organizations
    Specialty Associations (with Specific Expertise)
    Federal Government Sources
    Electronic Sources (Internet)


    For 35 years, Dr. Charles D. Reese has been involved with occupational safety and health as an educator, manager, or consultant. In his early beginnings in occupational safety and health, he held the position of industrial hygienist at the National Mine Health and Safety Academy. He later assumed the responsibility of manager for the nation’s occupational trauma research initiative at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health’s (NIOSH) Division of Safety Research. Dr. Reese has had an integral part in trying to ensure that workplace safety and health is provided for all those within the workplace. As the managing director for the Laborers’ Health and Safety Fund of North America, his responsibilities were aimed at protecting the 650,000 members of the laborers’ union in the United States and Canada.

    Dr. Reese has developed many occupational safety and health training programs, which run the gamut from radioactive waste remediation to confined space entry. He has written numerous articles, pamphlets, and books on related safety and health issues. Dr. Reese, Professor Emeritus, was a member of the graduate and undergraduate faculty at the University of Connecticut, where he taught courses on OSHA regulations, safety and health management, accident prevention techniques, industrial hygiene, ergonomics, and environmental trends and issues. As professor of environmental/occupational safety and health, he coordinated the bulk of the environmental, safety, and health efforts at the University of Connecticut. He is called upon to consult with the industry on safety and health issues and is often asked for expert consultation in legal cases.

    "This 3rd Edition of Charles Reece’s Occupational Health and Safety Management is a must buy for any one seriously interested in all the issues and solutions to occupational safety and health. It is the bible of the field, keeping us all up-to-date with the challenges of maintaining health, wellbeing and safety in the workplace."

    —Professor Sir Cary Cooper, Lancaster University Management School, UK

    "… the perfect text for introducing students to the principles and practice of safety management. … straight forward and easy to read. … All of the critical issues involved in implementing occupational safety and health programs are outlined in a systematic approach designed to help safety professionals effectively manage people, technology, and the work environment to reduce injuries and protect employees."
    —Steven A. Freeman, Iowa State University

    "Dr. Reese has done it again! … All of the topics included in this text are required reading. … I heartily endorse the Reese textbook for efficiently and effectively introducing new safety majors to their realm.
    —Dr. Richard T. Braley, Occupational Safety and Health Department, Southeastern Oklahoma State University

    "Dr Reese has provided a good summary of the many different topics that a student of health and safety must be familiar. The text makes each topic understandable and emphasizes the important elements. But the text is also written for a practicing health and safety manager who can use the questions provided in each chapter to quickly evaluate their own program. … A student or a practicing professional, should have this text at the top of the stack."
    —Bill Thomas, CIH, University of Findlay

    "… accurate and well researched. The material is a very good update to the previous two editions from Mr. Reese particularly the new section on terrorism. It is timely and more important, "New".
    —Louis K. Flores, Faculty at Edmonds/Pierce Community College