Workplace accidents and errors cost organizations hundreds of billions of dollars each year, and the injured workers and their families endure considerable financial and emotional suffering. It's obvious that increasing employee health and safety pays. The accumulating evidence shows that investing in occupational health and safety results in improved financial and social responsibility performance. There are extensive country differences and wide occupational differences in the incidence of accidents and errors. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that every year there are 2.2 million fatal and 270 million non-fatal accidents or occupational diseases worldwide. Occupational Health and Safety looks at the research into what causes accidents and errors in the workplace. In line with other titles in the series, Occupational Health and Safety emphasizes the psychological and behavioral aspects of risk in organizations. It highlights how organizations differ in their health and safety performance, with case studies throughout and best practices. Key elements focus on: employee selection and training, fostering employee understanding, participation and engagement in health and safety matters, developing a health and safety culture at organizational and group/work unit levels, communicating and reinforcing safe workplace practices and bench-marking one's organization against the industry leaders. The contributors to this volume come from various countries, reflecting unique interest and knowledge in particular areas.
Contents: Part I Occupational Health and Safety – Key Issues: Building a safe and healthy workplace, Ronald J. Burke; The business case for occupational safety, health, environment and beyond, Elyce Anne Biddle, Vilma G. Carande-Kulis, Dee Woodhull, Steve Newell and Reepa Shroff; Reporting and investigating accidents: recognizing the tip of the iceberg, Tahira M. Probst and Maja Graso. Part II Individual Factors: Accident proneness: back in vogue?, Sharon Clarke; Injury proneness, Nearkasen Chau. Part III Work Environment Factors: Painful hours? The potential costs of extra work hours and schedule inflexibility to workers' physical well-being, Lonnie Golden and Barbara Wiens-Tuers; Workplace bullying: a toxic part of organizational life, Stig Berge Matthiesen and Brita Bjørkelo; Violence in the workplace, David Lester. Part IV Occupational Factors: Psychological and behavioral aspects of occupational safety and health in the US coal mining industry, Kathleen M. Kowalski-Trakofler, Charles Vaught, Linda Jansen McWilliams and Dori B. Reissman; Psychosocial and organizational factors in offshore safety, Kathryn Mearns; Safety and risk in transportation, A. Ian Glendon; Job stress and pesticide exposure among immigrant Latino farm workers, Joseph G. Grzywacz, Sara A. Quandt and Thomas A. Arcury; Psychosocial risks and positive factors among construction workers, Marisa Salanova, Eva Cifre, Susana Llorens, Isabel M. Martínez and Laura Lorente. Part V Innovative Organizational Approaches: A variegated approach to occupational safety, Karlene H. Roberts and Peter F. Martelli; The best practices for managing return to work following mental health problems at work, Louise St-Arnaud, Catherine Briand, Marie-José Durand, Marc Corbière, Mariève Pelletier and Evelyn Kedl; Index.