Occupational Safety and Hygiene presents selected papers from the International Symposium on Occupational Safety and Hygiene – SHO2013 (Guimarães, Portugal, 14-15 February 2013), which was organized by the Portuguese Society for Occupational Safety and Hygiene (SPOSHO). The contributions from 15 different countries focus on:

    - Occupational safety

    - Risk assessment

    - Safety management

    - Ergonomics

    - Management systems

    - Environmental ergonomics

    - Physical environments

    - Construction safety

    - Human factors

    The papers included in the book are mainly based on research carried out at universities and other research institutions, but they are also based on practical studies developed by Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) practitioners within their companies. As a result, this book will be useful to get acquainted with the state-of-the-art of the research within the aforementioned domains, as well as with some practical tools and approaches that are currently used by OHS professionals worldwide.

    Applied ergonomics

    Evaluation method of low back injuries in nursing: An ergonomic approach
    R. Schlossmacher & F.G. Amaral

    Are dental students at risk of developing occupational musculoskeletal disorders?
    M.E. Pinho, M.A. Vaz, P.M. Arezes & J.R. Campos

    Popliteal height as a measure for classroom furniture selection: An exploratory analysis
    H.I. Castellucci, M. Catalán, C. Viviani, J. Rojas & P.M. Arezes

    Hierarchical classification of ergonomic methods for applications in current engineering practice
    S. Fiserova

    Comfort underwear, their implications for women’s health in task performance
    R.P. Alves, L.B. Martins & S.B. Martins

    Finger tapping rates and the effects of various factors
    A. İşeri & M. Ekşioğlu

    Hand torque strength of female population of Turkey and the effects of various factors
    M. Ekşioğlu & Z. Recep

    Intervention in hydrometers industry: Recommendations for improvements based on ergonomic assessment
    G.S. Ribeiro, C.R. Leite da Silva, F.P.C. Neves & L.B. Martins

    The role of ergonomics in implementation of the social aspect of sustainability, illustrated with the example of maintenance
    M. Jasiulewicz-Kaczmarek

    Postural changes and musculoskeletal disorders in workers with mental disabilities
    F. Diniz-Baptista

    Analysis of interventions in the design of potiguar handicraft—Brazil
    M.L. Leal & M.C.W. Saldanha

    Prevalence of pain/discomfort on artisan fishing using rafts
    A. Jaeschke & M.C.W. Saldanha

    Cognitive ergonomics

    A qualitative approach to ergonomic risk existing in pathological anatomy laboratories
    R. Rangel, A. Dias-Teixeira, J. Maia, E. Maia, F.D. Baptista & M. Dias-Teixeira

    Background noise and its influence on the brain waves related to attention
    E. Tristán, I. Pavón & J.M. López

    Construction safety

    Profile of the construction safety coordinator in Portugal
    P. Santos, P.A.A. Oliveira & E.F.P. Almeida

    Characterization of workers suffering serious electrical accidents in the construction industry
    M. Suárez-Cebador, J.C. Rubio-Romero, A. López-Arquillos & J.A. Carrillo

    Safety requirements for machinery in practice
    B. Mrugalska & P.M. Arezes

    Factors that influence the construction safety performance: Overview
    F. Rodrigues, A. Coutinho & C. Cardoso

    Use of the recycled plastic roof main beam in the construction of popular houses: Impact on laborer’s health
    S.F.D. Maia & M.B.F.V. Melo

    Weighted responsibility in occupational safety management in the construction industry—case study
    P.A.A. Oliveira & Z.A.F. Neves

    Thermal environment as a management tool in high-rise building
    H.C. Albuquerque Neto, J. Santos Baptista & B. Barkokébas Jr.

    Factors affecting the safety performance in portuguese construction: Summary analysis focused on rehabilitation works
    J.P. Couto & C. Gomes

    Specifics of the dams safety coordination
    A.M. Márcio, M.R. Cristina & S.O. Carlos

    Nonlinear analysis of incidents in small construction companies in southern Brazil
    A. Falcão, I.G. Guimarães, M.P. da Silva & L.A.S. Franz

    Economic aspects of prevention

    Organization and use of information to calculate ergonomics financial benefits—a hospital case
    M.P. da Silva, V.A.S. Zizemer, M.C. Louzada & F.G. Amaral

    Costs of safety at work vs. costs of “no” safety at work—Building Sector
    P. Monteiro, F.A. Santos & G. Santos

    The role of costs, benefits and social impact on the design of occupational safety programs
    D.G. Ramos, P.M. Arezes & P. Afonso

    Education and training in prevention

    Evaluation of perceived risk by education professionals in kindergarten
    J.M. Tavares, R.P. Azevedo & M.V. Silva

    Continuous training in loco: Effects on the symptomatology of WRMD
    C. Prüfer, H. Pereira, P.M. Arezes, A. Neves, M. Loureiro, P. Soares, R. Garganta & F.G. Amaral

    Emerging risks

    Indoor air quality in sports halls
    T.S. Filipe, M. Vasconcelos Pinto, J. Almeida, C. Alcobia Gomes, J.P. Figueiredo & A. Ferreira

    Relative risk of accident: Worker collectives in the manufacturing sector
    J.A. Carrillo, L. Onieva, J.C. Rubio-Romero & M. Suárez-Cebador

    Risk assessment in processing polymer nanocomposites
    S. Sousa, M.C.S. Ribeiro & J. Santos Baptista

    Exposure and perception to electromagnetic radiation of low frequency
    A. Rainha, J.P. Figueiredo, N.L. Sá, A. Ferreira, S. Paixão, F. Alves & E. Lankford

    Risk assessment and control in engineered nanoparticles occupational exposure
    F. Silva, P.M. Arezes & P. Swuste

    Environmental ergonomics

    Work Ability Index and thermal and acoustic conditions of municipal schools’ teachers
    D.A.M. Pereira

    Thermal suitability in a work environment: Analysis of PMV and PPD
    E.E. Broday, A.A.P. Xavier & A.L. Soares

    Ergonomic analysis based on temperature and thermal stress level
    L.F. Monteiro, O.L.S. Alsina, T.H.S. Starling & V.R. Mendonça

    Proposal for a lighting project of a metallurgical company based in the determination of the medium level of illuminance
    J.M.N. Silva, A.S.L. Santos Filho, C.M. Souto, W.S. Macêdo, M.B.G. Santos, I.F. Araujo & A.L. Melo

    Environmental disturbances in robust machinery design
    B. Mrugalska

    Fire safety

    Evacuation times sensitivity
    N. Beleza, J. Santos Baptista & A. Rua

    Analysis and proposal of a role model of the physical arrangement of prevention and fire fighting against panic in a popular shopping mall
    W.S. Macêdo, J.M.N. Silva, L.O. Rocha, M.B.G. Santos & A.L. Melo

    Fire Prevention and Protection Plan Pathologies
    N.L.R. Modro, N.R. Modro, N.R. Modro & A.N. Abib

    Health monitoring and occupational medicine

    Disbaric disease prevention
    H. Alvim & J. Santos Baptista

    Hyperbaric medicine: Occupational medical exams
    H. Alvim & A.S. Miguel

    Thermal environment and cognitive performance: Parameters and equipment
    E. Quelhas Costa & J. Santos Baptista

    Occupational exposure to radon in thermal spas
    A.S. Silva, M.L. Dinis & M.T. Diogo

    Wearable monitoring system for locomotion rehabilitation
    A. Catarino, A.M. Rocha, M.J. Abreu, J.M. da Silva, J.C. Ferreira, V.G. Tavares, M.V. Correia, A. Zambrano, F. Derogarian & R. Dias

    Human and organisational factors

    Good practice guide of blind and low vision people integration in workplaces—a proposal
    A. Costa, M.T. Diogo & A. Rua

    Human organizational factors and occupational health: A study in a public service entity
    M.F.F.M. Catão & M.B.F.V. Melo

    Occupational ergonomics

    Occupational low-back pain in hospital nurses
    F. Serranheira, M. Sousa-Uva & A. Sousa-Uva

    Occupational ergonomics: Work posture among Brazilian dental students
    P.P.N.S. Garcia, D. Wajngarten, A.C.A. Gottardello & J.A.D.B. Campos

    Analysis of ergonomics in office work: A case study leading to an intervention in office acoustics
    C.S.D. Tavares, T.M. Lima & D.A. Coelho

    Worker perception in relation to workplace comfort—an evaluation in metalworking industry
    M. Talaia, B. Meles & L. Teixeira

    Implications of obesity on occupational health
    A. Colim, P.M. Arezes & P. Flores

    The effects of local illumination and work-rest schedule on light-on test inspection in a TFT-LCD plant
    Li-Jen Twu, Chih-Long Lin & M.J.J. Wang

    Workplace accommodation for people with disabilities: A literature review
    B.M. de Guimarães, L.B. Martins, B. Barkokébas Jr. & A.M. das Neves

    Ergonomic analysis applied to chemical laboratories on an oil and gas industry
    C.P. Guimarães, G.L. Cid, M.C. Zamberlan, V. Santos, F.C. Pastura, J. Oliveira, G. Franca & A.G. Paranhos

    Ergonomic analysis applied to work activities at a pilot plant of oil and gas industry
    M.C. Zamberlan, C.P. Guimarães, G.L. Cid, A.G. Paranhos, J. Oliveira & F.C. Pastura

    3D Digital Human Models and collaborative virtual environments: A case study in oil and gas laboratories
    V. Santos, M.C.P.L. Zamberlan, P. Streit, J.L. Oliveira, C.P. Guimarães, F.C. Ribeiro & F.H. Pastura

    Evaluation of the ergonomic changes made in the presses sector in an metallurgical industry 347
    J.M.N. Silva, A.S.L. Santos Filho, J.C.M. Santos, A.M.D. Nunes, C.M. Souto, I.F. Araujo & A.L. Melo

    Development of a job rotation scheme to reduce musculoskeletal disorders: A case study
    H. Fonseca, I.F. Loureiro & P.M. Arezes

    Design of personal protective equipment: To promote of Brazilian artefacts with ergonomic attributes
    C.R. Leite da Silva & J.E.G. dos Santos

    A comparison between two participatory approaches in a manufacturing company
    A.S.P. Moraes, P.M. Arezes & R. Vasconcelos

    Occupational hygiene

    Chemical mixtures—is a risk assessment actually necessary?
    P.E. Laranjeira

    Occupational exposure to Aflatoxin B1 in Portuguese swine farms
    S. Viegas, L. Veiga, P. Figueredo, A. Almeida, E. Carolino & C. Viegas

    Exposure to particles and fungi in Portuguese swine production
    C. Viegas, S. Viegas, E. Carolino, R. Sabino & C. Veríssimo

    The wrist vibrations measured with anti-vibration gloves in a simulated work task
    J.M. Cabeças, R. Messias, B. Roque & S. Batista

    Risk assessment of chronic exposure to magnetic fields near electrical apparatus
    F.O. Nunes & E.F. Margato

    Indoor air quality: Analytic assessment and employees’ perception
    A. Ferreira, L. Jesus, J.P. Figueiredo & A. Carvalho

    Bioaerosols exposure in hospital context
    C. Vieira & J. Santos Baptista

    Electromagnetic radiation: Risk perception among workers of telecommunications companies
    A. Ribeiro, J. Almeida, M. Pinto, J. Figueiredo & A. Ferreira

    Thermal comfort evaluation of an operating room through CFD methodology
    N.J.O. Rodrigues, S.F.C.F. Teixeira, A.S. Miguel, R.F. Oliveira, J.C.F. Teixeira & J. Santos Baptista

    Vibration exposure in mechanical olive harvesting: Workers’ perception
    N. Costa, P.M. Arezes, C. Quintas & R.B. Melo

    Risk of exposure to xylene in a pathologic anatomy laboratory
    M. Dias-Teixeira, R. Rangel, A. Dias-Teixeira, V. Domingues & S. Abajo Olea

    Determination of noise levels in the intensive care unit of the Coimbra Hospital and University Centre
    D. Castro, H. Simões, J.P. Figueiredo, Ó. Tavares, H. Braga, M. Negrão, R. Gonçalves, V. Bizarro, D. Ferreira & A. Ferreira

    Musicians noise exposure in a Portuguese orchestra—a case study
    M.A. Rodrigues, P. Alves, L. Ferreira, M.V. Silva, M.P. Neves & L. Aguiar

    Evaluation of noise generated by propagation equipment beat stakes construction site
    F. Cruz, E.M.G. Lago & B. Barkokébas Jr.

    Indoor air quality in community health centers: A preliminary study
    L. Santos, J. Santos, A. Rebelo & M. Vieira da Silva

    Miner’s exposure to carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide in underground metallic mines in Macedonia
    D. Mirakovski, M. Hadzi-Nikolova, Z. Panov, Z. Despodov, S. Mijalkovski & G. Vezenkovski

    On the nature of hearing protection devices usage prediction
    S. Costa & P.M. Arezes

    Exposure of children to VOCs in European schools and homes environments: A systematic review
    J. Madureira, I. Paciência, G. Ventura & E. de Oliveira Fernandes

    Analysis of the combined exposure to noise and ototoxic substances—pilot study
    M.M. Lopes, D. Tomé, P.C. Carmo, M.A. Rodrigues & P. Neves

    Occupational safety

    Mathematical relationship between age, working time and lost working days
    E.G.S. de Medeiros, E.L. de Souza, F.B.R. de Brito, L.B. da Silva & M.B.F.V. de Melo

    Evaluation of the thermal comfort in workplaces—a study in the metalworking industry
    M. Talaia, B. Meles & L. Teixeira

    Study of workers’ perception on the risk of WRMSDs in the traditional bakery industry
    J.M. Lima, M.E. Pinho & P.M. Arezes

    The identification of occupational hazards to administrative and technical staff of an educational institution
    S.R. Benka, R.P. Maia, L.M.W. Prado & G.D.S. Ulbrich

    Using cloud computing in occupational risks
    M. Izvercian, L. Ivascu & A. Radu

    Assessment of compliance with minimum safety requirements in machine operation: A case of assessing the control devices of a press
    A. Górny

    Occupational safety and health: A comparative study between public policies in Brazil and Portugal
    T.R. Ferreira & M.B.F.V. Melo

    Hearing protection: Selection factors and risks of excessive attenuation
    M.L. Matos, P. Santos & F. Barbosa

    Development of a multilevel safety climate measure for furniture industries
    M.A. Rodrigues, P.M. Arezes & C.P. Leão

    Working conditions of firefighters: Physiological measurements, subjective assessments and thermal insulation of protective clothing
    D.A. Quintela, A.R. Gaspar, A.M. Raimundo & A.V.M. Oliveira

    Occupational health and safety management systems

    Challenges in attending to OHS regulations in rice mills in southern of Brazil
    I.G. Guimarães, A. Falcão, E.P. Ferreira, L.A.S. Franz & N. Costa

    Integrated Management Systems: A statistical analysis
    J.P.T. Domingues, P. Sampaio & P.M. Arezes

    Options in managing hazards and risks of nanomaterials
    P. Swuste & D. Zalk

    Data quality assessment for performance measures in the area of safety and health at work
    M.A. Cavallare, S.D. Sousa & E.P. Nunes

    Prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms in Portuguese volunteer firefighters
    A. Seixas & F. Silva

    Risk assessment methods

    Safety function analysis in a manufacturing process of paper products
    C. Jacinto, R. Beatriz & L. Harms-Ringdahl

    Assessment of human factor in production engineering
    I. Turekova & Z. Turnova

    Proposals for risk management in nanotechnology activities
    L.R.B. Andrade & F.G. Amaral

    Comparative study of risk evaluation methods for the development of worker related musculoskeletal disorders
    G. Pereira & P.M. Arezes

    Operational safety: Development of electronic system for dynamic balance evaluation of farm tractors
    M.D.S. Luciano, J.E.G. Santos, A.G. Santos Filho, J.A. Cagnon & A.L. Andreoli

    Analysis and risk assessment in a polymer manufacturing industry
    C. de Matos & I.L. Nunes


    Evaluation of organizational psychosocial characteristics’ effect on workers health: A systematic review
    A. Cardoso, C. Neves, L. Afonso, P. Costa, S. Rosário & J. Torres da Costa

    Working conditions in the urban transport sector in the metropolitan region of Recife: Risk analysis of the jobs of driver and conductor
    B. Barkokébas Jr., L.B. Martins, E.M.G. Lago, B.M. de Guimarães & F. Mendes

    Nurse practice to assist students with heart condition at school
    R.P. Maia, G.D.S. Ulbrich, L.M.W. Prado & S.R. Benka

    Terms and concepts: A reflection on occupational health and safety definitions and terminology
    C. Gomes de Oliveira, F.O. Nunes & A. Pinto

    Study of the food waste of the canteens of the polytechnic institute of Coimbra
    M. Gaspar, C. Santos, A. Ferreira & J.P. Figueiredo

    25 years of ergonomics in Spain: Current status
    J. Llaneza, G. Rosal López, E. Peña Suarez & J. Rodriguez Suarez


    Pedro Arezes, João Santos Baptista, Monica P. Barroso, Paula Carneiro, Patricio Cordeiro, Nelson Costa, Rui B. Melo, Sergio A. Miguel, Gonçalo Perestrelo