2nd Edition

Oceanographic Processes of Coral Reefs Physical and Biological Links in the Great Barrier Reef

Edited By Eric Wolanski, Michael J. Kingsford Copyright 2024
    484 Pages 187 Color & 33 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    484 Pages 187 Color & 33 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    484 Pages 187 Color & 33 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    In the last two decades since publication of the first edition, substantial advancements have been made in the science, the need for transdisciplinary approaches to coral reef protection greater than ever before. This new edition, now in full color throughout with accompanying animations, goes beyond identifying foundational information and current problems to pinpoint science-based solutions for managers, stakeholders and policy makers.

    Coral reefs are connected by currents that carry plankton and the larvae of many reef-based organisms. Further, they supply food to reefs. Currents also bring pollutants from the land and, together with the atmosphere, affect the surrounding ocean. The chapters in this book provide a much-needed review of the biophysics of reefs with an emphasis on the Great Barrier Reef as an ecosystem. The focus is on interactions between currents, waves, sediment and the dynamics of coastal and reef-based ecosystems. The topographic complexity of reefs redirects mainstream currents, creates tidal eddies, mushroom jets, boundary layers, stagnation zones, and this turbulence is enhanced by the oceanographic chaos in the adjoining Coral Sea. This is the environment in which particles and organisms, of a range of sizes live, from tiny plankton to megafauna. This generates faunal connectivity at scales of meters to thousands of km within the Great Barrier Reef and with the adjoining ocean.

    Pollution from land-use is increasing and remedial measures are described both on land and on coral cays. The impact of climate change is quantified in case studies about mangroves and corals. Modelling this biophysical complexity is increasing in sophistication, and the authors suggest how the field can advance further.

    Section 1: The key role of oceanography and how it influences life in the GBR

    Chapter 1: The emergence of biophysical sciences for the Great Barrier Reef

    M.J. Kingsford and E. Wolanski

    Chapter 2: The physical oceanography of the Great Barrier Reef: a review

    E. Wolanski, M.J. Kingsford, J. Lambrechts and G. Marmorino

    Chapter 3: Biological and geological links on coral reef islands

    S.M. Hamylton, R. McLean, I.P. Bell, and C. Thomas

    Chapter 4: Currents modulate the genetic character of marine populations in the Great Barrier Reef

    S. Kininmonth

    Chapter 5: Advances in understanding climate change on the Great Barrier Reef using coral-based proxies

    G.E. Webb

    Chapter 6: From the microscale to the reef: the role of microorganisms in the chemical ecology and gaseous emissions of the Great Barrier Reef

    J.-B. Raina and J.R. Seymour

    Section 2: Land-sea connectivity

    Chapter 7: Great Barrier Reef ecohydrology

    J. Waterhouse, R. Pearson, S. Lewis, A. Davis and N. Waltham

    Chapter 8: Sediment and nutrient flux from land

    S. Lewis, G. McCloskey, Z. Bainbridge, A. Davis, R. Bartley and R. Turner

    Chapter 9: Dispersal and environmental impacts of pan-oceanic contaminants

    M.O. Hoogenboom, L. Osipova, M. Nordborg, J. Schlaefer and K. Critchell

    Chapter 10: Jellyfish: A Window into pesticide distribution and risks on the Great Barrier Reef

    M.A. Templeman and C.D. Williams

    Chapter 11: The influence of the spatio-temporal dynamics of fish populations on the outcomes of land-sea connectivity

    M. Sheaves, M. Bradley, N. Lubitz, C. Mattone, J. Myers, A. Venkataraman, N. Waltham, and S. Winter

    Section 3: Biophysical oceanography

    Chapter 12: Estimates of wind drift coefficient to inform biophysical models of seagrass dispersal in the Great Barrier Reef

    S.J. Tol, A. Carter, P.H. York, A. Grech, R. Situ and R.G. Coles

    Chapter 13: Interactions between dugong biology and the biophysical determinants of their environment: a review

    H. Marsh and C. Cleguer

    Chapter 14: Bio-physical interactions of jellyfish on the Great Barrier Reef

    J.A. Schlaefer and M.J. Kingsford

    Chapter 15: More intense severe tropical cyclones in recent decades cause greater impacts on mangroves bordering Australia’s Great Barrier Reef

    N. Duke, A. Canning and J. Mackenzie

    Chapter 16: Dispersal and connectivity of marine turtles in the Great Barrier Reef and links to the South Pacific Ocean

    M. Hamann, C.J. Limpus and S. Kophamel

    Chapter 17: The interactions between larval behaviour and oceanography

    M.J. Kingsford, L. Spiecker and G. Gerlach

    Chapter 18: Incorporating biophysical larval dispersal simulations into coral reef conservation decision-making

    M. Bode, O. Stewart and S.M. Choukroun

    Chapter 19: A historic perspective to thermal and heatwave induced bleaching on the Great Barrier Reef

    N.A. Kamenos and S.J. Hennige

    Chapter 20: Biophysical processes involved in the initiation and spread of population irruptions of crown-of-thorns starfish on the Great Barrier Reef

    M.S. Pratchett, J. Chandler, S.M. Choukroun, P.C. Doll, B.J. Lang, S. Kwong, C.C.M Chen, M. Emslie, C.F. Caballes, S. Uthicke and S. Matthews

    Chapter 21: The biophysics of sharks and rays on the Great Barrier Reef

    A. Chin, S. Bierwagen, J. L. Rummer and V. Udyawer

    Section 4: Consequences: Impact on GBR water and remediation

    Chapter 22: Impacts of climate change stressors on the Great Barrier Reef

    M. Byrne, S.A. Foo, A. Vila-Concejo, K. Wolfe

    Chapter 23: Selective breeding and promotion of naturally heat-tolerant coral reef species

    K. M. Quigley and J. M. Donelson

    Chapter 24: Coastal wetland restoration: Case studies from Great Barrier Reef catchments

    N.J. Waltham, P. Cartwright, K. Motson, M. Sheaves, and M. Ronan

    Chapter 25: Pathways to improved water quality in the GBR lagoon – exploring opportunities for broadscale application of low-risk practices in the Lower Burdekin irrigated agriculture areas

    S. Attard, J.G. Connell and Taha Chaiech

    Chapter 26: Raine Island Recovery Project – Intervening at one of the most significant sites on the Great Barrier Reef

    K. Robertson, J. Dawson and O. Coffee

    Chapter 27: An overview of environmental engineering methods for reducing coral bleaching stress

    D. Harrison

    Chapter 28: Sexual reproduction of reef corals and application to coral restoration

    Peter L. Harrison

    Section 5: Epilogue

    Chapter 29: Great Barrier Reef biophysics: A synthesis of challenges and opportunities

    Eric Wolanski and M.J. Kingsford


    Adjunct Professor Eric Wolanski is an estuarine oceanographer and ecohydrologist at James Cook University. His research interests range from the oceanography of coral reefs, mangroves, and muddy estuaries to the interaction between physical and biological processes determining ecosystem health in tropical waters. He has published 430 book chapters, scientific papers and reports. He has a Google Scholar h-index of 87 and 25,000 citations. Eric is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, the Institution of Engineers Australia (ret.), and l’Académie Royale des Sciences d’Outre-Mer (Belgium). He was awarded an Australian Centenary medal, 2 Doctorate Honoris Causa (by the catholic University of Louvain and the University of Hull), a Queensland Information Technology and Telecommunications Award for Excellence, and a Lifetime Achievement Award by the Estuarine & Coastal Sciences Association. Eric is an Editor-in-Chief of Wetland Ecology and Management, and of the Elsevier book series Ecohydrology from catchment to coast, an Honorary Editor of Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, and a member of the editorial board of 4 other journals.

    Michael J. Kingsford is a Distinguished Professor in the Marine Biology and Aquaculture group of the College of Science and Engineering at James Cook University (JCU), Australia. Over a 14 year period he has held positions as Head of the School of Marine Biology and Tropical Biology and Dean of the College of Marine and Environmental Sciences. Furthermore, he has been President of the Australian Coral Reef Society, Director of One Tree Island Research Station, member of the Great Barrier Reef Research Foundation and the Museum of Tropical Queensland advisory committees. His awards include, the K. Radway Allen Award Awarded for an outstanding contribution in fish or fisheries science by the Australian Society for Fish Biology (2017) and, the AMSA Jubilee Award (2021) for excellence in marine research and an outstanding contribution to marine research in Australia. He has published extensively on the ecology of reef fishes, biological oceanography, climate change and jellyfishes. In total, he has two hundred and twenty publications including four major books, forty two chapters in books, 165 refereed publications and nine refereed proceedings (h-index Google Scholar = 58). He has been a Chief Investigator with the ARC Centre of Excellence for Innovative Coral Reef Studies. A major focus of his research has been on reef fish ecology and demography, connectivity of reef fish populations, the ecology and behavior of larval fishes, the utility of Marine Protected Areas, environmental records in corals and fishes. He has forty years of research experience of studying fishes, jellyfishes and oceanography in temperate and tropical regions of Australia and other parts of the world.