1st Edition

Oceans Past Management Insights from the History of Marine Animal Populations

Edited By Poul Holm, David J. Starkey, Michaela Barnard Copyright 2008
    256 Pages
    by Routledge

    250 Pages
    by Routledge

    �[A] fascinating volume, which establishes marine environmental history as a major new discipline for academics as well as an exciting way to bring history and the natural world alive for the public.� ANDREW A. ROSENBERG, UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE �The HMAP project is to be congratulated on this book, which presents vivid, evidence-based reconstructions of historical fisheries and the prolific ecosystems in which they were embedded.� TONY J. PITCHER, UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA �The ingenuity and scholarship of the authors allow us to see ... how human societies have depended on and influenced marine living resources from periwinkles to whales.� MIKE SINCLAIR, BEDFORD INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY �This book exalts the surprisingly fruitful marriage of historians and marine scientists - a union that has proven to be one of the most exciting developments in ocean research in recent years.� KATHERINE RICHARDSON, UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN For centuries the seas appeared to offer limitless supplies of food and other resources, their waters a cornucopia never to be exhausted. In more recent times, episodes such as the extreme exploitation and subsequent collapse of cod populations of the Grand Banks off Newfoundland have highlighted the fallaciousness of this view. Yet all too often the lessons from our historical interactions with marine animals are little known, let alone learned. Based on research for the History of Marine Animal Populations project, Oceans Past examines the complex relationship our forebears had with the sea and the animals that inhabit it. It presents eleven studies ranging from fisheries and invasive species to offshore technology and the study of marine environmental history, bringing together the perspectives of historians and marine scientists to enhance understanding of ocean management of the past, present and future. In doing so, it also highlights the influence that changes in marine ecosystems have upon the politics, welfare and culture of human societies.

    Foreword: Future Knowledge of Life in Oceans Past * Oceans Past: History Meets Marine Science * Invasive or Native? The Case History of the Common Periwinkle Snail (Littorina littorea) in Northeast North America * Social Conflict, Over-Fishing and Disease in the Florida Sponge Fishery, 1849-1939 * Quite the Choicest Protein Dish : The Costs of Consuming Seafood in American Restaurants, 1850-2006 * Baiting Our Memories: The Impact of Offshore Technology Change on Inshore Species Around Cape Cod, 1860-1895 * Mapping Historic Fishing Grounds in the Gulf of Maine and Northwest Atlantic Ocean * There She Blew! Yankee Sperm Whaling Grounds, 1760-1920 * Depletion within a Decade: The American 19th-Century North Pacific Right Whale Fishery * Sperm Whale Catches and Encounter Rates during the 19th and 20th Centuries: An Apparent Paradox * Understanding the Dynamics of Fisheries and Fish Populations: Historical Approaches from the 19th Century * A Political History of Maximum Sustained Yield, 1945-1955 * Afterword: Lost and Found in the Past * Index


    Dr David J. Starkey is Reader in Maritime History at the University of Hull. He has published extensively on various maritime themes, including fisheries and marine environmental history. Professor Poul Holm is Rector of Roskilde University. A highly regarded historian, he is Chair of the HMAP Executive Committee and a member of the CoML Scientific Steering Committee. Michaela Barnard is Research Fellow in the Maritime Historical Studies Centre, University of Hull. As well as teaching and researching marine environmental history, she has published widely on fisheries and shipping history.

    'Oceans Past is a fascinating book that addresses the history of fisheries resources [...]. It applies lessons from the past to describe the causes and consequences of changes in the marine environment, and to address improved management of ocean fisheries.' A. K. Volety, Florida Gulf Coast University, USA 'Informative and engaging' Oceanography 'A fascinating book... Recommended' Choice