The punitive prison currently dominates the practice of Anglo-American criminal justice, stigmatising its victims as perpetual 'offenders' and failing to change a majority of them for the better. Books of academic 'readings' sometimes profess neutrality over the controversies they invigilate. Offenders or Citizens? sits on no such fences, its pages reflect the fiercely partisan nature of the contest between rehabilitation and punishment. Probation, social work, youth justice, law, corrections, criminology, journalism, philosophy, politics, popular culture, psychology, anthropology, and sociology – the voices of participants, professionals, and writers from many realms are all represented in this lively selection. Its aim - to stimulate and furnish a debate about the proper place of rehabilitation within a plural, morally defensible, and effective response to crime.
This book will be essential reading for both students and practitioners within criminal justice, who have an interest in the rehabilitation of convicted individuals, and providing an essential broader context to the 'what works' debate.
Table of Contents
General Introduction Part 1: The Historical Roots and Early Forms of Rehabilitation Introduction. 1. Science, Rewards and Education, Cesare Beccaria 2. The Panopticon, Jeremy Bentham 3. Working in the Police Court, John Augustus 4. Recognizance, Matthew Davenport Hill 5. Recognizance and the suspension of judgement, Edward. W. Cox 6. Adult Probation, William Tallack 7. The blind worship of punishment, Enrico Ferri 8. Crime and Criminals, Clarence Darrow 9. The Positivism of Clarence Darrow, P. Jenkins 10. Work in the courts, Thomas Holmes 11. The individualization of punishment, Raymond Saleilles 12. Reforming criminals, Thomas Holmes 13. The Probation System, Cecil Leeson 14. Working with women, Mrs. Cary 15. Social Clubs for girls, Mrs. Cary 16. Work with children, H. Chinn 17. Difficult cases, C. Rankin 18. The failure of prison and the value of treatment, Mary Gordon 19. The spiritual factor, F. Poulton 20. Principles of a rational penal code, Sheldon Glueck 21. The prison chaplain,Victor Serge 22. Religion in the penitentiary, Philip Priestley 23. Techniques of social work, H. Weiss 24. Some pitfalls for probation, Sheldon Glueck 25. Treatment plans and practice, L. Le Mesurier 26. Social inquiry and treatment plans, R. R. W. Golding 27. The principles of casework, F. P. Biestek 28. Gang-groups, D. Bissell 29. Hostel groups, M. K. McCullough 30. Girl Groups, M. Freeguard 31. Enforcement and therapy, A.W. Hunt 32. Psychotherapy and reality, Melitta Schmideberg 33. The persistent offender, Geoffrey Parkinson Part 2: Modern Trends and Forms Introduction 34. Humanitarianism and punishment, C. S. Lewis 35. The frying-pan of charitable condescension, Barbara Wootton 36. Faith and Counsellors, Paul Halmos 37. Re-socializing prisoners, K. Berntsen and K. Christiansen 38. The Age of Treatment, Robert Martinson 39. In the Ghetto, Mac Davis 40. The justice model, American Friends Service Committee 41. Task Centred Casework, W. J. Reid and L. Epstein 42. Serving the community, John Harding 43. Extended contact with prisoners, Margaret Shaw 44. McVicar, John McVicar 45. Social Work in the Environment, Martin Davies 46. New Careers, Philip Priestley 47. The effectiveness of sentencing, S.R. Brody 48. Rehabilitation and deviance, Philip Bean 49. A sense of freedom, Jimmy Boyle 50. Sentenced to social work, Malcolm Bryant et al 51. Compulsion and social work, Peter Raynor 52. Non-treatment, Anthony Bottoms and Bill McWilliams 53. Still not working?, Ronald Blackburn 54. Induction groups, A.R. Stanley 55. Limits to Pain, Nils Christie 56. Sex Offender Groups, Christine Weaver and Charles Fox 57. Justice, Sanctioning, and the Justice Model, Gray Cavender 58. Offending Behaviour, James McGuire and Philip Priestley 59. Heimler's Human Social Functioning, Hugh Morley 60. Reasoning and Rehabilitation, Robert Ross et al 61. Does nothing work? Jerome Miller 62. Punishment in Modern Society, David Garland 63. Restorative justice, Martin Wright 64. Good or evil?, John Patten 65. The New Penology, Malcolm Feeley and Jonathan Simon 66. Day Training Centres, Maurice Vanstone 67. Groupwork with Women, Marion Jones et al 68. Last Messages from a Fading Star, Brian Caddick 69. Probation Practice..., Peter Raynor and Maurice Vanstone 70. Drug treatment: a therapeutic community, Carl Ake Farbring Part 3:The Future - Can Rehabilitation be Rehabilitated? Introduction 71. Socialization Through the Life Cycle, Orville G. Brim 72. The Just Community Approach to Corrections, L. Kohlberg et. al 73. Exiting from criminal careers, Thomas Meisenhelder 74. A Re-Examination of Correctional Alternatives, Kevin N. Wright 75. Probation in St. Pauls, Jim Lawson 76. The Rights Model, Edgardo Rotman 77. The Politics of Redress, Willem de Haan 78. Desistance and development, Shadd Maruna 79. Treatment for Substance Abusers, Ron Fagan 80. What works. What doesn't work. What's promising, Doris Layton MacKenzie 81. 'Punish And Rehabilitate' - Do They Mean Us?, Chris Hignett 82. Rethinking God, Ted Grimsrud and Howard Zehr 83. Restorative Justice Values, Processes and Practices, Allison Morris 84. Rethinking What Works with Offenders, Stephen Farrall 85. A Civic Engagement Model of Re-entry, G. Bazemore and J. Stinchcomb 86. American Social Work, Corrections and Restorative Justice, E. J. Gumz 87. The Good Lives Model, Tony Ward and Mark Brown 88. What Works in Prisoner Re-entry? Joan Petersilia 89. Beyond the Prison Paradigm, James Gilligan and Bandy Lee 90. Rehabilitation: headline or footnote? S. Lewis 91. Problem Solving Courts, C. West Huddleston, III et al 92. Strengths-based resettlement, Ros Burnett and Shadd Maruna 93. Staying straight: lessons from ex-offenders, Thomas K. Kenemore 94. The future of rehabilitation, Gwen Robinson and Peter Raynor 95. Programmes for minority ethnic offenders, Patrick Williams 96. Rehabilitation is the moral thing to do, Francis T. Cullen 97. Principles of Problem-Solving Justice, Robert V. Wolf 98. 'A daft idea', Rod Morgan Conclusion
'Priestley and Vanstone are, quite simply, among the best in the business and they have not disappointed with this inspired and inspiring collection. Moreover, I agree with the authors that the 'time is right' for a collection like this. The convergance of various paradigms in the literature (restorative justice, therapeutic jurisprudence, re-entry, desistance, etc), neatly described in Section Three of this book, have brought rehabilitation very much to the foreground in criminological thought again.' – Professor Shadd Maruna, Queen's University, Belfast
'This reader on rehabilitation could not be more timely for practitioners and academics. Probation practitioners in the UK are waiting to see what the government's stated 'rehabilitation revolution' will bring. European criminologists will have been stimulated by the European Journal of Probation's special edition on judicial rehabilitation and Maruna's (2011) call to promote active, not passive, rehabilitation and to provide certificates of rehabilitation. Anyone wishing to understand and participate in these debates should read this excellent and important collection.'
'[The editors'] conclusion that rehabilitation is a message of promotion of justice, inclusion education and optimism is a strong one and is well supported by the contents of this excellent book.'
-Dr Brian Stout, Associate Head, School of Applied Social Sciences, De Montfort University
'Forgive my misappropriation of the English language, but we have indeed got ourselves ‘A Reader’: a quite amazing collection of texts.
In producing such a quirky but beautifully concocted collection, the editors (and publisher) should be congratulated on the way they have distilled the various philosophical positions and show (much more importantly in the editors’ view) the practical applications stemming from such ideas. This is an enjoyable read and social workers will be heartened by a lot of what is here, not least the call for a renewal of faith in, and respect towards, the profession. However, the book is more than a well-crafted piece of academic labour. The book’s stated aim is to stimulate and furnish a debate about the proper place of rehabilitation within a plural, morally defensible and effective response to crime. The editors are agitating for a counter-revolution necessitating political will to revisit the original vision of rehabilitation, one that promotes inclusion, education and belief in self-change based on collaborative relationships engendering activecitizenship.
A powerful, persuasive and pleasurable read. Highly recommended.'
– Ian Paylor, Lancaster University in Br J Soc Work (2011) 41 (4): 799-800
'This ‘reader’ is an outstanding compendium of ninety-eight essays on the subject matter of rehabilitation. It is highly accessible in that most of the texts are just two or three pages in length. There is an impressive assortment of contributions which include those of academics drawn from across the social sciences, social care perspectives provided by practitioners from within the Criminal Justice System, and important statements from popular culture. This is a truly excellent ‘reader’, providing a well balanced à la carte menu on this subject.'
'I found it a helpful and enjoyable read. Probation practitioners will find it encouraging; students in Social Work, Probation Studies and allied disciplines of Criminology will also find it helpful....‘Offenders or Citizens?’ is an excellent book which I would wholeheartedly recommend.'
-Ray Crews, Senior Probation Officer, London Probation Trust, in European Journal of Probation vol 4 no 1 p130-132
'This is a splendid collection of readings that takes the reader on a metaphorical journey through 120 years of rehabilitation within the criminal justice system.'
'This selection of readings will, I believe, infuse and fuel debate. It offers encouragement that rehabilitation remains a key factor in protecting communities and changing behaviours and attitudes of offenders, and that it requires a collaborative approach that involves a range of individuals and groups – not least the offender. Highly recommended and an enjoyable, inspirational read.'
-Mark Nicholson, Area Manager, Probation Board for Northern Ireland, in the Irish Probation Journal vol 8 Oct 2011
'As a probation practitioner who retains an ongoing interest in the theoretical side of the work I would certainly recommend this book. For those interested in rehabilitation the collection provides an excellent introduction, covering a wide range of perspectives and developments. However, this book does far more than simply appraise the reader of the relevant issues. Whilst Parts One and Two provide an interesting and necessary historical context to the present, Part Three is an invitation to engage with current ideas and partake in the process of rescuing rehabilitation as a legitimate response to crime.Within the National Probation Service at present there is much talk of the rise of professional judgement and an increasing focus on ‘payment by results’ with a view to driving innovation and development. In such a context it is important that those interested in rehabilitation make their voices heard. This book goes some way to providing both the knowledge and inspiration required for such a task.'
-Jon Mathews, Probation Officer, Wales Probation Trust in Probation Journal, vol 59 no 2 p171-173