This book analyzes and assesses theories of democracy emanating from studies in a variety of disciplines, and proposes answers to a wide range of questions in moral and political philosophy, philosophy of law and democratic theory. Taken together, these answers constitute the basis for a theory that justifies political democracy.
Part 1: Decisions and Procedures Part 2: Procedural Fairness and Equality 1. Majority Rule and Fairness 2. Procedural Fairness and Justification 3. Possible Replies and Further Considerations Conclusions Part 3: Participation 1. Background: Schumpeter and the Revisionists 2. Participation Theory 3. Problems and Questions 4. Self Government, Consent and Authorization 5. Equal Rights to Participate 6. Participation and Virtue Conclusions Part 4: Popular Sovereignty 1. Arrow’s Theorem 2. The Relevance of Arrow’s Theorem 3. An Alternative Approach 4. Why Popular Sovereignty? 5. Some Consequences Part 5: Economic Theories 1. An Example of Economic Analysis: The Intensity Problem 2. Buchanan and Tullock’s Rationale for Democracy 3. Internal Criticism 4. External Criticism Part 6: Open Government and Just Legislation: A Defense of Democracy 1. Dahl on Madison 2. Morality and Just Government 3. A Conception of Morality 4. Democracy and Just Government: Mill’s Argument 5. Summary, Objections and Qualifications 6. Comparisons and Contrasts Part 7: Law and Morality: The Problem of Political Obligation 1. Law and Morality 2. An Act Utilitarian View 3. The Content of Morality and the Interpretation of Law 4. Secondary Principles of Obligation