One- and Two-Dimensional Fluids: Properties of Smectic, Lamellar and Columnar Liquid Crystals, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

One- and Two-Dimensional Fluids

Properties of Smectic, Lamellar and Columnar Liquid Crystals, 1st Edition

By Antal Jakli, A. Saupe

CRC Press

352 pages | 186 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9780750309691
pub: 2006-05-30
Currently out of stock
$230.00
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429141584
pub: 2006-05-30
from $28.98


FREE Standard Shipping!

Description

Smectic and lamellar liquid crystals are three-dimensional layered structures in which each layer behaves as a two-dimensional fluid. Because of their reduced dimensionality they have unique physical properties and challenging theoretical descriptions, and are the subject of much current research. One- and Two-Dimensional Fluids: Properties of Smectic, Lamellar and Columnar Liquid Crystals offers a comprehensive review of these phases and their applications.

The book details the basic structures and properties of one- and two-dimensional fluids and the nature of phase transitions. The later chapters consider the optical, magnetic, and electrical properties of special structures, including uniformly and non-uniformly aligned anisotropic films, lyotropic lamellar systems, helical and chiral structures, and organic anisotropic materials. Topics also include typical and defective features, magnetic susceptibility, and electrical conductivity. The book concludes with a review of current and potential applications in the displays, materials science, and biomedical industries.

Rather than focusing on one aspect of liquid crystal research, this book provides a cohesive summary of the properties and applications of smectic, lamellar, and columnar liquid crystals. One- and Two-Dimensional Fluids is a valuable resource for those working with liquid crystals every day and an effective foundation for newcomers to the field.

Reviews

". . . I really like this book. Antal Jkli and the late Alfred Saupe have compiled a refreshing new introduction to the properties of liquid crystals and related soft matter systems by looking beyond the traditional sub-fields of this research area and by bringing together thermotropic calmitic and discotic phases with lyotropic phases and more exotic structures. I will certainly recommend this book for my soft matter physics course, and I believe that this text should be on the shelves of every library of research groups concerned with any aspect of liquid crystals research."

– Ingo Dierking, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, in Liquid Crystals Today, June 2009, Vol. 18, No. 1

Table of Contents

LIQUID CRYSTAL MATERIALS

Thermotropic Liquid Crystalline Materials

Lyotropic Liquid Crystals

Other Lyotropic Phases

Amphotropic Liquid Crystals

FLUIDS WITH REDUCED DIMENSIONALITY

Surfaces Effects on Anisotropic Fluids

Fluid Monolayers

Soap Films

Smectic Membranes

Fluid Foams

Fluid Fibers

PHASE TRANSITIONS

Transition between the Minimal Surfaces of Soap Films

Landau Description of Phase Transitions

The I-N Transition

Molecular Approaches

RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

Nematic Liquid Crystals

Cholesteric Liquid Crystals

Rheology of Smectic Liquid Crystals

Rheology of Columnar Liquid Crystals

Lyotropic Lamellar Systems

Soap Membranes

Rheology of Foams

Rheology at Surfaces

OPTICS OF ANISOTROPIC MATERIALS

Achiral Materials

Helical and Chiral Structures

Experimental Methods to Measure Refractive Index and Birefringence

DEFECT STRUCTURES

Nematic Liquid Crystals

Smectic and Lamellar Liquid Crystals

Cholesteric Liquid Crystals

Defect Phases

Defect-Mediated Phase Transitions

MAGNETIC PROPERTIES

Isotropic Materials

Magnetic Properties of Liquid Crystals

Magnetic Field-Induced Director Deformation

Magnetic Effects in Liquid Crystals

Measurements of the Magnetic Susceptibility

Measurements of the Anisotropy of the Magnetic Susceptibility

ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES

Dielectrics

Relations between Microscopic and Macroscopic Parameters

Dielectric Spectroscopy

Dielectric Torque

Electric Conductivity

Piezoelectricity

Flexoelectricity

Ferroelectricity

APPLICATIONS

Liquid Crystal Displays

Nondisplay Liquid Crystal Applications

Lyotropic Liquid Crystals and Life

Appendix A: Chemicals

Basics of Organic Chemistry

Surfactants

Appendix B: Rheology of Condensed Matters

Appendix C: Symmetry at Work

Elastic Constants of 3D Anisotropic Fluids

Piezoelectric Components in Anisotropic Systems

Appendix D: Dielectric Spectroscopy

Dielectric Relaxation

Dielectric Measurements Techniques

Index

* All Chapters Contain References

About the Series

Condensed Matter Physics

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics