One Health Science, politics and zoonotic disease in Africa
Zoonotic diseases – pathogens transmitted from animals to people – offer particularly challenging problems for global health institutions and actors, given the complex social-ecological dynamics at play. New forms of risk caused by unprecedented global connectivity and rapid social and environmental change demand new approaches. ‘One Health’ highlights the need for collaboration across sectors and disciplines to tackle zoonotic diseases. However, there has been little exploration of how social, political and economic contexts influence efforts to ‘do’ One Health.
This book fills this gap by offering a much needed political economy analysis of zoonosis research and policy. Through ethnographic, qualitative and quantitative data, the book draws together a diverse number of case studies. These include chapters exploring global narratives about One Health operationalization and prevailing institutional bottlenecks; the evolution of research networks over time; and the histories and politics behind conflicting disease control approaches. The themes from these chapters are further contextualized and expanded upon through country-specific case studies – from Kenya, Zambia, Nigeria, Ghana and Sierra Leone – exploring the translation of One Health research and policy into the African context.
This book is a valuable resource for academic researchers, students and policy practitioners in the areas of global health, agriculture and development.
1. Unpacking the Politics of Zoonosis Research and Policy Kevin Bardosh
2. Global Narratives: The Political Economy of One Health Victor Galaz, Melissa Leach and Ian Scoones
3. Knowledge Flows in One Health: The Evolution of Scientific Collaboration Networks Sophie Valeix, Christian Stein and Kevin Bardosh
4. Contested Histories: Power and Politics in Trypanosomiasis Control Ian Scoones
5. The Limits of Rapid Response: Ebola and Structural Violence in West Africa Kevin Bardosh, Melissa Leach and Annie Wilkinson
6. Stepping Towards a Policy Response to Rift Valley Fever: Pastoralists and Epidemic Preparedness in Kenya Erik Millstone, Hannington Odame, Oscar Okumu and Kevin Bardosh
7. Beyond Biosecurity: The Politics of Lassa Fever in Sierra Leone Annie Wilkinson
8. Responding to Uncertainty: Bats and the Construction of Disease Risk in Ghana Linda Waldman, Audrey Gadzekpo and Hayley MacGregor
9. Whose Knowledge Matters? Trypanosomiasis Policy-making in Zambia Catherine Grant, Neil Anderson and Noreen Machila
10. Living Laboratories: The Politics of ‘Doing’ Brucellosis Research in Northern Nigeria Marie Ducrotoy, Anna Okello, Susan Welburn and Kevin Bardosh
11. Imagined Futures: New Directions for One Health Kevin Bardosh
"The book is a pleasure to read with its detailed and clear case studies, and this is in large part because the co-authors, highly respected in their field, are social scientists who effectively use and describe the research techniques that are often unknown, and sometimes wrongly discounted by those health workers who are working to prevent and control emerging infections… This book is a must read for those who want to learn more about one health in general, and Africa in particular." - David L. Heymann, The Lancet
"In principle, One Health champions an ecological agenda that counterbalances a top heavy and well-funded biosecurity agenda driven by fear. One Health is directed toward gaining the trust of populations whose livelihood depends on the health of their animals, creating partnerships, and winning the peace as distinct from preparing for wars against (re)emerging diseases. This book is timely and evocative. The authors move beyond One Health rhetoric and call for a critical and realistic assessment of what One Health can become given the complex world of biopolitics, special interest groups, funding flows, professional hierarchies, power relations and the politics of governance." – Mark Nichter, University of Arizona, USA
"This book makes a significant contribution to the One Health movement by showing the added value of the social sciences in advancing closer cooperation between human and animal health in Africa. It nicely shows the need to understand both zoonoses and health as an outcome of complex social-ecological systems, and the importance of political analysis for lasting solutions." – Jakob Zinsstag, Human and Animal Health Research Unit, Swiss TPH, Switzerland
"Since humans domesticated themselves and animals in the Neolithic, plagues of people and animals have been a recurring phenomenon. Plagues are tail events: the low probability of a given plague, the high potential impact, and the dread associated with novel disease means plagues cannot be simply dealt with as medical events. This book brings political and social analysis to shed light on current and coming plagues." – Delia Grace, International Livestock Research Institute, Kenya
"In this insightful critique, Bardosh and colleagues show how politics, economics, and rhetoric intersect in the "One Health" movement. They argue powerfully that socio-political forces have shaped research and policy on zoonoses, and that acknowledging this reality will inspire more effective, respectful, and lasting solutions in Africa and beyond." – Tony L. Goldberg, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
"In a captivating narrative, Bardosh and others broaden the horizon of One Health by exploring the political economy of emerging and endemic zoonotic disease research and policy development, and by bridging bio- and social science realms. A must read for all present and future One Health practitioners!" – Katinka de Balogh, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Italy
"This book on One Health examines how power and politics are interwoven into science and policy. It reveals how One Health - if grounded in an understanding of the complex social relationships that pervade our world - can build resilient and effective systems that sustain healthier people, animals, and ecologies into the future. The case studies give practical advice on how to break down institutional and disciplinary silos in building a more resilient global society. It is social and political analysis at its best!" – Paul Gibbs, University of Florida, USA
"Policy direction is at the heart of many disease problems in Africa. This book provides a thorough and honest analysis of the issues in using a One Health approach to harmonize different policy direction in solving health problems. It helps bridge the gap between biomedical and social scientists, and provides conceptual light on how to advance better control or eradication program implementation." – Charles Waiswa, Makerere University, Uganda
"Alongside compelling case studies, this book provides conceptual and practical evidence on the need to understand the interplay between political, social and environmental determinants for zoonotic disease. As the authors make clear, doing so can help us overcome the challenges of effective research and policy implementation, while placing health equity, sustainability and the needs of the poor at the heart of global health." – Johannes Sommerfeld, Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), Switzerland
As stated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, One Health is the concept that human health is directly linked to the health of animals and the environment. Thus, collaborative approaches among veterinarians, ecologists, physicians, and public health practitioners are needed to address public health threats. In this volume, the editor provides a comprehensive background for the development and evolution of collaborative approaches to managing disease outbreaks. However, instead of focusing on the development and success of the One Health approach, contributing authors provide evidence of disconnects among policy makers, scientists, and people affected by disease. Therefore, the contributors often argue for an expanded role of political and social scientists in the One Health narrative. The book tends to use terminology typical of health practitioners and ecological professionals. This deems the work appropriate for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, researchers, and health professionals working in or interested in disease outbreaks and public health issues and the social and political implications for control of disease.
--K. R. Thompson, Missouri State University , December 2016 issue of CHOICE