Ontological Entanglements, Agency and Ethics in International Relations
Exploring the Crossroads
While the relevance of ontological commitments for epistemology and methodology in International Relations have been the subject of growing debate for several years, the implications for ethics and political agency of embracing an ontology of entanglement have remained unexplored. This work focuses on the importance of addressing the ontological and epistemological assumptions of the discipline of International Relations.
There is increased awareness of the limits of abstract principles as ways of adjudicating real life political and ethical choices regarding International Intervention and international development for both practitioners and scholars. The work challenges IR prevailing ontological imaginaries rooted upon Newtonian physics and argues that non-substantialist ontological positions nurture a political ethos that privileges ‘modest’ engagements of practical solidarity and weights political choices with regard to the consequences and distributive effects they may produce in the context where they are made rather than based upon their universal normative aspirations. While the book is firmly rooted in metatheory, Zanotti also highlights the easiness with which political failures are dismissed as unintended consequences and argues that the current crisis in Syria, and genocides in Srebrenica and Rwanda have shown that advocating abstract ethical principles, be they the Responsibility to Protect, impartiality, or following rules can lead to disaster and can foster violent and exclusionary practices. She also exemplifies how an alternative ethos can be practiced through the example of an international NGO in Haiti.
Highlighting the need for critically re-thinking the way we conceptualize political agency and validate ethics, this work will be of interest to scholars of International Relations theory, ethics and critical security studies.
Table of Contents
Introduction. 1. Questioning substantialism in unsuspected places: anarchy, empire and the power of ideas. 2. Re-thinking causality and structures: the critical materialist position. 3. Quantum entanglements: intra agential agency and the ethos of practice. 4. Entangled agency: re-thinking subjects and power. 5. Entangled norms: archives, the non-transparency of meaning and ethics. 6. Intra-agential realism and the relevance of International Relations for practice. 7. Imagining an intra-agential ethos.8. Relying on abstractions, relinquishing responsibility: Rwanda, Srebrenica, Haiti, Syria and other disasters. 9. Intra-agential agency, an ethos of responsibility and practical solidarity: providing medical care to the poor. Conclusions.
Laura Zanotti is Associate Professor at Virginia Tech, USA. Prior to joining academia Zanotti has worked in peacekeeping and peacebuilding at the United Nations.
"Zanotti’s rich conversation between quantum ontology and social theory reveals that more than theory is at stake in the shift from the Newtonian to the Quantum. She boldly invites her audience to rethink the world, how we know it and how we might change it. Ontological Entanglements, Agency and Ethics in International Relations is the full package – theoretical, empirical, critical, ethical and practical - and essential reading for scholars and practitioners who have questioned the relevance of the quantum shift." -- K.M. Fierke, University of St. Andrews, UK
"Laura Zanotti’s new book is a valuable contribution to the on-going discussions about the ethical and political implications of social-ontological claims. By combining insights from critical realism and Karen Barad’s notion of entanglement of matter and meaning, in part drawn from quantum physics, she elaborates a context- and situation sensitive approach to ethical and political responsibility in world politics, stressing the way we shape the world through our intra-actions and performativity." - Heikki Patomäki, University of Helsinki, Finland