The book examines some of the dilemmas surrounding Europe’s open borders, migrations, and identities through the prism of the Roma – Europe’s most dispersed and socially marginalised population. The volume challenges some of the myths surrounding the Roma as a ‘problem population’, and places the focus instead on the context of European policy and identity debates. It comes to the conclusion that the migration of Roma and the constitution of their communities is shaped by European policy as much as, and often more so, than by the cultural traits of the Roma themselves. The chapters compare case studies of Roma migrants in Spain, Italy, France, and Britain and the impact of migration on the origin communities in Romania. The study combines historical and ethnographic methods with insights from migration studies, drawing on a unique multi-site collaborative project that for the first time gave Roma participants a voice in shaping research into their communities.
1. How Open Borders Can Unlock Cultures: Concepts, Methods, and Procedures, (Daniele Viktor Leggio and Yaron Matras)
2. Romania’s Roma: A Socio-historical Overview, (Henriette Asséo, Petre Petcuţ & Leonardo Piasere)
3. Romanian Roma at Home: Mobility Patterns, Migration Experiences, Networks, and Remittances, (Stefánia Toma, Cătălina Tesăr & László Fosztó)
4. Founder Effects and Transnational Mutations: The Familial Structure of a Romani Diaspora, (Juan F. Gamella, Giuseppe Beluschi-Fabeni, Elisabeth Gómez Oehler & Vasile Muntean)
5. Romanian Roma Migration to Italy: Improving the Capacity to Aspire, (Stefania Pontrandolfo)
6. Life and Death of a French Shantytown: An Anthropology of Power, (Grégoire Cousin)
7. Community Identity and Mobilisation: Roma Migrant Experiences in Manchester, (Yaron Matras and Daniele Viktor Leggio)