Optical Astronomical Spectroscopy: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Optical Astronomical Spectroscopy

1st Edition

By C.R. Kitchin

CRC Press

288 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Paperback: 9780750303460
pub: 1995-01-01
$83.95
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Hardback: 9781138406292
pub: 2017-07-27
$195.00
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Description

A concise introduction, Optical Astronomical Spectroscopy appeals to the newcomer of astronomical spectroscopy and assumes no previous specialist knowledge. Beginning from the physical background of spectroscopy with a clear explanation of energy levels and spectroscopic notation, the book proceeds to introduce the main techniques of optical spectroscopy and the range of instrumentation that is available. With clarity and directness, it then describes the applications of spectroscopy in modern astronomy, such as the solar system, stars, nebulae, the interstellar medium, and galaxies, giving an immediate appeal to beginners.

Reviews

"…well worth adding to one's astronomical library … would recommend it to others with little hesitation."

- Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada

Table of Contents

Preface

Atomic Processes

INTRODUCTION TO SPECTROSCOPY

Historical background

Types of spectroscopy

THE PHYSICS OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES

Sommerfeld's refinements

Space quantization

Atomic structure

Other viewpoints

Quantum/wave mechanics

ATOMIC ENERGY LEVELS

Multiple electron atoms

^IL-S coupling

Space quantization

Term formation

Closed shells and subshells

Notation

Hyperfine structure

TRANSITIONS

Basics

Selection rules

Transition probabilities

Absorption and emission coefficients

Ionization and recombination

X-ray spectra

SPECTRA OF MOLECULES

Introduction

Rotational transitions

Vibrational transitions

Electronic transitions

RADIATION IN THE PRESENCE OF FIELDS

Zeeman effect

Stark effect

Free-free radiation

Synchrotron and gyrosynchrotron radiation

Cerenkov radiation

The Faraday effect

SPECTROSCOPY OF SOLID MATERIALS

ASTRONOMICAL SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES

OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPES

Introduction

Diffraction gratings

Grating problems

Diffraction grating spectroscopes

Prisms

Prism spectroscopes

Fourier transform spectroscope (Michelson interferometer)

Fabry-P^D'erot etalons

SPECIALIZED OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES FOR ASTRONOMY

Introduction

Detectors

Guiding

Widening

Image dissectors

Dekkers

Long slit spectroscopy

Comparison spectra

Flexure

Temperature

Exposures

EXAMPLES OF OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPES

Introduction

A small basic spectroscope

A conventional Cassegrain spectroscope

Transmission grating spectroscopes

Coud^D'e spectroscopes

A GRISM-based spectroscope

Multi-object spectroscopes

An echelle grating spectroscope

Infrared spectroscopes

Spacecraft-borne spectroscopes

Fabry-P^D'erot spectroscopes

Fourier transform spectroscopes

Objective prism spectroscopes

The future

Spectroscopy of astronomical sources

SPECTRAL CLASSIFICATION

Spectral class

The non-core classes

The luminosity class

RADIAL VELOCITIES

Introduction

Traditional approach to radial velocity determination

Objective prism spectra

Machine-readable spectra

Griffin's method

Line identification

SPECTROPHOTOMETRY

Introduction

Spectral calibration

Photometric calibration

Line strengths

Line broadening

Pressure broadening

Doppler broadening

Magnetic fields

Other effects

STARS

Introduction

Distance

Temperature

Element abundances

Variable stars

The Sun

PLANETS AND OTHER MINOR BODIES OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM

Introduction

Planetary atmospheres and comets

Planetary surfaces

Rotation

NEBULAE AND THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIUM

Nebulae

The interstellar medium

EXTRA-GALACTIC OBJECTS

Introduction

Distances

Spectra

Ages

Sizes

Background radiation

APPENDICES

Conversion formulae

Term formation of equivalent electrons

Bibliography

Constants

Index

About the Series

Series in Astronomy and Astrophysics

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI005000
SCIENCE / Astrophysics & Space Science
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics