1st Edition

Optical Nano and Micro Actuator Technology

Edited By George K. Knopf, Yukitoshi Otani Copyright 2013
    664 Pages 448 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    In Optical Nano and Micro Actuator Technology, leading engineers, material scientists, chemists, physicists, laser scientists, and manufacturing specialists offer an in-depth, wide-ranging look at the fundamental and unique characteristics of light-driven optical actuators. They discuss how light can initiate physical movement and control a variety of mechanisms that perform mechanical work at the micro- and nanoscale.

    The book begins with the scientific background necessary for understanding light-driven systems, discussing the nature of light and the interaction between light and NEMS/MEMS devices. It then covers innovative optical actuator technologies that have been developed for many applications. The book examines photoresponsive materials that enable the design of optically driven structures and mechanisms and describes specific light-driven technologies that permit the manipulation of micro- and nanoscale objects. It also explores applications in optofluidics, bioMEMS and biophotonics, medical device design, and micromachine control.

    Inspiring the next generation of scientists and engineers to advance light-driven technologies, this book gives readers a solid grounding in this emerging interdisciplinary area. It thoroughly explains the scientific language and fundamental principles, provides a holistic view of optical nano and micro actuator systems, and illustrates current and potential applications of light-driven systems.

    Introduction to Optical Actuation
    Light-Driven and Optically Actuated Technologies, George K. Knopf
    Nature of Light, Suwas K. Nikumb and M. Chandra Sekhar

    Photoresponsive Materials
    Fundamentals of Molecular Photoactuation, Timothy J. Kucharski and Roman Boulatov
    Photo-Mechanical Azo Polymers for Light-Powered Actuation and Artificial Muscles, Zahid Mahimwalla, Kevin G. Yager, Jun-ichi Mamiya, Atsushi Shishido, and Christopher J. Barrett
    Photostrictive Microactuators, Kenji Uchino
    Science and Applications of Photomechanical Actuation of Carbon Nanostructures, Balaji Panchapakesan
    Light-Induced Phase Transition of Gels for Smart Functional Elements, Atsushi Suzuki

    Harnessing Light and Optical Forces
    Optical and Optoelectronic Tweezers, Arash Jamshidi, Steven L. Neale, and Ming C. Wu
    Design of Optically Driven Microrotors, Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Theodor Asavei, Alexander B. Stilgoe, Vincent L.Y. Loke, Robert Vogel, Timo A. Nieminen, and Norman R. Heckenberg
    Optically Driven Microfluidic Devices Produced by Multiphoton Microfabrication, Shoji Maruo
    On-Demand Holographic Optical Tweezers, Johtaro Yamamoto and Toshiaki Iwai

    Optically Driven Systems
    Photothermal Actuation, Yukitoshi Otani
    Light-Driven Micro- and Nanofluidic Systems, George K. Knopf and Khaled Al-Aribe
    Optical NEMS and MEMS, Chengkuo Lee and Kah How Koh
    Integrated Optofluidics and Optomechanical Devices Manufactured by Femtosecond Lasers, Yves Bellouard, Ali A. Said, Mark Dugan, and Philippe Bado
    Multiscale, Hierarchical Integration of Soft Polymer Micro- and Nanostructures into Optical MEMS, Katsuo Kurabayashi, Nien-Tsu Huang, and Yi-Chung Tung

    Applications of Optical Actuation
    Biophotonics and Its Applications in Lab-on-a-Chip or BioMEMS Platforms, Peipei Jia and Jun Yang
    Light-Driven Optical Scanner for Fiber-Optic Endoscope, Hiroshi Toshiyoshi
    Light-Activated and Powered Shape Memory Alloy, Hideki Okamura
    Optically Driven Microrobotics, Yukitoshi Otani
    Light Propulsion Systems for Spacecraft, Bernd Dachwald
    Perspectives on Light-Driven Actuators, George K. Knopf and Yukitoshi Otani



    George K. Knopf is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering at the University of Western Ontario (Canada). His current research interests include intelligent systems for design, 3D shape reconstruction, laser microfabrication, biosensor design and manufacture, optical microactuation, and bioelectronic imaging arrays. He has contributed to the development of intelligent systems for engineering design including studies on the characterization of micro geometry flaws in product data exchange, efficient packing of 3D parts for layered manufacturing, and the adaptive reconstruction of complex freeform surfaces.

    Yukitoshi Otani is an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering at the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (Japan). His current research interests include optomechatronics, optical actuator and manipulator, varifocus lens, 3D profilometry by Moire topography and interferometry, scatterometry, birefringence mapping, polatization, and polarimetry. Dr. Otani has contributed to the development of novel measurement techniques in polarization engineering based on birefringence, Stokes parameters, and Mueller matrix.