Optical Properties and Remote Sensing of Inland and Coastal Waters: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Optical Properties and Remote Sensing of Inland and Coastal Waters

1st Edition

By Robert P. Bukata, John H. Jerome, Alexander S. Kondratyev, Dimitry V. Pozdnyakov

CRC Press

384 pages

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Hardback: 9780849347542
pub: 1995-09-25
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Optical Properties and Remote Sensing of Inland and Coastal Waters discusses the methodology and the theoretical basis of remote sensing of water. It presents physical concepts of aquatic optics relevant to remote sensing techniques and outlines the problems of remote measurements of the concentrations of organic and inorganic matter in water. It also details the mathematical formulation of the processes governing water-radiation interactions and discusses the development of bio-optical models to incorporate optically complex bodies of water into remote sensing projects.

Optical Properties and Remote Sensing of Inland and Coastal Waters derives and evaluates the interrelationships among inherent optical properties of natural water, water color, water quality, primary production, volume reflectance spectra, and remote sensing. This timely and comprehensive text/reference addresses the increasing tendency toward multinational and multidisciplinary climate studies and programs.

Table of Contents

Introductory Theory

Aquatic Optics

The Nature of Electromagnetic Radiation and Light

Radiance and Irradiance

Attenuation of Light in an Aquatic Medium

Spectral Albedo

Environmental Remote Sensing and Space Science

Remote Measurements Above Water

The Boundary Conditions of the Considered Problem

Incident Radiation

The Sun and Extraterrestrial Solar Radiation

Atmospheric Attenuation and Global Radiation

Stratospheric Ozone and Ultraviolet Solar Radiation


Diffuse Sky Radiation

Water Surface Albedo

The Propagation of Atmospheric Photon Fluxes into Natural Waters

Optical Classification of Natural Waters

Photon Interactions with the Air-Water Interface

The Impact of Wave Slope on Reflection from the Air-Water Interface

Satellite Sensor, Sunglint, and Curvature of the Earth

Apparent and Inherent Optical Properties of Natural Waters

Monte Carlo Simulations of Photon Propagation

Bulk and Specific Inherent Optical Properties

Dependence of the Underwater Light Field on Solar Zenith Angle and Sky Irradiance

Composition of Natural Waters

The Aquatic Food Chain (Trophic Levels)

Pure Water

Dissolved Salts and Gases

Dissolved Organic Matter

Suspended Matter

Air Bubbles

Cumulative Optical Impact of the Aquatic Components

The Impact of Chlorophyll, Suspended Minerals, and Dissolved Organic Carbon on Volume Reflectance

Optical Cross Sections

Multi-Component Optical Model for Natural Waters

Impact of Chlorophyll on Volume Reflectance Spectra

Impact of Suspended Minerals on Volume Reflectance Spectra

Impact of Dissolved Organic Matter on Volume Reflectance Spectra

Volume Reflectance in Non-Case I Water Bodies Containing Moderate to High Concentrations of Dissolved Organic Matter

Volume Reflectance at a Single Wavelength

Deconvolving the Aquatic Organic and Inorganic Components from the Volume Reflectance Spectra

Multivariate Optimization as a Means of Deconvolving the Aquatic Organic and Inorganic Concentrations From the Volume Reflectance Spectra

Chromaticity and the Colour of Natural Waters

Colour and Volume Reflectance

Photometric Units

Colorimetric System: Chromaticity

Chromaticity as a Means of Estimating Aquatic Component Concentrations

Chromaticity and Remote Sensing

Observations of Optical Properties of Natural Waters (The Laurentian Great Lakes)

Introductory Remarks

The Secchi Disk and Attenuation of Subsurface Irradiance

Beam Transmission, T(l,z)

The Nepheloid Layer

Irradiance Attenuation Coefficient for PAR

Photosynthetic Usable Radiation, PUR

Photic Depth

Spectral Band Values of Irradiance Attenuation Coefficients

Subsurface Sighting Range

The Trophic Status of Natural Water

Optics and the Status of the Great Lakes

Remote Sensing Over Natural Water

Upwelling Radiation Through the Air-Water Interface

Accounting for Atmospheric Intervention

Radiative Transfer Models

Existing Atmospheric Correction Models

A Thematic Mapper Illustration

Remote Sensing of Water Quality Parameters

A Very Brief Inventory of Environmental Satellites

Primary Production in Natural Water


Phytoplankton Photosynthesis (Primary Production)

Remotely Estimating Phytoplankton Photosynthesis

Phytoplankton Primary Production from Estimates of Aquatic Chlorophyll

Chlorophyll and Biomass of Ocean Waters

Chlorophyll and Biomass of Inland and Coastal Waters

Protocol for Remotely Estimating Primary Production in Non-Case I Waters

Available Light for Photochemical and Photobiological Activity

An Example of Primary Production in Ladoga Lake

Aquatic Remote Sensing in Regional and Global Environmental Monitoring

Ecosystems at Risk

Satellites and Global Change

Satellites and Hydrology

Climate Change

Effects of Enhanced UV-B on Phytoplankton Photosynthesis

Global Water Bodies and the Gaia Hypothesis

Remote Sensing and Water Quality

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Optics
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems