1st Edition

Optical Properties of Nanostructures

By Ying Fu, Min Qiu Copyright 2011
    328 Pages 118 B/W Illustrations
    by Jenny Stanford Publishing

    This book discusses electrons and photons in and through nanostructures by the first-principles quantum mechanical theories and fundamental concepts (a unified coverage of nanostructured electronic and optical components) behind nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, the material basis, physical phenomena, device physics, as well as designs and applications. The combination of viewpoints presented in the book can help foster further research and cross-disciplinary interaction needed to surmount the barriers facing future generations of technology design.

    Electrons in Nanostructures
    Atoms and Solids
    Crystalline Nature of Solids
    Electrons in Solid
    Eight-Band K ·Pmodel
    Envelop Function
    Effectivemass Approximation
    Dimensionality of Energy Density of States

    Light-Matter Interactions
    Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory
    Electromagnetic Field
    Generalized Golden Rule
    Light–Matter Interaction
    Optical Spectrum

    Exciton and Exciton Photogeneration
    Quantum Confinement in Nanoparticles
    Effectivemass Theory of Exciton
    Exciton Binding Energy
    Optical Transition of Exciton
    Radiative and Nonradiative Recombinations
    Multiphoton Processes
    Auger Recombination and Impact Ionization

    Exciton Polariton
    Exciton Excitation
    Excitonic Polarization
    Damping Rate
    Microcavity and Four-Wave Mixing
    Excitonic Photonic Gap
    Qd Dimer System

    Optoelectronic Devices
    Light Emitting Diode
    Integrated Circuits
    Photon Storage
    Waveguides Andmodulators
    Quantum Optics

    Basics of Plasmonics
    Classical Electrodynamics in Matter
    Solid State Theory for Optical Constant Ofmetal
    Drude–Sommerfeld Model
    Surface Plasmon Polariton at One Interface
    Surface Plasmon–Polariton Coupled between Two Interfaces
    Finite-Width Sppwaveguide
    Numerical Approaches

    Surface Plasmonics Devices
    Passive Surface Plasmonics Devices
    Deep-Subwavelength Plasmonic Waveguide
    General Consideration
    Hybrid Plasmonic and Index-Guiding Waveguide
    Active Surface Plasmonics Devices
    Nanostructure Surface Plasmonics
    Barriers and Frontiers



    Ying Fu leads a biophotonics group at the Division of Theoretical Chemistry and Biology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden, focusing on semiconductor nanotechnologies of Si/Ge, III-V and II-VI nanoscale electronic and photonic devices and systems for applications in bio and medical fields. He is an active educator and researcher in the field and has published more than 200 papers.

    Min Qiu joined the Department of Microelectronics and Applied Physics at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, as an assistant professor. He became an associate professor in 2005 and a full professor (Professor of Photonics) in 2009. Prof. Qiu holds a Senior Researcher Fellowship from the Swedish Research Council. Currently, he leads the nanophotonics group at KTH.

    "This book offers an excellent insight into the optical property of functional nanostructures that is one of the frontiers of photonics, materials, physics, chemistry and nanotechnology. The elegant treatment of electrons and photons in nanostructures using the first-principles quantum mechanical theories, as well as the broad coverage from basic structures to passive components and active devices, makes it a unique reference for scientists and students interested in this area."
    —Prof. Limin Tong, Zhejiang University, China