Optical Properties of Nanostructures  book cover
1st Edition

Optical Properties of Nanostructures

ISBN 9789814303262
Published August 8, 2011 by Jenny Stanford Publishing
312 Pages 118 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This book discusses electrons and photons in and through nanostructures by the first-principles quantum mechanical theories and fundamental concepts (a unified coverage of nanostructured electronic and optical components) behind nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, the material basis, physical phenomena, device physics, as well as designs and applications. The combination of viewpoints presented in the book can help foster further research and cross-disciplinary interaction needed to surmount the barriers facing future generations of technology design.

Table of Contents

Electrons in Nanostructures
Atoms and Solids
Crystalline Nature of Solids
Electrons in Solid
Eight-Band K ·Pmodel
Envelop Function
Effectivemass Approximation
Dimensionality of Energy Density of States

Light-Matter Interactions
Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory
Electromagnetic Field
Generalized Golden Rule
Light–Matter Interaction
Optical Spectrum

Exciton and Exciton Photogeneration
Quantum Confinement in Nanoparticles
Effectivemass Theory of Exciton
Exciton Binding Energy
Optical Transition of Exciton
Radiative and Nonradiative Recombinations
Multiphoton Processes
Auger Recombination and Impact Ionization

Exciton Polariton
Exciton Excitation
Excitonic Polarization
Damping Rate
Microcavity and Four-Wave Mixing
Excitonic Photonic Gap
Qd Dimer System

Optoelectronic Devices
Light Emitting Diode
Integrated Circuits
Photon Storage
Waveguides Andmodulators
Quantum Optics

Basics of Plasmonics
Classical Electrodynamics in Matter
Solid State Theory for Optical Constant Ofmetal
Drude–Sommerfeld Model
Surface Plasmon Polariton at One Interface
Surface Plasmon–Polariton Coupled between Two Interfaces
Finite-Width Sppwaveguide
Numerical Approaches

Surface Plasmonics Devices
Passive Surface Plasmonics Devices
Deep-Subwavelength Plasmonic Waveguide
General Consideration
Hybrid Plasmonic and Index-Guiding Waveguide
Active Surface Plasmonics Devices
Nanostructure Surface Plasmonics
Barriers and Frontiers


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Ying Fu leads a biophotonics group at the Division of Theoretical Chemistry and Biology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden, focusing on semiconductor nanotechnologies of Si/Ge, III-V and II-VI nanoscale electronic and photonic devices and systems for applications in bio and medical fields. He is an active educator and researcher in the field and has published more than 200 papers.

Min Qiu joined the Department of Microelectronics and Applied Physics at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, as an assistant professor. He became an associate professor in 2005 and a full professor (Professor of Photonics) in 2009. Prof. Qiu holds a Senior Researcher Fellowship from the Swedish Research Council. Currently, he leads the nanophotonics group at KTH.


"This book offers an excellent insight into the optical property of functional nanostructures that is one of the frontiers of photonics, materials, physics, chemistry and nanotechnology. The elegant treatment of electrons and photons in nanostructures using the first-principles quantum mechanical theories, as well as the broad coverage from basic structures to passive components and active devices, makes it a unique reference for scientists and students interested in this area."
—Prof. Limin Tong, Zhejiang University, China