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Optics of Nanomaterials



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ISBN 9789814241090
Published December 31, 2010 by Jenny Stanford Publishing
330 Pages 67 Color & 92 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

While the chemistry, physics, and optical properties of simple atoms and molecules are quite well understood, this book demonstrates that there is much to be learned about the optics of nanomaterials. Through comparative analysis of the size-dependent optical response from nanomaterials, it is shown that although strides have been made in computational chemistry and physics, bridging length scales from nano to macro remains a major challenge. Organic, molecular, polymer, and biological systems are shown to be potentially useful models for assembly. Our progress in understanding the optical properties of biological nanomaterials is important driving force for a variety of applications.

Table of Contents

Fabrication and Classification of Nanomaterials

A Brief Overview of Basic Fabrication Techniques

Nanomaterials Based on Pure Carbon

Metallic and Metal-Based Nanoparticles

Semiconductor Nanoparticles

Assembled Nanoparticles and Nanostructures

Nanocomposites

Nanostructured and Nanocomposite Polymers

Biological Nanomaterials


Basics of Nanomaterials Optics

Electrons in a Quantum Well

Electrons under One-Dimensional Confinement

Particle in Spherically Symmetric Potential

Description of the Electromagnetic Field in Media

Semiclassical Theory of Linear Optical Response

Semiclassical Theory of Nonlinear Optical Response

Optical Response from First Principles

Effect of the Local Field in Classical Optics

Optical Local Field Effect from First Principles


Nanoscale Optics

Plasma Excitations in Optics

Plasmon Resonance in Spherical Nanoparticles

Effective Medium Approximations in Optics of Nanomaterials

Electromagnetic Field Enhancement in Metallic Nanostructures

Plasmons in Hollow Nanoparticles

Negative-Index Materials

Near-Field Optics


Optical Absorption and Fluorescence of Nanomaterials

Metallic Nanoparticles

Nanostructures Based on Metallic Alloys

Metallic Nanowires

Semiconductor Nanowires

Semiconductor Nanoparticles


Excitons in Quantum Confined Systems

Excitons in Bulk Materials

Two-Dimensional Excitons on Surfaces and Interfaces

One-Dimensional Excitons in Quantum Wires

Analysis of Excitons in Quantum Dots within Effective Mass Approximation

Excitons in Quantum Dots beyond Effective Mass Approximation

Experimental Studies of Excitons in Quantum Dots

Multiexcitons in Quantum Dots


Raman Spectroscopy of Nanomaterials

Basics of the Raman Scattering

Light Scattering Mechanisms

Raman Scattering of Quantum Dots

Exciton Raman Scattering

Effects of Quantum Confinement on Raman Spectra

Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Nanostructures

Electromagnetic Mechanism of SERS

ChemicalMechanism of SERS

Toward Microscopic Understanding of SERS


Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of Quantum Dots

Interaction of Quantized Optical Field with Atomic System

Rabi Oscillations

Dressed Electronic States

Quantum Dots in a Coherent Optical Field: Strong and Weak Coupling Conditions

Quantum Dots in Photonic Crystals

Optical Absorption of Quantum Dots in a Strong Coherent Field

Photoluminescence of Quantum Dots in a Strong Coherent Field


Nonlinear Optics of Nanomaterials and Nanostructures

Nonlinear Optical Response from Nanocrystals

Second Harmonic Generation from Surfaces and Interfaces

Electro-Optical Modulation Spectroscopy of Nanostructures

Plasma Resonance Enhancement of Nonlinear Optical Response in Nanostructures

Nonlinear Optics of Nanostructured Metamaterials


Optics of Organic Nanomaterials

Organic Molecules and Molecular Aggregates

Molecular Nanocrystals

Inorganic-Organic Nanocomposites

Nanocomposite Conjugated Polymers

Polymer-Based Nanostructures


Optics of Biological Nanomaterials

Optical Labeling of Biological Nanomaterials

Fluorescent Nanocrystals for Optical Labeling

Single-Molecule Fluorescence as Biolabels

Raman-Active Labels for Tissue Analysis

Surface Plasmon Resonance for Biosensing


Appendix A: Thomas–Fermi Approximation and Basics of the Density Functional Theory

Appendix B: Evaluation of Optical Functions within the Perturbation Theory

Appendix C: Local Field Effect in Optics of Solids from the First Principles

Appendix D: Optical Field Hamiltonian in Second Quantization Representation

Appendix E: Surface Plasmons and Surface Plasmon Polaritons

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Author(s)

Biography

Vladimir I. Gavrilenko

Reviews

"Vladimir Gavrilenko has developed an extremely useful book for scientists who are interested in the rapidly developing field of nanomaterials with emphasis on the optical properties of these materials. Of particular importance is that the book covers many different kinds of optical properties (linear and nonlinear, coherent and incoherent), and many different kinds of materials (carbon and silicon-based, metals, semiconductors, and biological nanomaterials). For each topic there is a careful discussion of fundamental theory as well as specific applications that have proven important to the development of the field. There are also extensive citations to recent papers."
—Prof. George C. Schatz, Northwestern University, USA