330 Pages 67 Color & 92 B/W Illustrations
    by Jenny Stanford Publishing

    While the chemistry, physics, and optical properties of simple atoms and molecules are quite well understood, this book demonstrates that there is much to be learned about the optics of nanomaterials. Through comparative analysis of the size-dependent optical response from nanomaterials, it is shown that although strides have been made in computational chemistry and physics, bridging length scales from nano to macro remains a major challenge. Organic, molecular, polymer, and biological systems are shown to be potentially useful models for assembly. Our progress in understanding the optical properties of biological nanomaterials is important driving force for a variety of applications.

    Fabrication and Classification of Nanomaterials

    A Brief Overview of Basic Fabrication Techniques

    Nanomaterials Based on Pure Carbon

    Metallic and Metal-Based Nanoparticles

    Semiconductor Nanoparticles

    Assembled Nanoparticles and Nanostructures


    Nanostructured and Nanocomposite Polymers

    Biological Nanomaterials

    Basics of Nanomaterials Optics

    Electrons in a Quantum Well

    Electrons under One-Dimensional Confinement

    Particle in Spherically Symmetric Potential

    Description of the Electromagnetic Field in Media

    Semiclassical Theory of Linear Optical Response

    Semiclassical Theory of Nonlinear Optical Response

    Optical Response from First Principles

    Effect of the Local Field in Classical Optics

    Optical Local Field Effect from First Principles

    Nanoscale Optics

    Plasma Excitations in Optics

    Plasmon Resonance in Spherical Nanoparticles

    Effective Medium Approximations in Optics of Nanomaterials

    Electromagnetic Field Enhancement in Metallic Nanostructures

    Plasmons in Hollow Nanoparticles

    Negative-Index Materials

    Near-Field Optics

    Optical Absorption and Fluorescence of Nanomaterials

    Metallic Nanoparticles

    Nanostructures Based on Metallic Alloys

    Metallic Nanowires

    Semiconductor Nanowires

    Semiconductor Nanoparticles

    Excitons in Quantum Confined Systems

    Excitons in Bulk Materials

    Two-Dimensional Excitons on Surfaces and Interfaces

    One-Dimensional Excitons in Quantum Wires

    Analysis of Excitons in Quantum Dots within Effective Mass Approximation

    Excitons in Quantum Dots beyond Effective Mass Approximation

    Experimental Studies of Excitons in Quantum Dots

    Multiexcitons in Quantum Dots

    Raman Spectroscopy of Nanomaterials

    Basics of the Raman Scattering

    Light Scattering Mechanisms

    Raman Scattering of Quantum Dots

    Exciton Raman Scattering

    Effects of Quantum Confinement on Raman Spectra

    Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Nanostructures

    Electromagnetic Mechanism of SERS

    ChemicalMechanism of SERS

    Toward Microscopic Understanding of SERS

    Coherent Optical Spectroscopy of Quantum Dots

    Interaction of Quantized Optical Field with Atomic System

    Rabi Oscillations

    Dressed Electronic States

    Quantum Dots in a Coherent Optical Field: Strong and Weak Coupling Conditions

    Quantum Dots in Photonic Crystals

    Optical Absorption of Quantum Dots in a Strong Coherent Field

    Photoluminescence of Quantum Dots in a Strong Coherent Field

    Nonlinear Optics of Nanomaterials and Nanostructures

    Nonlinear Optical Response from Nanocrystals

    Second Harmonic Generation from Surfaces and Interfaces

    Electro-Optical Modulation Spectroscopy of Nanostructures

    Plasma Resonance Enhancement of Nonlinear Optical Response in Nanostructures

    Nonlinear Optics of Nanostructured Metamaterials

    Optics of Organic Nanomaterials

    Organic Molecules and Molecular Aggregates

    Molecular Nanocrystals

    Inorganic-Organic Nanocomposites

    Nanocomposite Conjugated Polymers

    Polymer-Based Nanostructures

    Optics of Biological Nanomaterials

    Optical Labeling of Biological Nanomaterials

    Fluorescent Nanocrystals for Optical Labeling

    Single-Molecule Fluorescence as Biolabels

    Raman-Active Labels for Tissue Analysis

    Surface Plasmon Resonance for Biosensing

    Appendix A: Thomas–Fermi Approximation and Basics of the Density Functional Theory

    Appendix B: Evaluation of Optical Functions within the Perturbation Theory

    Appendix C: Local Field Effect in Optics of Solids from the First Principles

    Appendix D: Optical Field Hamiltonian in Second Quantization Representation

    Appendix E: Surface Plasmons and Surface Plasmon Polaritons


    Vladimir I. Gavrilenko

    "Vladimir Gavrilenko has developed an extremely useful book for scientists who are interested in the rapidly developing field of nanomaterials with emphasis on the optical properties of these materials. Of particular importance is that the book covers many different kinds of optical properties (linear and nonlinear, coherent and incoherent), and many different kinds of materials (carbon and silicon-based, metals, semiconductors, and biological nanomaterials). For each topic there is a careful discussion of fundamental theory as well as specific applications that have proven important to the development of the field. There are also extensive citations to recent papers."
    —Prof. George C. Schatz, Northwestern University, USA