Optimization of Industrial Unit Processes  book cover
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2nd Edition

Optimization of Industrial Unit Processes





ISBN 9780367400262
Published September 23, 2019 by CRC Press
432 Pages

 
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Book Description

In Optimization of Industrial Unit Processes, the term "optimization" means the maximizing of productivity and safety while minimizing operating costs. In a fully optimized plant, efficiency and productivity are continuously maximized while levels, temperatures, pressures, or flows float within their allowable limits. This control philosophy differs from earlier approaches - where levels and temperatures were controlled at constant values, and plant productivity was only an accidental, uncontrolled consequence of those controlled variables. With this approach, the sides of a multivariable control envelope are the various constraints while inside the envelope the process is continuously moved to maximize efficiency and productivity. Because one must understand a process before one can control it (let alone optimize it), Optimization of Industrial Unit Processes discusses the "personality" and characteristics of each process in term of its time constants, gains, and other unique features. This book provides information for engineers who design or operate industrial plants and who seek to increase the profitability of their plants. It recognizes that all industrial processes involve operations such as material transportation, heat transfer, and reactions. Therefore each plant consists of a combination of basic unit operations and can be optimized by maximizing the efficiency, and minimizing the operating cost, of the individual unit operations from which it is composed. Optimization of Industrial Unit Processes discusses real world processes - where pipes leak, sensors plug, and pumps cavitate - offering practical solutions to real problems. Each control system described in the book works, illustrating the state of the art in controlling a particular unit operation. This second edition reflects the continual improvement and evolution of control systems as well as anticipates future advances. Bela G. Liptak speaks on Post-Oil Energy Technology on the AT&T Tech Channel.

Table of Contents

Boilers
The Process
Basic Controls
Optimizing Controls
Conclusions
Chillers
The Process
Basic Controls
Optimizing Controls
Conclusions
Nomenclature
Clean Rooms
The Process
Basic Controls of Subzones
Optimizing Controls
Conclusions
Compressors
The Process
Basic Controls
Optimizing Controls
Conclusions
Cooling Towers
The Process
Basic Controls
Optimizing Controls
Safety and Maintenance
Conclusions
CSTR and BSTR Reactors
The Process
Basic Controls
Batch Stirred Tank Reactors (BSTR)
Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTR)
Optimizing Controls
Reactor Safety
Dryers
The Process
Basic Controls (BATCH)
Optimizing Controls (BATCH)
Basic Controls (Continuous)
Optimizing Controls (Continuous)
Conclusions
Evaporators
The Process
Basic Controls
Optimizing Controls
Conclusions
Fans
The Process
Basic Controls
Optimizing Controls
Heat Exchangers
The Process
Basic Controls
Optimizing Controls
HVAC Systems
The Process
Basic Controls
Optimizing Controls
Conclusions
Pumps
The Process
Basic Controls
Optimizing Controls
Conclusions

...
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Author(s)

Biography

Bela G. Liptak