Optimizing Physical Performance During Fasting and Dietary Restriction: Implications for Athletes and Sports Medicine, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Optimizing Physical Performance During Fasting and Dietary Restriction

Implications for Athletes and Sports Medicine, 1st Edition

By Ezdine Bouhlel, Roy J. Shephard

CRC Press

301 pages | 8 Color Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781498725651
pub: 2015-08-18
SAVE ~$17.39
$86.95
$69.56
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429257926
pub: 2015-08-18
from $43.48


FREE Standard Shipping!

Description

Optimizing Physical Performance During Fasting and Dietary Restriction examines the effects of sustained fasting and food restrictions on metabolism and physical performance in athletes. It provides broad coverage including both religious and non-religious fasting and dietary restrictions.

This practical and evidence-based guide outlines recent findings from peer-reviewed literature as well as original experiments conducted by the authors, who are experts in the supervision of athletes during fasting. The book presents findings and information simply and clearly and also summarizes implications for athletes.

Written in an accessible style, each chapter reviews 30 to 100 investigations and also includes relevant citations, teaching objectives, definitions of key terms, summary of key points, practical implications for athletes, and questions for discussion

Reviews

"This book is unique in that it excels in incorporating recent peer-reviewed literature. The content is laid out in an easy to navigate maner, enabling readers to find their topics of interest using the index and subsections. This is a useful book for readers interested in learning more about how sports nutrition practices may be affecting athletic performance. It is unique in the way it is able to cover a broad range of topics that closely integrate how future assessment and implementation of training programs can result in different outcomes, supported by case studies and peer-reviewed literature."

-5 stars (100/100), Erik H. Van Iterson, PhD, MS, MBio (Mayo Clinic), Doody's Book Review Service

Table of Contents

Introduction: Characteristics of Fasting

Learning Objectives

Total Fasting and Dietary Restrictions

Intermittent Fasting during Ramadan

Fasting in the Greek Orthodox Church

Daniel Fasting

Focus of the Present Text

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Changes of Body Mass and Energy Balance during Fasting and Dietary Restriction

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Energy Balance

Body Stores of Energy and Fluids

Issue of Metabolic Ketosis

Severe Food Deprivation

Prolonged Moderate Food Restriction

Vegan-Type Dietary Restrictions

Restrictions of Fluid Intake

Intermittent (Ramadan) Fasting

Total Fasting

Dietary Guidelines

Other Practical Implications

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Carbohydrate Metabolism and Fasting

Learning Objectives

Nature of Carbohydrates and Normal Daily Requirements

Hormonal Mechanisms Regulating Anabolic and Catabolic Activities

Effects of Exercise Intensity and Duration on Carbohydrate Oxidation

Impact of Carbohydrate Supplements upon Physical Performance

Effect of Fasting and/or Dietary Restrictions on Carbohydrate Metabolism

Impact of Ramadan Observance on Carbohydrate Intake and Blood Glucose

Implications for Athletic Performance

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Mobilization and Utilization of Lipids during Dietary Restriction Conditions

Learning Objectives

Fat Metabolism under Non-Fasting Conditions

General Effects of Fasting upon Fat Metabolism

Practical Applications

Areas Requiring Further Research

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Protein Metabolism during Dietary Restriction

Learning Objectives

Normal Protein Needs of the Body

Mechanisms Regulating Anabolic and Catabolic Activity

Dietary Restrictions, Protein Intake and Catabolism

Changes in Body Composition with Dietary Restriction

Practical Implications

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Hydration and Fluid Restriction in Athletes

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Normal Regulation of Fluid Balance in Human Subjects

Methods of Assessing Dehydration

Effects of Water Deprivation

Effects of Repeated Moderate Fluid Restriction in Sedentary Individuals

Effects of Intermittent Fluid Restriction in Athletes

Practical Implications for the Muslim Athlete

Other Patterns of Fluid Depletion in Athletes

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Changes in Hormone Levels and Circadian Rhythms during Fasting

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Hormonal Adaptations to Exercise and Training

Metabolic and Hormonal Responses to Fasting

Hormonal Responses to the Intermittent Fasting of Ramadan

Changes in Exercise Hormonal Responses during Ramadan Observance

Ramadan Observance, Sleep Patterns and Circadian Rhythms

Practical Implications

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Oxidative Stress and Fasting

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Training and the Balance between Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Defenses

Dietary Modifications and Oxidative Stress

Oxidative Stress and Ramadan Intermittent Fasting

Dietary Restriction in Patients with Clinical Conditions

Dietary Restrictions and Oxidant Stress in Laboratory Animals

Practical Implications for Athletes

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Effects of Dietary and Fluid Restrictions upon Physical Performance, Cognition and Vigilance

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Anaerobic Performance

Aerobic Performance

Muscular Strength and Endurance

Psychomotor Performance

Areas Requiring Further Research

Practical Applications

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Nutritional Recommendations for Dietary Restriction

Learning Objectives

Introduction

Dieting and the Sedentary Person

Carbohydrate Requirements and Dietary Restriction

Lipid Requirements and Dietary Restriction

Protein Needs of the Athlete during Ramadan

Issues of Hydration

Antioxidant Supplementation during Fasting

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Tactics to Sustain Training and Competitive Performance during Fasting

Learning Objectives

Concepts Underlying Modern Training Techniques

Changes in Patterns of Training during Fasting or Dietary Restriction

Changes in Volume and Time of Training during Ramadan Observance

Practical Implications for Athletes

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Coping and Recovery Tactics during Fasting and Dietary Restriction

Learning Objectives

Recovery Mechanisms Following an Exercise Bout

Other Physical Recovery Techniques

Psychological Recovery and Mental Preparation

Rest, Napping and Sleeping during Fasting

Practical Implications for Athletes

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Further Reading

Miscellaneous Medical Issues during Dietary and Fluid Restriction

Learning Objectives

Dietary and Fluid Restrictions and Doping Control Measures

Dietary Restrictions and Prescribed Medication

Dietary Restrictions and General Health

Dietary Restrictions and the Risk of Injury

Restriction of Fluid Intake and Heat Stress

General Medical Advice

Conclusions

Key Terms

Questions for Discussion

References

Conclusions

About the Authors

Ezdine Bouhlel, PhD, is a professor of exercise physiology in the Higher School of Sport and Physical Education of Tunis at the University of Manouba in Tunisia. He is also a member of the Research Unit in Exercise Physiology and Pathophysiology of the Faculty of Medicine Ibn El Jazzar of Sousse at the University of Sousse in Tunisia.

Roy J. Shephard, MD, PhD, is a professor emeritus of applied physiology in the Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education at the University of Toronto in Canada.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HEA017000
HEALTH & FITNESS / Nutrition
MED084000
MEDICAL / Sports Medicine