Organ transplantation has been one of the miracles of modern-day medicine but, in addition to presenting enormous technical and clinical challenges, it throws up major ethical and legal issues principally from the perspective of the donor. Evolving capabilities in the spheres of both organ and tissue transplantation, coupled with rapidly-escalating demand, assert consistent and critical pressure on our ethical and legal principles and frameworks, including the expansion of the potential donor pool beyond the conventional categories of donor. This volume brings together seminal papers analyzing such matters in the context of an ever-increasingly important area of clinical practice.
'Organ and tissue transplantation continues to generate heated debate within the broad disciplines of medical law and medical ethics. For the first time here is a volume which will help to provoke, stimulate and promote ongoing debate by bringing together a wide selection of key sources and cutting edge materials within this important and developing area.' R.D. Mackay, De Montfort University, UK 'David Price is one of the leading international experts in the ethics and law of organ and tissue transplantation. This collection is a reflection of that expertise; timely, comprehensive and balanced yet simultaneously thought-provoking. It is an essential read for anyone interested in the issues or working in the field.' Heather Draper, University of Birmingham, UK
Contents: Series preface; Introduction. Part I Meaning of Death: Is it time to abandon brain death?, R. Truog; The importance of being dead: non-heart-beating organ donation, J. Menikoff. Part II The Body as Property: An alternative to property rights in human tissue, R. Marusyk and M.S. Swain; Living tissue and organ donors and property law: more on Moore, B.M. Dickens. Part III Commerce in Organ Procurement: Nephrarious goings on: kidney sales and moral arguments, J. Radcliffe-Richards; Why liberals should accept financial incentives for organ procurement, R.M. Veatch; Increasing the supply of transplant organs: the virtues of a futures market, L.R. Cohen; Money talks, money kills - the economics of transplantation in Japan and China, C. Becker. Part IV Cadaveric Organ and Tissue Donation: Freedom to choose and freedom to lose: the procurement of cadaver organs for transplantation, B. Hoffmaster; The moral duty to contribute and its implications for organ procurement policy, P.T. Menzel; The case for presumed consent to transplant human organs after death, C. Cohen; Presumed consent or contracting out, C.A. Erin and J. Harris; The failure to give: reducing barriers to organ donation, J.F. Childress; 2 steps to 3 choices: a new approach to mandated choice, S.E. Herz; Ethical issues in limb transplants, D. Dickenson and G. Widdershoven; On the ethics of facial transplantation, O. Wiggins, J. Barker, S. Martinez, M. Vossen, C. Maldonado, F. Grossi, C. FranÃ§ois, M. Cunningham, G. Perez-Abadia, M. Kon, J. Banis. Part V Living Donor Transplantation: Autonomy's limits: living donation and health-related harm, R. Sauder and L.S. Parker; Moral agency and the family; the case of living related organ transplantation, R.A. Crouch and C. Elliott; Organ donations by incompetents and the substituted judgment doctrine, J.A. Robertson. Part VI Specific Classes of Donors: Taking the camel by the nose: the anencephalic as a source for pediatric organ transplants, J.A. Friedman; A