This book provides a timely analysis and assessment of the potential of organic agriculture (OA) for rural development and the improvement of livelihoods. It focuses on smallholders in developing countries and in countries of economic transition, but there is also coverage of and comparisons with developed countries. It covers market-oriented approaches and challenges for OA as part of high value chains and as an agro-ecologically based development for improving food security. It demonstrates the often unrecognised roles that organic farming can play in climate change, food security and sovereignty, carbon sequestration, cost internalisations, ecosystems services, human health and the restoration of degraded landscapes.
The chapters specifically provide readers with:
- an overview of the state of research on OA from socio-economic, environmental and agro-ecological perspectives
- an analysis of the current and potential role of OA in improving livelihoods of farmers, in sustainable value chain development, and in implementation of agro-ecological methods
- proposed strategies for exploiting and improving the potential of OA and overcoming the constraints for further development
- a review of the strengths and weaknesses of OA in a sustainable development context
Preface. Niels Halberg and Adrian Muller. 1. Organic agriculture, livelihoods and development. Niels Halberg and Adrian Muller. 2. Consequences of organic agriculture for smallholder farmer's livelihood and food security. P. Panneerselvam, N. Halberg and S. Lockie. Case 1: Food security obtained through Farmer Family Learning Group approaches: Description of a project between Organic Denmark, NOGAMU and SATNET Uganda. Inge Lis Dissing, Jane Nalunga, Thaddeo Tibasiima, and Aage Dissing, Mette Vaarst. 3. Globalization of organic food chains and the environmental impacts. John E Hermansen, Marie T. Knudsen and Christian Schader. Case 2: Life cycle assessment (LCA) of organic orange juice imported from Brazil to Denmark: a case study. Marie Trydeman Knudsen, Niels Halberg, Gustavo Fonseca de Almeida, Lucimar Santiago de Abreu, Vibeke Langer and John E. Hermansen. 4. The use of agro-ecological methods in organic farming. Y.H. Qiao, N. Halberg and M. Oelofse. 5. The Potential of Organic Agriculture for Contributing to Climate Change Adaptation. Adrian Muller, Balgis Osman-Elasha and Lise Andreasen. Case 3: Carbon credits from organic agriculture: Experiences from Costa-Rica. Jonathan Castro and Manuel Amador. 6. Organic Agriculture Governance in the Global South: New Opportunities for Participation in Agricultural Development and Livelihood Outcomes. Kristen Lyons, Gomathy Palaniappan and Stewart Lockie. 7. The possibilities for inclusion of smallholder farmers in organic market chain development. Paul Rye Kledal, Frank Eyhorn, Bo van Elzakker and Elsio Antonio Pereira de Figueiredo. Case 4: Certified organic and fair trade impacts on smallholders livelihoods in Kandy case area- Sri Lanka. S. Vaheesan, K. Zoysa and N. Halberg. 8. Policies and Actions to Support Organic Agriculture Sofia Twarog. 9. Comparative institutional analyses of certified organic agriculture conditions in Brazil and China. Henrik Egelyng, Lucimar de Abreau, Luping Li and Maria Fernanda Fonseca. 10. The dynamics and recomposition of agroecology in Latin America. L.S. de Abreu and S. Bellon. 11. Research needs for development of organic agriculture in sub Saharan Africa. Charles Ssekyewa, Francisca George and Adrian Muller. Index
"The book is a pulse of conscious people who are in search of alternatives to the present unsustainable food and agriculture system. Provides enough food for thought to shift from the present exploitative, violent farming methods to compassionate and sustainable solutions." – Dr. A. Thimmaiah, Advisor (Organic Agriculture), Royal Government of Bhutan.
"Adding an important voice to the sustainable intensification discussion from the perspective of organic agriculture, this book provides a realistic and evidence-based perspective that explores the principles and advantages of organic farming methods, beginning by defining the meaning of ‘organic’ – what it is, and what it is not." – Chantel Davies, BES AeG Newsletter