Organic Mechanochemistry and Its Practical Applications: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Organic Mechanochemistry and Its Practical Applications

1st Edition

By Zory Vlad Todres

CRC Press

176 pages | 44 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9780849340789
pub: 2006-03-06
SAVE ~$46.00
$230.00
$184.00
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429127182
pub: 2006-03-06
from $28.98


FREE Standard Shipping!

Description

Organic Mechanochemistry and Its Practical Applications gathers physical and organic chemistry-based molecular principles, evolving interpretations of scientific data, and real world applications to demonstrate the synthetic advantages of mechanically initiated organic reactions. This book considers transformations of organic substances upon mechanical actions and explains how mechanical energy is transformed into chemical driving force.

The author, a renowned expert in physical and organic chemistry, carefully examines the concurrent chemical and physical processes—particularly polymerization and dynamic shearing—that involve organic substances and inorganic surfaces during lubrication. Dr. Todres discusses the various factors that affect boundary lubrication, such as material properties, chemical reactivity, pressure, and temperature. The book describes conformational transformations and structural phase transitions of organic molecules and working materials that take place under mechanical forces, such as drilling, grinding, friction, and shearing, and shock-waves. Other key topics include mechanochromism, tribopolymerization, mechanical activation of organic reactions, and the peculiarities of catalytic effects in organic mechanochemistry.

Throughout the text, the author highlights novel technical applications of mechanochemical phenomena in a variety of fields, including lubrication, biomedical engineering, pharmaceutical drug formulation, environmental protection, and practical economy. Organic Mechanochemistry and Its Practical Applications reveals how mechanochemistry was inspired by principles in various disciplines to create innovative approaches for current challenges in these fields.

Table of Contents

SPECIFICITY OF ORGANIC REACTIVITY ON MECHANICAL ACTIVATION

Introduction

Subatomic Results of Mechanical Activation

General Grounds of Mechanically-Induced Organic Reactions

Relations between Organic Material Properties and Mechanical Effects

Conclusion

References

MECHANOCHROMISM OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Introduction

Mechanically-Induced Luminescence

Coloration as a Result of Radical Ion Generation on Milling

Bond-Breaking Mechanochromism

Spectral Changes as a Result of Mechanically-Induced Reorganization of Crystal Packing

Spectral Changes as a Result of Mechanically-Induced Structural Phase Transition

Conclusion

References

ORGANIC REACTIONS WITHIN LUBRICATING LAYERS

Introduction

Reactions of Lubricating Materials with Triboemitted Electrons

Boundary Lubrication and Chemisorption

Warming Effect on Lubricants upon Friction

 “Solvency” and Reactivity of Base Oils

Chemical Origins of Additive Synergism–Antagonism

Molecular Mechanisms of Dry-Sliding Lubrication

Conclusion

References

MECHANICALLY-INDUCED ORGANIC REACTIONS

Introduction

Mechanochemically-Initiated Polymerization, Depolymerization, and Mechanolysis

Representative Examples of Mechanically-Induced Organic Reactions

Mechanochemical Approaches to Fullerene Reactivity

Mechanically-Induced Reactions of Peptides and Proteins

Formation of Molecular Complexes

Mechanical Initiation of Intermolecular Electron Transfer and Intramolecular Electron Redistribution

Mechanically-Induced Conformational Transition of Organic Compounds

Conclusion

References

MECHANICALLY-INDUCED PHASE TRANSITION AND LAYER ARRANGEMENT

Introduction

Liquid Crystals

Polymers

Pressure-Induced Phase Transition

Conclusion

References

NANO- AND BIOLUBRICATION

Introduction

Antifriction and Antiwear Nanolayers

Biotribology

Conclusion

References

CONCLUDING REMARKS AND HORIZONS

Introduction

Mechanochromism and Information Recording

Lubricity Mechanism and Lubricant Design

Specific Synthetic Opportunities of Solvent-Free Reactions

Regularities in Mechanical Activation of Organic Reactions

Organic Mechanochemistry and Bioengineering

Examples of Innovations at the Border of Organic Mechanochemistry

References

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical