Organic Photovoltaics: Mechanisms, Materials, and Devices, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Organic Photovoltaics

Mechanisms, Materials, and Devices, 1st Edition

Edited by Sam-Shajing Sun, Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci

CRC Press

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pub: 2005-03-29
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Description

Recently developed organic photovoltaics (OPVs) show distinct advantages over their inorganic counterparts due to their lighter weight, flexible shape, versatile materials synthesis and device fabrication schemes, and low cost in large-scale industrial production. Although many books currently exist on general concepts of PV and inorganic PV materials and devices, few are available that offer a comprehensive overview of recently fast developing organic and polymeric PV materials and devices.

Organic Photovoltaics: Mechanisms, Materials, and Devices fills this gap. The book provides an international perspective on the latest research in this rapidly expanding field with contributions from top experts around the world.  It presents a unified approach comprising three sections: General Overviews; Mechanisms and Modeling; and Materials and Devices. Discussions include sunlight capture, exciton diffusion and dissociation, interface properties, charge recombination and migration, and a variety of currently developing OPV materials/devices. The book also includes two forewords: one by Nobel Laureate Dr. Alan J. Heeger, and the other by Drs. Aloysius Hepp and Sheila Bailey of NASA Glenn Research Center.

Organic Photovoltaics equips students, researchers, and engineers with knowledge of the mechanisms, materials, devices, and applications of OPVs necessary to develop cheaper, lighter, and cleaner renewable energy throughout the coming decades.

Reviews

“…Provides a superb and comprehensive perspective on the basic concepts and the latest research in this rapidly expanding field. It features 25 contributions written by top specialists from around the world. …[S]trongly recommend it to anyone with an interest in this area. …Excellent drawings, schemes, and graphs accompany the text.  …The unified and comprehensive—yet very accessible—coverage of the subject will appeal to students, researchers, and engineers active in the field. … I found Organizc Phovaltics an inspiring book.”

Réne Janssen, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands in Materialstoday Volume No. 9 Sept 2006

“… This text is therefore a timely contribution, and as a major work, containing 25 diverse chapters contributed by a total of 63 authors, it promises to play a prominent role in disseminating knowledge in the field. The most appropriate audience for the text will be researchers involved in organic photovoltaics, and also in related areas including dye-sensitized or hybrid solar cells, and organic/molecular-electronic materials in general. … this will be an essential text in the area of organic photovoltaics …. The format provides both a pedagogical overview that is of great value to the more general reader from the wider organic/molecular-electronic materials community, and in depth articles for the physics, chemistry, and engineering specialists working in the area.”

— Neil Robertson, School of Chemistry, University of Edinburg, UK, in Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 45/44, November 2006

Table of Contents

Foreword 1

Alan J. Heeger, Nobel Laureate, University of California at Santa Barbara

Foreword 2

Aloysius F. Hepp and Sheila G. Bailey, Photovoltaic and Space Environments Branch, NASA Glenn Research Center

Preface

Acknowledgements

Editors

Contributors

General Overviews

The Story of Solar Cells

J. Perlin

Inorganic Photovoltaic Materials and Devices: Past, Present, and Future

A.F. Hepp, S.G. Bailey, and R.P. Raffaelle

Natural Organic Photosynthetic Solar Energy Transduction

R.E. Blankenship

Solid-State Organic Photovoltaics: A Review of Molecular and Polymeric Devices

P.A. Lane and Z.H. Kafafi

Mechanisms and Modeling

Simulations of Optical Processes in Organic Photovoltaic Devices

N-K. Persson and O. Inganäs

Coulomb Forces in Excitonic Solar Cells

B.A. Gregg

Electronic Structure of Organic Photovoltaic Materials: Modeling of Exciton-Dissociation and Charge-Recombination Processes

J. Cornil, V. Lemaur, M.C. Steel, H. Dupin, A. Burquel, D. Beljonne, and J-L. Brédas

Optimization of Organic Solar Cells in Both Space and Energy–Time Domains

S-S. Sun and C.E. Bonner

Materials and Devices

Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells

H. Hoppe and N.S. Sariciftci

Organic Solar Cells Incorporating a p–i–n Junction and a p–n Homojunction

M. Hiramoto

Liquid-Crystal Approaches to Organic Photovoltaics

B. Kippelen, S. Yoo, J.A. Haddock, B. Domercq, S. Barlow, B. Minch, W. Xia, S.R. Marder, and N.R. Armstrong

Photovoltaic Cells Based on Nanoporous Titania Films Filled with Conjugated Polymers

K.M. Coakley and M.D. McGehee

Solar Cells Based on Cyanine and Polymethine Dyes

H. Tian and F. Meng

Semiconductor Quantum Dot Based Nanocomposite Solar Cells

M.H. Wu, A. Ueda, and R. Mu

Solar Cells Based on Composites of Donor Conjugated Polymers and Carbon Nanotubes

E. Kymakis and G.A.J. Amaratunga

Photovoltaic Devices Based on Polythiophene/C60

L.S. Roman

Alternating Fluorene Copolymer–Fullerene Blend Solar Cells

O. Inganäs, F. Zhang, X. Wang, A. Gadisa, N-K. Persson, M. Svensson, E. Perzon, W. Mammo, and M.R. Andersson

Solar Cells Based on Diblock Copolymers: A PPV Donor Block and a Fullerene Derivatized Acceptor Block

R.A. Segalman, C. Brochon, and G. Hadziioannou

Interface Electronic Structure and Organic Photovoltaic Devices

Y. Gao

The Influence of the Electrode Choice on the Performance of Organic Solar Cells

A.B. Djurisˇic´ and C.Y. Kwong

Conducting and Transparent Polymer Electrodes

F. Zhang and O. Inganäs

Progress in Optically Transparent Conducting Polymers

V. Seshadri and G.A. Sotzing

Optoelectronic Properties of Conjugated Polymer/Fullerene Binary Pairs with Variety of LUMO Level Differences

S. Sensfuss and M. Al-Ibrahim

Polymer–Fullerene Concentration Gradient Photovoltaic Devices by Thermally Controlled Interdiffusion

M. Drees, R.M. Davis, and R. Heflin

Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes for Organic Photovoltaic Devices

M.H-C. Jin and L. Dai

Index

About the Series

Optical Science and Engineering

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General