Organizational Behavior and Virtual Work : Concepts and Analytical Approaches book cover
1st Edition

Organizational Behavior and Virtual Work
Concepts and Analytical Approaches

ISBN 9781774635896
Published March 31, 2021 by Apple Academic Press
296 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

With the globalization of work and technological advancements in recent years, and with emphasis on service quality today, organizations have changed. Virtual work has emerged as the new employment relationship and has been embraced by employees and employers in many industries. This book explores the dynamics of changing organization structures, theories of leadership and trust, and how dimensions of self-efficacy works in this new work relationship. Organizational Behavior and Virtual Work: Concepts and Analytical Approaches shows the enormous impact of technology and globalization on employment relationships and also predicts how they will contribute to the changing dimensions of organizations in the future. With a unique blend of theory and application in the real world of virtual workers, the book presents the most recent research and developments in the relatively new and still emerging area of virtual work. It takes an in-depth critical look into the key factors affecting the virtual work environment with practical inputs of suggestions and recommendations.

With the objective of presenting information about this new work scenario, this book attempts to unfold important human behavior processes in organizations. The volume presents a rare combination of the necessary concepts of human behavior in organizations along with the results of research in the field and also makes practical recommendations on virtual work programs.

Key features include a unique blend of research with organizational behavior concepts and practical recommendations for workers, managers, and business executives.

Table of Contents


PART I: Introduction of Concepts


Traditional Organizations

Cultural Perspective

Elements of Organizations

Challenges of Organizational Design

Dimensions of Structure

Contemporary Organizational Designs

Challenges for Today’s Organizational Design

Organizational Life Cycle

Organizational Culture

Is It Possible to Change Corporate Culture?


How Do We Define Leadership?

Are Leaders Born or Made?

Leaders versus Managers

Qualities of Leaders

The Personality Profile of Effective Leaders

Leadership Attitudes

Ethics and Leadership

The Role of Leadership in Organization

Leadership Theories

Team in Organization

The Four Roles of Leadership

The Leadership Challenge

Guidelines for Leading Meetings

Activities of Successful and Effective Leaders

Goals, Values, and Concepts

Roles and Relationships

Determination of Effective Leadership: Various Dimensions

How Founders/Leaders Embed and Transmit Culture

Self Efficacy

Positive Organizational Behavior

Positive Psychology

Basic Social Learning Concepts



Types of Trust

Barriers to Building a Culture for Trust in Organizations

Leadership and Organizational Trust

Measuring Organizational Trust

How to Develop Trust in Organizations

Trust and Globalization

Work Life Balance


Work Life Balance Defined

Dual Career Families

Work Life Balance Initiatives

Demographic Factors

Organizational Factors

Studies on Work Life Balance

Women and Family

Globalization and Virtual Work


Emerging Trends in Employment Relationships

Diversity Issues

PART II: Research and Critical Analysis

Research on the Relation Between Leadership Effectiveness, Perceived Organizational Climate, Interpersonal Trust and Self Efficacy Among Virtual Workers In Different Organization: Introduction

Virtual Workers

Leadership Effectiveness

Self Efficacy


Job Involvement

Review of Literature

Studies of Organizational Climate

Studies of Leadership

Studies of Self Efficacy

Studies of Trust

Studies of Job Involvement

Research Design

Rationale of the Study




Research Design


Rationale of the Sample

Distribution of the Sample

Measures and Scoring Methods


Statistical Analysis



Summary and Conclusion

Limitations, Suggestions, and Implications


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Arvind K. Birdie, PhD, is an associate professor and acting principal at IIMT School of Management (Oxford Brooks University), Gurgaon, India. Dr. Birdie has been consistently recognized for her teaching abilities. As an avid reader, her strength lies in teaching various interdisciplinary subjects with equal ease. Besides academic teaching and training, she has organized management development programs for corporate and academicians. She is a regular presenter at various international and national conferences and has published several papers in refereed journals. Her areas of interest include leadership, work-life balance, virtual work, and positive psychology. She is taking post-graduate and graduate courses of management for over 12 years.

Madhu Jain, PhD, is presently associate professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India. She is also director of the Department of Life Long Learning, also at the University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India. She has been teaching and guiding postgraduate, graduate, and PhD students for over two decades and has supervised several research projects at the advanced level as well. Dr. Jain has published nearly 40 papers in scholarly national and international journals and also published four books in the area of psychology. Dr. Jain is associated with many national and international associations. As a student, she was a Gold Medalist and Merit Holder at the graduate and postgraduate level.


Apple Academic Press, Inc., is proud to announce that Dr. Arvind K. Birdie has been honored with the Prof. Mrs. Manju Thakur Memorial Award 2016 for Innovative Contributions in Research/Test Construction/Book Publication for her book, Organizational Behavior and Virtual Work: Concepts and Analytical Approaches. The award was presented during the 52nd National and 21st International Conference of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, held at the Department of Psychology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, February 23rd–25th, 2017. Our congratulations to Dr. Birdie!

"This book could not have come at a better time. Currently organizations globally are dealing with a dynamic business as well as a cultural environment that is redefining how organizations will structure and conduct themselves. The book focuses on all the quintessential aspects, like role of leadership, trust, self-efficacy and work-life balance, in an effective manner. A fantastic read for anyone trying to understand and innovate toward building a performance-oriented organization that draws the best from human resource and the IT enablers that are available to be deployed. Unlike other texts on the subject area the book brings a balance of theory and practice. Part 2 offers a critical analysis and presents research that connects practice with theory in a seamless manner. Chapters on work-life balance offer a critical view of this rather ignored aspect. The discussion on managing performance of virtual workers is an aspect that is going to become increasingly important to respond to. The book is a must read for a wide audience of readers, recommend folks to grab a copy in real earnest."

— Prof. Sandeep Munjal, Director, Vedatya Institute, Gurgaon, India