1st Edition

Organizational Network Analysis Auditing Intangible Resources

By Anna Ujwary-Gil Copyright 2020
    288 Pages
    by Routledge

    288 Pages
    by Routledge

    The integrated meta-model for organizational resource audit is a consistent and comprehensive instrument for auditing intangible resources and their relations and associations from the network perspective. This book undertakes a critically important problem of management sciences, poorly recognized in literature although determining the current and future competitiveness of enterprises, sectors and economies. The author notes the need to introduce a theoretical input, which is manifested by the meta-model. An expression of this treatment is the inclusion of the network as a structure of activities, further knowledge as an activity, and intangible assets as intellectual capital characterized by a structure of connections. The case study presented is an illustration of the use of network analysis tools and other instruments to identify not only the most important resources, tasks or actors, as well as their effectiveness, but also to connect the identified networks with each other. The author opens the field for applying her methodology, revealing the structural and dynamic features of the intangible resources of the organization. The novelty of the proposed meta-model shows the way to in-depth applications of network analysis techniques in an intra-organizational environment.

    Organizational Network Analysis makes a significant contribution to the development of management sciences, in terms of strategic management and more strictly resource approach to the company through structural definition of knowledge; application of the concept of improvement-oriented audit abandoning a narrow understanding of this technique in terms of compliance; reliable presentation of audits available in the literature; rigorous reasoning leading to the development of a meta-model; close linking of knowledge and resources with the strategy at the design stage of the developed audit model, including the analysis of link dynamics and networks together with an extensive metrics proposal; an interesting illustration of the application with the use of metrics, tables and charts. It will be of value to researchers, academics, managers, and students in the fields of strategic management, organizational studies, social network analysis in management, knowledge management, and auditing knowledge resources in organizations.

    List of Figures

    List of Tables




    1 Theoretical Foundations of Networks and Resource-Based Approaches in Organization Management

    1.1 Theoretical Approaches to Networks in the Organizational Context 

    1.1.1 Network Theory 

    1.1.2 Actor–Network Theory 

    1.1.3 Activity Theory 

    1.2 Social Network Analysis vs. Organizational Network Analysis—Toward the Dynamic Approach

    1.2.1 Social Network Analysis 

    1.2.2 Organizational Network Analysis 

    1.2.3 Dynamic Network Analysis 

    1.3 Resource-Based Theoretical Approaches in the Dynamic Perspective

    1.3.1 Resource-Based View

    1.3.2 Knowledge-Based View

    1.3.3 Intellectual Capital–Based View 

    2 Integrated Organizational Intangible Resource Audit as a Meta-Model of Information, Knowledge, and Intellectual Capital Audit

    2.1 The Nature of Intangible Resources

    2.1.1 The Static Approach to Information, Knowledge, and Intellectual Capital

    2.1.2 The Structural Approach to Information, Knowledge, and Intellectual Capital 

    2.1.3 The Dynamic Approach to Information, Knowledge, and Intellectual Capital

    2.2 Information Audit, Knowledge Audit, and Intellectual Capital Audit 

    2.2.1 Information Audit 

    2.2.2 Knowledge Audit 

    2.2.3 Intellectual Capital Audit

    2.3 Organizational Intangible Resource Audit 

    2.3.1 Intangible Resource Audit as a Meta-Model

    2.3.2 Network Metrics in Intangible Resource Audit

    2.3.3 Knowledge and Information Resource and Flow Mapping as an Essential Audit Tool

    3 Research Methodology

    3.1 Research Focus, Problems, Aims, and Assumptions 

    3.2 Research Organization and Discussion of Research Methods 

    3.2.1 Qualitative Research

    3.2.2 Quantitative Research

    3.2.3 Network Research 

    3.3 Presentation of the Selected Case Study and the Studied Population, Broken Down by Intangible Resource Audit Model Stages

    3.3.1 The Planning Stage of the Intangible Resource Audit in Connecto 

    3.3.2 The Design Stage of the Intangible Resource Audit in Connecto

    3.3.3 Operationalization Stage of the Intangible Resource Audit 

    3.4 Studied Population

    4 Organizational Intangible Resource Audit Findings—A Case Study

    4.1 Intangible Resource Audit Findings at the Network Level 

    4.2 Intangible Resource Audit Findings at the Dyad Level

    4.2.1 Having Knowledge and Skills

    4.2.2 Using Knowledge and Skills 

    4.3 Intangible Resource Audit Findings at the Node Level 

    4.4 Simulation of Node Position Changes in the Network 

    5 Discussion of Findings and Conclusions From the Intangible Resource Audit

    5.1 Organizational Intangible Resource Audit Methodology

    5.2 Exemplification of Organizational Intangible Resource Audit

    5.2.1 Network-Level Results 

    5.2.2 Findings at the Dyad Level 

    5.2.3 Findings at the Node Level 




    Anna Ujwary-Gil is a professor at the Institute of Economics, Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, Poland, where she is also a director of two MBA studies. She received her Ph.D. in economics and management from the Warsaw School of Economics, Poland. She is a founder and editor-in-chief of Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation. In 2010, her book “Kapitał intelektualny a wartość rynkowa przedsiębiorstwa” [Intellectual Capital and the Market Value of a Company] (CH.Beck) won the Polish Academy of Sciences monographs award. Among numerous projects, she was a project supervisor in the Sonata competition of the National Science Center, and an experienced researcher in the EU Marie Curie Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways programme. For more than 18 years, she has been the conference director and academic supervisor of annual academics' and business professionals' conferences held every June and is founder and president of the Cognitione Foundation for the Dissemination of Knowledge and Science. Her research interests include organizational network analysis, knowledge management, intellectual capital, resource-based views, and dynamic approaches to organization and management.

    "Anna has moved organizational network analysis beyond simple assessment of informal networks into the realm of high dimensional (meta-network) and dynamic network analytics. As such she is able to provide a sophisticated, usable, and practical approach to auditing intangible resources." –Dr. Kathleen M. Carley, Prof. of Societal Computing and Director of the Center for Computational Analysis of Social and Organizational Systems (CASOS) at Carnegie Mellon Univerisrty, Pittsburgh.

    "In this book, "Organizational Network Analysis: Auditing Intangible Resources" Anna goes far beyond the basic methodologies. She situates this approach by building on the theories that underlie team science and resource management. She empirical grounds this approach and builds relevance through numerous real-world examples.  In these examples she shows in detail how to apply dynamic meta-networks to real world organization and describes what new insights this application brings to our understanding of the organization at work. She helps the reader understand how network forces impact performance at all levels, and across humans and intangible resources." –Dr. Kathleen M. Carley, Prof. of Societal Computing and Director of the Center for Computational Analysis of Social and Organizational Systems (CASOS) at Carnegie Mellon Univerisrty, Pittsburgh.