1st Edition

Our Extractive Age Expressions of Violence and Resistance

Edited By Judith Shapiro, John-Andrew McNeish Copyright 2021
    280 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    280 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Our Extractive Age: Expressions of Violence and Resistance emphasizes how the spectrum of violence associated with natural resource extraction permeates contemporary collective life.

    Chronicling the increasing rates of brutal suppression of local environmental and labor activists in rural and urban sites of extraction, this volume also foregrounds related violence in areas we might not expect, such as infrastructural developments, protected areas for nature conservation, and even geoengineering in the name of carbon mitigation. Contributors argue that extractive violence is not an accident or side effect, but rather a core logic of the 21st Century planetary experience. Acknowledgement is made not only of the visible violence involved in the securitization of extractive enclaves, but also of the symbolic and structural violence that the governance, economics, and governmentality of extraction have produced. Extractive violence is shown not only to be a spectacular event, but an extended dynamic that can be silent, invisible, and gradual. The volume also recognizes that much of the new violence of extraction has become cloaked in the discourse of "green development," "green building," and efforts to mitigate the planetary environmental crisis through totalizing technologies. Ironically, green technologies and other contemporary efforts to tackle environmental ills often themselves depend on the continuance of social exploitation and the contaminating practices of non-renewable extraction. But as this volume shows, resistance is also as multi-scalar and heterogeneous as the violence it inspires.

    The book is essential reading for activists and for students and scholars of environmental politics, natural resource management, political ecology, sustainable development, and globalization.

    Introduction: The Violence of a Hyper-Extractive Age
    John-Andrew McNeish and Judith Shapiro

    Part One: Theorizing Violence in an Extractive Age

    1. Extraction and Extractivisms: Definitions and Concepts
    Francesco Durante, Markus Kröger, and William LaFleur

    2. The Politics of Violence in Extractivism: Space, Time, and Normativity
    Katharina Glaab and Kirsti Stuvøy

    3. Thresholds of Injustice: Challenging the Politics of Environmental Postponement
    Paul Wapner

    Part Two: Exacerbated Violence at the Local Level

    4. Empowerment or Imposition? Extractive Violence, Indigenous Peoples, and the Paradox of Prior Consultation
    Philippe Le Billon and Nicholas Middeldorp

    5. Leveraging Law and Life: Criminalization of Agrarian Movements and the Escazú Agreement
    Garrett Graddy-Lovelace

    6. Extraction and the Built Environment: Violence and Other Social Consequences of Construction
    Vicky Kiechel

    Part Three: New Ways of Thinking about Extraction

    7. Rethinking Extractivism on China’s Belt and Road: Food, Tourism, and Talent
    Yifei Li and Judith Shapiro

    8. Granting Rights to Rivers in Colombia:: Significance for ExtrACTIVISM and Governance
    Whitney Richardson and John-Andrew McNeish

    9. Extractivism at Your Fingertips
    Christopher W. Chagnon, Sophia E. Hagolani-Albov, and Saana Hokkanen

    10. Carbon Removal and the Dangers of Extractivism
    Simon Nicholson

    Part Four: Frontier Spaces

    11. Hyper-Extractivism and the Global Oil Assemblage: Visible and Invisible Networks in Frontier Spaces
    Michael J. Watts


    Judith Shapiro is Chair of the Global Environmental Policy Program at the School of International Service at American University, USA. She is author/editor of numerous books, including China Goes Green: Coercive Environmentalism for a Troubled Planet (2020, with Yifei Li) and China's Environmental Challenges (2016).

    John-Andrew McNeish is a Professor of International Environment and Development Studies at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway. He is the editor of multiple books, including most recently Contested Powers: The Politics of Energy and Development in Latin America (2015).

    "The discreet charm of capitalism conceals the violence, exclusion, and destruction perpetrated in the name of development. Skilfully and with verve, the analyses collected by Shapiro and McNeish cast a revealing light on the egregious unfairness of hyper-extraction and call on us to own up and act."Christian Lund, Head of Section for Global Development, University of Copenhagen

    "The book makes an innovative contribution to how extractivism is conceptualized. It has the potential to broaden the audience that typically consumes intellectual production on extractive conflicts. It will be of use not only to scholars and students concerned with resource-based conflicts in the global south and the violence associated, but also to other scholars studying, for example, infrastructure in the developed world or renewable energy projects. Overall, the book builds bridges among academics studying extractivist logics in the Global North and those focused on how extractivism operates in the Global South." — Marcela Torres Wong, Department of Political Science, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales sede México (FLASCO Mexico)

    "This book expands our understanding of extractive processes and provides valuable insights into how the extractive regime permeates into contemporary collective life and is embedded in expressions of violence. The questions that the book addresses are extremely relevant to what is going on in the world today."Malayna Raftopoulos-Chavarría, Department of Politics and Society, Aalborg University