Ozone Reaction Kinetics for Water and Wastewater Systems  book cover
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1st Edition

Ozone Reaction Kinetics for Water and Wastewater Systems




ISBN 9781566706292
Published December 29, 2003 by CRC Press
384 Pages 107 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Interest in ozonation for drinking water and wastewater treatment has soared in recent years due to ozone's potency as a disinfectant, and the increasing need to control disinfection byproducts that arise from the chlorination of water and wastewater.

Ozone Reaction Kinetics for Water and Wastewater Systems is a comprehensive reference that presents practical information to water treatment and wastewater treatment operators and researchers. It describes the application of kinetics to the effective evaluation, design, and implementation of ozone technology. This information will help plant operators determine whether or not ozone treatment is suitable for their facility, and help engineers and researchers design appropriate ozone treatment systems.

By presenting complete coverage of ozone kinetics in water and wastewater, this book provides researchers and practitioners with fundamentals of ozone kinetics as well as practical "how to" information.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Ozone in Nature
The Ozone Molecule

REACTIONS OF OZONE IN WATER
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Cycloaddition Reactions
Electrophilic Substitution Reactions
Necleophilic Reactions
Indirect Reactions of Ozone

KINETICS OF THE DIRECT OZONE REACTIONS
Homogenous Kinetecs
Heterogenous Kinetics

FUNDAMENTALS OF GAS-LIQUID REACTION KINETICS
Physical Absorption
Chemical Absorption

KINETIC REGIMES IN DIRECT OZONATION REACTIONS
Determination of Ozone Properties in Water
Kinetic Regimes of the Ozone Decomposition Reaction
Kinetic Regimes of Direct Ozonation Reactions
Changes of the Kinetic Regimes During Direct Ozonation Reactions
Comparison Between Absorption Theories in Ozonation Reactions

KINETCS OF THE OZONATION OF WASTEWATERS
Reactivity of Ozone in Wastewater
Critical Concentration of Wastewater
Characterization of Wastewater
Importance of pH in Wastewater Ozonation
Chemical Biological Processes
Kinetic Study of the Ozonation of Wastewaters

KINETICS OF INDIRECT REACTIONS OF OZONE IN WATER
Relative Importance of the Direct Ozone-B Reaction and the Ozone Decomposition Reaction
Relative Rates of the Oxidation of a Given Compound
Kinetic Parameters
Characterization of Natural Waters Regarding Ozone Reactivity

KINETICS OF THE OZONE/HYDROGEN PEROXIDE SYSTEM
The Kinetic Regime of the O3/H2O2 Process
Determination of Kinetic Parameters
The Ozone/Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of Volatile Compounds
The Competition of the Direct Reaction

KINETICS OF THE OZONE-UV RADIATION SYSTEM
Kinetics of the UV Radiation for the Removal of Contaminants from Water
Kinetics of the UV/H2O2 System
Comparison between the Kinetic Regimes of the Ozone-B and Ozone-UV Photolysis Reactions

HETEROGENEOUS CATALYTIC OZONATION
Fundamentals of Gas-Liquid-Solid Catalytic Reaction Kinetics
Kinetics of Heterogeneous Catalytic Ozone Decomposition in Water
Kinetics of Heterogeneous Catalytic Ozonation of Compounds in Water
Kinetics of Semiconductor Photocatalytic Processes

KINETIC MODELLING OF OZONE PROCESSES
Case of Slow Kinetic Regime of Ozone Absorption
Case of Fast Kinetic Regime of Ozone Absorption
Case of Intermediate or Moderate Kinetic Regime of Ozone Absorption
Time Regimes in Ozonation
Influence of the Type of Water and Gas Flows
Mathematical Models
Examples of Kinetic Modeling for Model Compounds
Kinetic Modeling of Wastewater Ozonation

Appendixes

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Reviews

"This book is a comprehensive reference for water treatment and wastewater treatment operators and researchers … . [The information provided] will help plant operators determine whether ozone treatment is suitable for their facilities and help engineers and researchers design appropriate ozone treatment systems."
- Journal of the American Water Works Association, March 2005