PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools presents various tools for diagnosing PEM fuel cells and stacks, including in situ and ex situ diagnostic tools, electrochemical techniques, and physical/chemical methods. The text outlines the principles, experimental implementation, data processing, and application of each technique, along with its capabilities and weaknesses.
The book covers many diagnostics employed in the characterization and determination of fuel cell performance. It discusses commonly used conventional tools, such as cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. It also examines special tools developed specifically for PEM fuel cells, including transparent cells, cathode discharge, and current mapping, as well as recent advanced tools for diagnosis, such as magnetic resonance imaging and atomic force microscopy. For clarity, the book splits these diagnostic methodologies into two parts—in situ and ex situ. To better understand the tools, PEM fuel cell testing is also discussed. Each self-contained chapter provides cross-references to other chapters.
Written by international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, this volume incorporates state-of-the-art technical advances in PEM fuel cell diagnosis. The diagnostic tools presented help readers to understand the physical and chemical phenomena involved in PEM fuel cells.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Xiao-Zi Yuan, Haijiang Wang, and Hui Li
In Situ Diagnostic Tools
PEM Fuel Cell Testing, Jonathan J. Martin
Polarization Curve, Dong-Yun Zhang, Xianxia Yuan, and Zi-Feng Ma
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, Norbert Wagner
Cyclic Voltammetry, Jinfeng Wu, Xiao-Zi Yuan, and Haijiang Wang
Linear Sweep Voltammetry, Shengsheng Zhang, Xiao-Zi Yuan, and Haijiang Wang
Current Interruption, Miguel A. Rubio, Alfonso Urquia, and Sebastian Dormido
Cathode Discharge, Herwig Robert Haas
Water Transfer Factor Measurement, Tak Cheung Yau, Pierre Sauriol, Xiaotao Bi, and Jürgen Stumper
Current Mapping, Dilip Natarajan and Trung Van Nguyen
Transparent Cell, Chun-Ying Hsu and Fang-Bor Weng
Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ziheng Zhang and Bruce J. Balcom
Neutron Imaging, Pierre Boillat and Günther G. Scherer
Ex Situ Diagnostic Tools
X-Ray Diffraction, Justin Roller
Scanning Electron Microscopy, Robert Alink and Dietmar Gerteisen
Transmission Electron Microscopy, Rui Lin, Junsheng Zheng, and Jian-Xin Ma
Infrared Imaging, Xiao-Zi Yuan, Shengsheng Zhang, Jinfeng Wu, and Haijiang Wang
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Andrea Haug, Renate Hiesgen, Mathias Schulze, and Günter Schiller
X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Mathias Schulze and Andrea Haug
Atomic Force Microscopy, Renate Hiesgen and K. Andreas Friedrich
Binary Gas Diffusion, Jun Shen
Gas Permeability of PEMs, Dmitri Bessarabov
Species Detection, Khalid Fatih
Rotating Disk Electrode/Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode, Xuan Cheng, Hengyi Li, and Qiaoming Zheng
Porosimetry and Characterization of the Capillary Properties of Gas Diffusion Media, Jeff T. Gostick, Michael W. Fowler, Mark D. Pritzker, and Marios A. Ioannidis
Haijiang Wang is a senior research officer, manager of multiprojects, and the core competency leader of the Unit Fuel Cell Team in the National Research Council Canada Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation (NRC-IFCI). He is also an adjunct professor at five universities, including the University of British Columbia and the University of Waterloo. With 25 years of experience in electrochemistry and fuel cell technology, Dr. Wang has published more than 100 journal and conference papers and has been issued three patents. His research focuses on novel fuel cell design and materials as well as fuel cell diagnosis and durability.
Xiao-Zi Yuan is a research officer and project leader of the Unit Fuel Cell Team in the National Research Council Canada Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation (NRC-IFCI). Dr. Yuan has published more than 80 journal and conference papers and holds five patents in China. Her research focuses on PEM fuel cell design, testing, diagnosis, and durability.
Hui Li is a research council officer and technical leader for the PEM Fuel Cell Failure Mode Analysis project and PEM Fuel Cell Contamination Consortium in the National Research Council Canada Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation (NRC-IFCI). Dr. Li has coauthored more than 30 journal papers and has technology licensed to the Mantra Energy Group. Her research focuses on PEM fuel cell contamination and durability testing, the preparation and development of electrochemical catalysts with long-term stability, catalyst layer/cathode structure, and catalyst layer characterization and electrochemical evaluation.