Pakistan at Seventy: A handbook on developments in economics, politics and society, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Pakistan at Seventy

A handbook on developments in economics, politics and society, 1st Edition

Edited by Shahid Javed Burki, Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury, Asad Ejaz Butt

Routledge

400 pages

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pub: 2019-03-20
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Description

This handbook examines Pakistan’s 70-year history from a number of different perspectives.

When Pakistan was born, it did not have a capital, a functioning government or a central

bank. The country lacked a skilled workforce. While the state was in the process of being

established, eight million Muslim refugees arrived from India, who had to be absorbed into a

population of 24 million people. However, within 15 years, Pakistan was the fastest growing

and transforming economy in the developing world, although the political evolution of the

country during this period was not equally successful. Pakistan has vast agricultural and

human resources, and its location promises trade, investment and other opportunities. Chapters in the volume, written by experts in the field, examine government and politics, economics,

foreign policy and environmental issues, as well as social aspects of Pakistan’s development,

including the media, technology, gender and education.

Shahid Javed Burki is an economist who has been a member of the faculty at Harvard University, USA, and Chief Economist, Planning and Development Department, Government of

the Punjab. He has also served as Minister of Finance in the Government of Pakistan, and has

written a number of books, and journal and newspaper articles. He joined the World Bank in

1974 as a senior economist and went on to serve in several senior positions. He was the (first)

Director of the China Department (1987–94) and served as the Regional Vice-President for

Latin America and the Caribbean during 1994–99. He is currently the Chair of the Board of

Directors of the Shahid Javed Burki Institute of Public Policy at NetSol (BIPP) in Lahore.

Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury is a career Bangladeshi diplomat and former Minister of Foreign

Affairs in the Government of Bangladesh (2007–08). He has a PhD in international relations

from the Australian National University, Canberra. He began his career as a member of the

civil service of Pakistan in 1969. Dr Chowdhury has held senior diplomatic positions in the

course of his career, including as Permanent Representative of Bangladesh to the United

Nations in New York (2001–07) and in Geneva (1996–2001), and was ambassador to Qatar,

Chile, Peru and the Vatican. He is currently a visiting senior research fellow at the Institute of

South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore.

Asad Ejaz Butt is the Director of the Burki Institute of Public Policy, Lahore, Pakistan.

Table of Contents

1 An overview Shahid Javed Burki; PART I Politics, theory and practice 2 The Pakistan story Shahid Javed Burki; 3 Unintended consequences: The long shadow of Partition on Pakistan and India Subrata K. Mitra; 4 Evolution of politics Shirin Tahir-Kheli; 5 Islam, society and politics in Pakistan Riaz Hassan; 6 Sustained political progress: The supportive role of the military Jehangir Karamat; 7 The media in Pakistan: Idiom, ideology and the army Khaled Ahmed; PART II Pakistan’s dependence on the outside world 8 Pakistan, power-play and a new South Asian paradigm Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury; 9 The making of foreign policy: Changing parameters Aziz Ahmad Khan; 10 Living in a rapidly changing world Shahid Javed Burki; 11 Defenders of the crescent: Pakistan-Saudi Arabia relations Farah Jan; 12 Adversarial peace: India–Pakistan nuclear rivalry Farah Jan; 13 A potential game changer: The China–Pakistan Economic Corridor Daud Ahmad; PART III Economic development and the importance of good governance 14 Macroeconomic achievements and challenges Masood Ahmed; 15 History of the development discourse in Pakistan Asad Ejaz Butt; 16 Recent economic developments and prospects Farrukh Iqbal; 17 Economic governance Ishrat Husain; 18 Praetorian bureaucratization of the political system and politicization of bureaucracy Shahid Najam Contents; PART IV Social underdevelopment 19 Getting technology to work for social development Ayub Ghauri; 20 Akhuwat: New microcredit stories Muhammad Saleem Ahmad Ranjha; 21 Private sector in education Shahid Kardar; 22 Educating and employing women Nasreen Kasuri; PART V Energy and the environment 23 The downward spiral of the quality of life in Pakistan: Is control possible, or even desired? Kulsum Ahmed; 24 Water problems and solutions Mahmood Ahmad; 25 Ways of solving the energy problem Ziad Alahdad; PART VI Conclusion 26 The last word Shahid Javed Burki; 27 Postscript Shahid Javed Burki and Asad Ejaz Butt

About the Editors

Shahid Javed Burki is an economist who has been a member of the faculty at Harvard University, USA, and Chief Economist, Planning and Development Department, Government of

the Punjab. He has also served as Minister of Finance in the Government of Pakistan, and has

written a number of books, and journal and newspaper articles. He joined the World Bank in

1974 as a senior economist and went on to serve in several senior positions. He was the (first)

Director of the China Department (1987–94) and served as the Regional Vice-President for

Latin America and the Caribbean during 1994–99. He is currently the Chair of the Board of

Directors of the Shahid Javed Burki Institute of Public Policy at NetSol (BIPP) in Lahore.

Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury is a career Bangladeshi diplomat and former Minister of Foreign

Affairs in the Government of Bangladesh (2007–08). He has a PhD in international relations

from the Australian National University, Canberra. He began his career as a member of the

civil service of Pakistan in 1969. Dr Chowdhury has held senior diplomatic positions in the

course of his career, including as Permanent Representative of Bangladesh to the United

Nations in New York (2001–07) and in Geneva (1996–2001), and was ambassador to Qatar,

Chile, Peru and the Vatican. He is currently a visiting senior research fellow at the Institute of

South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore.

Asad Ejaz Butt is the Director of the Burki Institute of Public Policy, Lahore, Pakistan

About the Series

Europa Perspectives: Emerging Economies

The Europa Emerging Economies series from Routledge, edited by Robert E. Looney, examines a wide range of contemporary economic, political, developmental and social issues as they affect emerging economies throughout the world. Complementing the Europa Regional Surveys of the World series and the Handbook of Emerging Economies, which was also edited by Professor Looney, the volumes in the Europa Emerging Economies series will be a valuable resource for academics, students, researchers, policy-makers, professionals, and anyone with an interest in issues regarding emerging economies in the wider context of current world affairs.

There will be individual volumes in the series which provide in-depth country studies, and others which examine issues and concepts; all are written or edited by specialists in their field. Volumes in the series are not constrained by any particular template, but may explore economic, political, governance, international relations, defence, or other issues in order to increase the understanding of emerging economies and their importance to the world economy.

Robert E. Looney is a Distinguished Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, who specializes in issues relating to economic development in the Middle East, East Asia, South Asia and Latin America. He has published over 20 books and 250 journal articles, and has worked widely as a consultant to national governments and international agencies.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS022000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Economic Conditions
BUS023000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Economic History
POL023000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Economic Conditions
POL040000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Government / General
POL054000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / World / Asian
REF000000
REFERENCE / General