Palaeobiogeography of Marine Fossil Invertebrates: Concepts and Methods, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Palaeobiogeography of Marine Fossil Invertebrates

Concepts and Methods, 1st Edition

By Fabrizio Cecca

CRC Press

286 pages

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Hardback: 9780415287890
pub: 2002-09-12
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Description

Sitting squarely at the interface between earth and life sciences, palaeobiogeographic information is scattered throughout many publications. Until now. Palaeobiogeography of Marine Fossil Invertebrates covers important theoretical concepts relating to palaeobiogeography together with descriptions of analytical methods.

Fabrizio Cecca discusses general biogeographical concepts and the factors influencing distributional patterns and provides case histories that illustrate the concepts covered. Cecca uses the palaeobiogeography of fossil organisms to generate hypotheses on continental drifting, past migration routes, palaeobiodiversity gradients, geographic barriers, palaeoclimatic and paleooceanographic conditions. He explores the biogeographical dimension of biodiversity through the analysis of existing latitudinal and longitudinal gradients of biodiversity and discusses the biodiversity/area relationship with particular reference to sea-level variations.

Much of the material in the book has been drawn from the author's personal research and experience in ammonites and the Mesozoic pelagic biotas. To avoid lack of balance, he includes carefully selected case histories based on other fossil groups and geologic periods. The book is primarily for students and researchers of geology and palaeontology who whish to gain an understanding of palaeobiogeography, but will also be of interest to marine biologists concerned with the biogeographic aspects of palaeontology and evolution.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Processes of Speciation and Biogeography

Biogeography: Neo-and Palaeobiography

The Aims of Palaeobiography

The Different Biogeographies

GENERAL BIOGEOGRAPHICAL CONCEPTS

The Main Distributional Patterns

The Three Main Categories of Biogeographical Processes

CLASSICAL THEORETICAL MODELS: DISPERSAL AND VARIANCE

Barriers and Filters

The Dispersal Model and the "Centre of Origin"

Panbiogeography

The Variance Model

Centres of Origin in Palaeobiogeography

BIOGEOGRAPHIC ANALYSES AND BIOGEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATION

Rationales

Limits and Constraints of Paleobiogeography

Definition of Biogeographic Units: Qualitative Criteria

Quantitative Criteria (Phenetics)

Are Biotic Provinces Objective?

ANALYTICAL METHODS OF HISTORICAL PALAEOBIOGEOGRAPHY

The Method of Cladistics Biogeography

Brook's Parsimony Analysis (BPA)

Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity (PAE)

Retrovicariance Biogeography

LARVAL BIOGEOGRAPHY

Types of Larval Development

Larval Development in Some Groups of Marine Invertebrates

Rates of Dispersion

Palaeocurrents

Larval Development and Evolutionary Implications

PALAEOBIODIVERSITY AND PALAEOBIOGEOGRAPHY

Biodiversity in Palaeontology

Communities and Guilds

Biogeographical Patterns of Biodiversity

Equilibrium Theory and Species-Area Relationships

Are Extinctions Related to Sea-Level Falls? The Biogeography of Mass Extinctions

Disturbance Events and Deviations from Specie-Area Predictions

PALAEOGEOGRAPHY AND PALAEOGEOGRAPHIC RECONSTRUCTIONS

Geological Assemblages

Marine Corridors and Routes

The Problem of the Terranes

Longitudinal Patterns: Newton's Model of Pantropical Faunas

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI027000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Evolution
SCI031000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geology
SCI039000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology