1st Edition

Pan-Caribbean Integration Beyond CARICOM

    312 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    312 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    A critical part of the history of regionalism in Latin America and the Caribbean is to be found in the widening of the economic and functional relationships among the English-speaking Caribbean to embrace other countries in the Greater Caribbean.

    Bringing together a range of international experts to explain the broad thrusts of CARICOM’s widening project and the opportunities and challenges it presents, the book pays particular attention to CARICOM’s relations with the French Caribbean territories. Providing a review of the pan-Caribbean landscape this volume notes the impact of these new relationships on internal CARICOM affairs; inter-regional/South-South cooperation; and political and legislative changes in European metropoles of the non-independent territories. It also contemplates recent developments in the region and globally, such as political instability in Brazil and Venezuela, Britain’s decision to leave the European Union and the policies of the Donald Trump administration.

    This edited collection will be an important resource for students and researchers in Latin American and Caribbean politics, economics, development, history and heritage.

    Part I: The Foundations of Pan-Caribbean Regionalism

    1 Pan-Caribbeanism and the CARICOM Widening Project

    Patsy Lewis, Terri-Ann Gilbert-Roberts, Jessica Byron

    2 Constructing the Greater Caribbean

    Norman Girvan

    3 Diaspora, Affective Ties, and the New Global Order: Caribbean Implications

    Percy Hintzen

    Part II: Confronting Boundaries of Formal Sovereignty

    4 Responses to the Sovereignty/Vulnerability/Development Dilemmas: Small Territories and Regional Organizations in the Caribbean

    Jessica Byron and Patsy Lewis

    5 The Stake of Admitting the French Caribbean Territory Authorities to CARICOM and the OECS

    Karine Galy

    6 A Deeper Regional Incorporation for the French Territories of the Americas: the shifting dynamics of French foreign policy

    Alexandra Petit

    7 The Insularisation of a regional university: The case of the former UAG

    Fred Reno

    Part III: Haiti and the Dominican Republic: Challenges to Integration

    8 Haiti-CARICOM relations: Between fascination and mistrust

    Sabine Manigat

    9 French or Creole: Which Second Language for CARICOM?

    Bernard Phipps

    10 Imaginary Narratives about Dominicanos of Haitian Descent: The Media Debates Around Sonia Pierre and Juliana Deguis

    Gloria Amezquita

    Part IV: Assessing Initiatives in Pan-Caribbean Regionalism

    11 Cuba’s Cooperation with CARICOM: From Grant Aid to Compensated Development Cooperation

    Milagros Martinez Reinosa

    12 Towards a New Latin American-Caribbean Regionalism of Solidarity

    Jose Piedras

    13 Opportunities for CARICOM in ALBA, PetroCaribe and CELAC

    Antonio Fidel Romero Gomez

    Part V: Global and Regional Trends: Implications for Pan-Caribbean Integration

    14 Far from Home but Close at Heart’: Preliminary Considerations on Regional Integration,

    Deterritorialization and the Caribbean Diaspora

    Alissa Trotz

    15 CARICOM and the Rising Powers: India, China and Brazil’s Growing South-South Cooperation in the Region Annita Montoute and Adriana Erthal Abdenur

    16 Confronting shifting economic and political terrains

    Patsy Lewis, Jessica Byron, Terri-Ann Gilbert-Roberts


    Patsy Lewis is Professor of Regional Integration and Small States Development at the University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. She is also Visiting Professor at the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University, USA. Her research has focused on CARICOM and the OECS as well as small states development. She is a graduate of Cambridge University (Mphil, PhD.) and the University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica (BA).

    Terri-Ann Gilbert-Roberts is a Research Fellow at the Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies (SALISES) at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona, Jamaica where she chairs the SALISES 50/50 Youth Research Cluster which supports evidence-based youth policies and programmes in the Caribbean. She is the author of The Politics of Integration: Caribbean Sovereignty Revisited, Ian Randle, 2013 and Editor of Youthscapes’ of Development in the Caribbean and Latin America, a 2014 Special Issue of the journal Social and Economic Studies (63:3&4). She was Commonwealth Academic Fellow at the Institute of the Americas, University College London in the 2016/2017 academic year.

    Jessica Byron is Professor of Caribbean International Relations and Diplomacy and Director of the Institute of the Institute of International Relations, UWI St Augustine Campus, Trinidad. She has published extensively on Caribbean-Latin American international relations and on small states and territories in the global political economy. Her latest publications include ‘Summitry in the Caribbean Community: A Fundamental Feature of Regional Governance’ in Summits and Regional Governance: The Americas in Comparative Perspective (Routledge) and ‘Martinique’s Accession to the OECS: A New Chapter in Caribbean Regionalism?’ in The Round Table (106 (3)).

    "The CARICOM plus approach in this publication provides a reflection on Caribbean nationalism, regionalism and identity in one comprehensive space. The timeliness of this collection underpins its relevance and its historical connectedness ensures that this publication will become the foundation for many future writings. The "vectors of connection" explored broaden the dialectic space that should keep scholars engaged for decades." - June Soomer, Secretary General of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS)

    "Caribbean integration processes have suffered major setbacks of late. This book, Pan-Caribbean Integration: Beyond CARICOM, offers a way out of the sterile attempts at state-led and top-down regional integration and suggests that such integration may be more productively driven by non-state and bottom up forces. A must read for anyone interested in reimagine the Caribbean’s future." - Professor W. Andy Knight, University of Alberta & Former Director, Institute of International Relations, UWI.