Pandemic Influenza: Emergency Planning and Community Preparedness, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Pandemic Influenza

Emergency Planning and Community Preparedness, 1st Edition

Edited by Jeffrey R. Ryan

CRC Press

280 pages | 51 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2008-08-01
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Description

The swine flu emergency needn’t become a crisis. This critically acclaimed work provides public health officials, doctors, responders, and emergency planners with accurate current information that will help them understand the nature of an outbreak, assess risk, answer public concerns, and develop informed strategies.

Devoid of sensationalism and agenda, this CRC Press resource provides all the information needed to understand pandemic influenzas including, avian, swine, and human variations and outlines the steps needed to develop and implement prevention, stabilization, and recovery efforts as needed at the local level.

"… an amazing resource … Dr. Ryan has assembled some of the best experts in the field to guide you in understanding the threat of pandemic influenza and how it can affect you and the people you are responsible for. …" --From the foreword by Lynn A. Slepski, Captain, United States Public Health Service

Make certain your response to Swine Flu is proactive and informed

Edited by Jeffrey Ryan, Institute for Emergency Preparedness, this volume —

  • Arms planners and responders with guidance from 13 leading experts
  • Takes lessons from past pandemics
  • Covers biological and clinical aspects of influenza
  • Discusses pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical measures
  • Details response actions related to communication, travel, and quarantine

While the swine flu outbreak has impacted Mexico; influenza has no respect for boundaries and is already being felt up north. Despite warnings from the World Health Organization, our preparedness continues to lag. Part of the problem is that the real action must occur at the local level. Triage, care, and containment, along with maintenance of infrastructure, are functions that must be carried out by local planners and responders.

The first section reviews the history of pandemics. The middle chapters examine the biology of a virus and clinical aspects of influenza. The final chapters examine international and federal programs and discuss response at the local level, including service continuation planning and fatality management.

Reviews

No one is immune to the potential devastation of a mass pandemic influenza outbreak, yet despite recent small outbreaks and dire warnings from the WHO that such an event is imminent and overdue, our readiness continues to lag. … This collection aims to introduce readers to the most critical global and domestic issues regarding a potential pandemic. Featuring the contributions of thirteen experts, the volume helps planners and responders with an understanding of outbreak containment and response planning, providing a detailed analysis of our present capabilities and potential weaknesses. The first section reviews the history of pandemics and discusses the deadly 1918 Spanish flu. The middle chapters examine the biology of the virus and the clinical aspects of influenza, with special attention given to avian flu. The final chapters examine international and federal programs and discuss response at the local level, including service continuation planning and fatality management. Public health and emergency preparedness professionals, as well as policymakers at all levels, will find a wealth of relevant information that will let them figure out their priorities and allocate the proper resources to mitigate the damages of a pandemic influenza.

Abstracts of Public Administration, Development, and Environment (APADE), Fall 2010

This helpful, concise volume covers all the basics of pandemic preparedness. Written by emergency management professionals (from agencies like the US Public Health Service, FEMA, and state health departments) who know the nuts and bolts of disaster response, it will be useful to a wide range of planners, whether they work in public services or are formulating business operations plans . . . The graphs, photos, glossaries, resource lists, and tables—on everything from the facilities involved in poultry population to vaccine priority groups to guidelines for certifying deaths and strong bodies—make this a hand manual for both emergency management professionals and laypeople.

—K.H. Jacobsen, George Mason University, in Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries, Vol. 46, No. 10, June 2009

… targeted primarily at public health planners involved in preparing community responses to the next influenza pandemic. However, this book also serves as a good reference to many aspects of pandemic influenza, providing a historical perspective as well as up-to-date information in the field of molecular virology. … a very interesting book that covers some of the less documented and less understood aspects of pandemic planning. For those planners who delve into the finer details, it will improve their ability to inform communities and businesses to “fight back” when the big one hits.

—Alex J. Elliot, Health Protection Agency West Midlands–Regional Surveillance Unit, Birmingham, UK, in CID, August 2009, Vol. 49

Table of Contents

Defining the Threat of Influenza

Past Pandemics and Their Outcome, J.R. Ryan, PhD

Disease Dynamics

The Black Death

Cholera

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Influenza Pandemics

Factors Contributing to a Pandemic

Conclusion

The Spanish Flu of 1918,L.M. Olson, EdD

The Genesis

The Second Wave 

The Unforgettable Outcome

Natural History of Influenza

Biology of the Virus, J.R. Ryan, PhD

Introduction

Types of Influenza Virus and Their Characteristics

Influenza at the Molecular Level

Genetic Mutation and Antigenic Variation

Pandemic Potentialities

Conclusion

Clinical Aspects of Influenza, A.W. Kirchner, MD

Introduction

Uncomplicated Seasonal Influenza

Differential Diagnosis

Common Complications of Influenza

Avian Influenza Infection in Humans:  Implications for the Coming Pandemic

Prevention of Influenza

Treatment of Influenza

Conclusion

Avian Influenza, J.C. Wright, DVM, PhD, K.E. Nusbaum, DVM, PhD, and J.G.W. Wenzel, DVM, PhD

Introduction

Influenza and Animal Health

Examples that Matter

Implications for Human Health

Containing the Contagion

Defining the Response

International, Federal Programs and Assets, J.T. Cash, PhD, RN, COI, CHS, MEP and M.G. Lavender, RN, MSN, DSN

Introduction

Federal Programs and Assets

National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza

HHS Pandemic Influenza Plan

Homeland Security Presidential Directive – 21

International Programs and Assets

Global Preparedness and Response

Summary

Defining the Response at the Local Level, J.R. Ryan, PhD and J.F. Glarum, EMT-P

Introduction

Pre-Incident Planning

Establishing Trigger Points

Pandemic Preparedness and Public Health

Nonpharmaceutical Measures

Risk Communications

Conclusion

Service Continuation Planning for Business, O. Grady-Erickson, BA

Introduction

Continuity Planning for Business

The Planning Cycle

Prioritization of Services

Development of a Pandemic Influenza Committee

Development of a Communications Plan

Human Resource Policies to be Implemented During a Pandemic

Conclusion

Fatality Management,L.J. Hardin, MFS and J.P. Ahrens, MPA

Introduction

Myths Surrounding Fatality Management

Facts Bearing on Fatality Management

Planning Considerations

Identifying Roles for a Mass Fatality Incident

Death Management Practices and Possible Surge Solutions

Conclusion

Epilogue: Putting it All Together,J.R. Ryan, PhD and J.F. Glarum, EMT-P

Introduction

Expectations and Responsibilities

Stakeholders

Conclusion

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED022090
MEDICAL / Infectious Diseases
SOC040000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Disasters & Disaster Relief
SOC057000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Disease & Health Issues