Paradoxes of War
On the Art of National Self-Entrapment
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Why do reasonable people lead their nations into the tremendously destructive traps of international conflict? Why do nations then deepen their involvement and make it harder to escape from these traps? In Paradoxes of War, originally published in 1990, Zeev Maoz addresses these and other paradoxical questions about the war process. Using a unique approach to the study of war, he demonstrates that wars may often break out because states wish to prevent them, and continue despite the desperate efforts of the combatants to end them.
Paradoxes of War is organized around the various stages of war. The first part discusses the causes of war, the second the management of war, and the third the short- and long-term implications of war. In each chapter Maoz explores a different paradox as a contradiction between reasonable expectations and the outcomes of motivated behaviour based on those expectations. He documents these paradoxes in twentieth century wars, including the Korean War, the Six Day War, and the Vietnam War. Maoz then invokes cognitive and rational choice theories to explain why these paradoxes arise. Paradoxes of War is essential reading for students and scholars of international politics, war and peace studies, international relations theory, and political science in general.
Table of Contents
Preface. 1. On Paradoxes and Wars Part 1: Paradoxical Causes of War 2. The Para Bellum Paradox 3. The Threat of Stability and the Stability of Threats: The Paradox of Successful Deterrence 4. Wars That Nobody and Everybody Tried to Prevent: The Paradox of Crisis Escalation Part 2: Paradoxes of War Management 5. The Paradox of Attrition 6. The Paradox of Surprise 7. The Ally’s Paradox Part 3: Paradoxical Consequences of War 8. The Paradox of Power and War Outcomes 9. Pyrrhic Victories, or Nothing Fails Like Success 10. Loser’s Paradoxes: The View from the Pit 11. Paradoxical Lessons from Paradoxical Wars. Bibliography. Name Index. Subject Index.