Parallel Computing Architectures and APIs: IoT Big Data Stream Processing, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Parallel Computing Architectures and APIs

IoT Big Data Stream Processing, 1st Edition

By Vivek Kale

Chapman and Hall/CRC

320 pages | 65 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138553910
pub: 2019-12-09
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Description

This book addresses the challenge of provisioning of parallel hardware and software enabling high-performance parallel processing in the context of requirements dictated by big data systems. It gives description of parallel programming techniques that are necessary for efficient programs for multicore processors and parallel cluster systems.

Table of Contents

1 Uniprocessor Computers

1.1 Type of Computers

1.2 Computer System

1.3 Hardware and software logical equivalence

1.4 Stack of Abstraction

1.5 Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)

1.6 Summary

2 Processor Physics and Moore’s Law

2.1 Speed of processing and Power Problem

2.2 Area, Delay and Power Consumption

2.3 Area, Latency and Power tradeoffs

2.4 Moore’s Law

2.5 Performance Wall

2.6 Summary

Section I Genesis of Parallel Computing

3 Processor Basics

3.1 Processor

3.2 Aspects of processor performance

3.3 Enhancing uniprocessor performance

3.4 Summary

4 Networking Basics

4.1 Network Principles

4.2 Types of Networks

4.3 Network Models

4.4 Interconnection Networks

4.4.1 Ethernet

4.4.2 Switches

4.5 Summary

5 Distributed Systems Basics

5.1 Distributed Systems

5.2 Distributed system benefits

5.3 Distributed Computation Systems

5.4 Summary

Section II Road to Parallel Computing

6 Parallel Systems

6.1 Flynn’s taxonomy for parallel computer architectures

6.2 Types of parallel computers

6.3 Characteristics of parallel systems

6.5 Summary

7 Parallel Computing Models

7.1 Shared Memory Models

7.2 Interconnection Network Models

7.3 Dataflow Model

7.4 Summary

8 Parallel Algorithms

8.1 Classes of Problems solvable through parallelization

8.2 Types of Parallelization

8.3 Granularity of Parallelization

8.4 Assigning computational tasks to processors

8.5 Illustrating design of a parallel algorithm

8.6 Parallel Algorithms for Conventional Computations

8.6.1 Parallel Prefix and Suffix Computations on a

Linked List

8.7 Parallel Algorithms for Unconventional Computations

8.8 Summary

Section III Parallel Computing Architectures

9 Parallel Computing Architecture Basics

9.1 High Performance Distributed Computing

9.2 Performance evaluation

9.3 Application and Architecture

9.4 Maximum performance computing approach

9.5 Parallel computing basics

9.6 Parallel computing paradigms

9.7 Summary

10 Shared-memory Architecture

10.1 Shared memory paradigm

10.2 Cache

10.3 Write policy

10.4 Cache coherency

10.5 Memory consistency

10.6 Summary

11 Messaging Passing Architecture

11.1 Message passing paradigm

11.2 Routing

11.3 Switching

11.4 Summary

12 Stream Processing Architecture

12.1 Data Flow Paradigm

12.2 Parallel Accelerators

12.3 Stream Processors

12.4 Summary

Section IV Parallel Computing APIs

13 Parallel Computing Programming Basics

13.1 Shared Memory Programming

13.2 Message Passing Programming

13.3 Stream Programming

13.4 Summary

Appendix 13A Functional Programming

Appendix 13B MapReduce

14 Shared-memory Parallel Programming with OpenMP

14.1 OpenMP

14.2 Overview of features

14.3 Additional feature details

14.4 Summary

15 Message Passing Parallel Programming with MPI

15.1 Introduction to MPI

15.2 Basic point-to-point communication routines

15.3 Basic MPI collective communication routines

15.4 Environment management routines

15.5 Point to point communication routines

15.6 Collective communication routines

15.7 Summary

16 Stream Processing Programming with CUDA, OpenCL 20

and OpenACC

16.1 CUDA

16.2 OpenCL

16.3 OpenACC

16.4 Summary

Section V IoT Big Data Stream Processing

17 Internet of Things Computing

17.1 Introduction to Internet of Things

17.2 RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)

17.3 Sensor Networks

17.4 Summary

Appendix 17A Internet of Things (IoT) in 5G Mobile

Technologies

Appendix 17B Edge and Fog Computing

18 Sensor Data Processing

18.1 Sensor Data-Gathering and Data-Dissemination

Mechanisms

18.2 Time Windows

18.3 Sensor Database

18.4 Data-Fusion Mechanisms

18.5 Data Fusion Techniques, Methods, and Algorithms

18.6 Data Fusion Architectures and Models

18.7 Summary

Appendix 18A Wireless Sensor Networks (WAN)

Anomalies

19 Big Data Computing

19.1 Introduction to Big Data

19.2 Tools, Techniques and Technologies of Big Data

19.3 NoSQL Databases

19.4 Aadhaar Project

19.5 Summary

Appendix 19A Compute-intensive Big Compute

versus data-intensive Big Data

20 Stream Processing

20.1 Big Data Stream Processing

20.2 Stream Processing System Implementations

1. TelegraphCQ

2. STREAM

3. Aurora

4. Borealis

5. IBM SYSTEM S AND IBM SPADE

1. Apache Storm

2. Yahoo! S4

3. Apache Samza

4. Apache Streaming

20.3 Summary

Appendix 20A Spark

Epilogue: Quantum Computing

Bibliography

Index

About the Author

Vivek Kale has more than two decades of professional IT experience during which he has handled and consulted on various aspects of enterprise-wide information modeling, enterprise architectures, business process re-design, and, e-business architectures. He has been Group CIO of Essar Group, the steel/oil & gas major of India, as well as, Raymond Ltd., the textile & apparel major of India. He is a seasoned practitioner in enhancing business agility through digital transformation of business models, enterprise architecture and business processes, and, enhancing IT-enabled enterprise intelligence (EQ). He has authored books on Cloud Computing and Big Data Computing. He is also author of Big Data Computing: A Guide for Business and Technology Managers(CRC Press, 2016), Agile Network Businesses: Collaboration, Coordination, and Competitive Advantage (CRC Press 2017), and, Digital Transformation of Enterprise Architecture (CRC Press 2020).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COM000000
COMPUTERS / General
COM012040
COMPUTERS / Programming / Games
COM032000
COMPUTERS / Information Technology
COM051010
COMPUTERS / Programming Languages / General