Parking and the City: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Parking and the City

1st Edition

By Donald Shoup


514 pages

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Donald Shoup brilliantly overcame the challenge of writing about parking without being boring in his iconoclastic 800-page book The High Cost of Free Parking. Easy to read and often entertaining, the book showed that city parking policies subsidize cars, encourage sprawl, degrade urban design, prohibit walkability, damage the economy, raise housing costs, and penalize people who cannot afford or choose not to own a car. Using careful analysis and creative thinking, Shoup recommended three parking reforms: (1) remove off-street parking requirements, (2) charge the right prices for on-street parking, and (3) spend the meter revenue to improve public services on the metered streets.

Parking and the City reports on the progress that cities have made in adopting these three reforms. The successful outcomes provide convincing evidence that Shoup’s policy proposals are not theoretical and idealistic but instead are practical and realistic. The good news about our decades of bad planning for parking is that the damage we have done will be far cheaper to repair than to ignore. The 51 chapters by 46 authors in Parking and the City show how reforming our misguided and wrongheaded parking policies can do a world of good.

Read more about parking benefit districts with a free download of Chapter 51 by copying the link below into your browser.


"This book is a well-crafted and appropriate follow-up to Shoup’s original theoretical bombshell, updating its content for a new political climate and policy sector receptiveness to parking reform relative to that of over 15 years prior… Shoup’s sustained energy for and embrace of the field suggest we are likely to see new drives to progress the work further. Certainly, Parking and the City symbolizes something of a ‘coming-of-age’ for progressive parking research, revealing how far 21st century attitudes to and frameworks of urban parking have transformed and how they now sit within a new political landscape." –Planning Theory and Practice, 2019, Vol. 20, No. 3, Review by Rebecca Clements

"In his landmark book, The High Cost of Free Parking, Donald Shoup, FAICP, argued that reducing subsidies for parking would reduce air pollution and traffic congestion as well as improve land use… In a follow-up book, Parking and the City, Shoup and 46 other contributors examined the results of these reforms in practice and found important benefits for cities, the economy, and the environment."

-American Planning Association

"In recognizing Shoup's decades-long work to improve transportation and land use by reforming cities' parking policies, the American Planning Association placed him among other well-known authors including Rachel Carson and Jane Jacobs."

-UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs

"Shoup's writing is as incisive and entertaining as ever. The imperative of parking reform—in a year of wildfires, floods, and transit systems choking on lack of revenue and riders—has never been clearer. Parking and the City is a perfect follow up to a classic work."


"For those who seek to manage and reform parking—and for urban planners, developers, transportation specialists, and policymakers—Parking and the City is an indispensable resource."

-Public Square: A CNU Journal

"Don Shoup has done more to revolutionize the way we think about parking than anybody on the planet. His latest book tells the story of the impact his ideas are having on the subject. It is a must read for anybody who cares about the future of our cities."

-Michael Dukakis, Distinguished Professor of Political Science, Northeastern University, USA

Table of Contents




Chapter 1. Truth in Transportation Planning

Donald Shoup

Chapter 2. People, Parking, and Cities

Michael Manville and Donald Shoup

Chapter 3. The High Cost of Parking Requirements

Donald Shoup

Chapter 4. The Unequal Burden of Parking Requirements

Donald Shoup

Chapter 5. Parking Mismanagement: An Rx for Congestion

Rachel Weinberger

Chapter 6. The United States of Parking

Seth Goodman

Chapter 7. The Fiscal and Travel Consequences of Parking Requirements

Chris McCahill, Norman Garrick, and Carol Atkinson-Palombo

Chapter 8. The Environmental Impacts of Parking Lots

Emma Kirkpatrick, Amélie Davis, and Brian Pijanowski

Chapter 9. Parking and Affordable Housing in San Francisco

Wenyu Jia and Martin Wachs

Chapter 10. The Unintended Consequences of New York City’s Parking Requirements

Simon McDonnell and Josiah Madar

Chapter 11. The High Cost of Bundled Parking

C.J. Gabbe and Gregory Pierce

Chapter 12. Parking Policy in Asian Cities

Paul Barter

Chapter 13. Parking Infrastructure and the Environment

Mikhail Chester, Arpad Horvath, and Samer Madanat

Chapter 14. The Parking Glut in Los Angeles

Andrew Fraser, Mikhail Chester, and Juan Matute

Chapter 15. Less Off-Street Parking, More Mexico City

Rodrigo Garcia Resendiz and Andres Sañudo Gavaldon

Chapter 16. From Parking Minimums to Parking Maximums in London

Zhan Guo

Chapter 17. Putting a Cap on Parking Requirements

Donald Shoup

Chapter 18. Parking Requirements and Housing Development

Michael Manville

Chapter 19. Parking Reforms Made Easy

Richard Willson

Chapter 20. Parking Management for Smart Growth

Richard Willson

Chapter 21. On-Street Parking Management vs. Off-Street Parking Requirements

Donald Shoup

Chapter 22. Abolishing Parking Requirements: A Guide for Practitioners

Patrick Siegman

Chapter 23. Buffalo Abandons Parking Requirements

Daniel Hess

Chapter 24. Solar Parking Requirements

Donald Shoup


Chapter 25. Cruising for Parking

Donald Shoup

Chapter 26. Free Parking or Free Markets

Donald Shoup

Chapter 27. Informal Parking on Sidewalks

Donald Shoup

Chapter 28. Progressive Parking Prices

Michael Klein

Chapter 29. Progressive Parking Fines

Donald Shoup

Chapter 30. Disabled Parking Abuse

Michael Manville and Jonathan Williams

Chapter 31. Ending the Abuse of Disabled Parking Placards

Donald Shoup

Chapter 32. Ending Disabled Placard Abuse at Parking Meters: The Two-Tier Solution

Donald Shoup and Fernando Torres-Gil

Chapter 33. Parking Charity

Donald Shoup

Chapter 34. Popular Parking Meters

Donald Shoup

Chapter 35. Parking Limits: Lessons from parking Demand Management in Berkeley

Elizabeth Deakin

Chapter 36. SFpark

Jay Primus

Chapter 37. SFpark: Pricing Parking by Demand

Gregory Pierce and Donald Shoup

Chapter 38. Did SFpark Work?

Michael Manville and Daniel Chatman

Chapter 39. Cruising for Parking: Lessons from SFpark

Adam Millard-Ball, Rachel Weinberger, and Robert Hampshire

Chapter 40. Optimizing the Use of Public Garages: Pricing Parking by Demand

Gregory Pierce, Hank Willson, and Donald Shoup

Chapter 41. LA Express Park

Peer Ghent

Chapter 42. The Politics and Economics of Parking on Campus

Donald Shoup

Chapter 43. Cashing Out Employer-Paid Parking

Donald Shoup


Chapter 44. Parking Matters in Old Pasadena

Douglas Kolozsvari and Donald Shoup

Chapter 45. Revitalizing a Downtown with Smart Parking Policies

Dan Zack

Chapter 46. Paid Parking and Free Wi-Fi in Ventura

Thomas Mericle

Chapter 47. A Parking Benefit District Grows in Houston

Maria Irshad

Chapter 48. The Benefits of Parking Benefit Districts in Austin

Leah Bojo

Chapter 49. Parking Benefit Districts in Mexico City

Rodrigo Garcia Resendiz and Andres Sañudo Gavaldon

Chapter 50. Parking Benefit Districts in Beijing

Donald Shoup, Quan Yuan, and Xin Jiang

Chapter 51. Parking Benefit Districts in Residential Neighborhoods

Donald Shoup


Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
ARCHITECTURE / Urban & Land Use Planning

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