1st Edition

Parliamentarism in Northern and East-Central Europe in the Long Eighteenth Century Volume I: Representative Institutions and Political Motivation

    372 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This volume investigates the history of the representative assemblies of Sweden (the riksdag), Poland (the sejm) and Hungary (the diaeta) in the final period of the ancien régime. It concentrates on the practices and ideas of parliamentarism and constitutionalism, and examines the ideologies that motivated the members of these parliaments. Attempts at the suppression as well as the restoration of the estates’ power in all these three countries are examined, as well as, in the case of Hungary, the establishment of popular representation that eventually replaced the estates. These three early modern representative assemblies have never before been explored systematically in a comparative framework.

    Introduction: parliamentarism in the age of absolutism

    István M. Szijártó with Wim Blockmans and László Kontler

    Comparing Representative Institutions: the historiography and the challenges

    Wim Blockmans

    Part I: Institutions and political machineries

    Chapter 1: The peasant estate of Sweden: its rise and early modern evolution

    Joakim Scherp

    Chapter 2: The ‘common good’ or the particularism of the nobility? The political system of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the first half of the eighteenth century

    Adam Perłakowski

    Chapter 3: Instruments of Conviction in the Political Culture of eighteenth-century Hungary

    András Forgó

    Chapter 4: The Estates in the middle: populist absolutism and constitutionalism in early modern Swedish politics

    Joakim Scherp

    Part II: Concepts and motivations

    Chapter 5: From confession to constitution: the motivation of the Hungarian political elite in the middle of the eighteenth century

    István M. Szijártó

    Chapter 6: Maria Theresa’s Monarchy: between inheritable merits and remunerable loyalty

    Olga Khavanova

    Chapter 7: Political ambition: The concept in Montesquieu and in his Hungarian reception, 1748–1848

    László Kontler

    Chapter 8: Domicilium libertatis or a threat to liberty? Eighteenth-century discussions on the role and place of the Sejm within the system of government of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

    Anna Grześkowiak-Krwawicz

    Part III: The eclipse, revival and transformation of estates’ politics

    Chapter 9: The growth of political instability and the royal coup in Sweden, c. 1760-1780

    Patrik Winton

    Chapter 10: Pragmatism triumphant: Hungary's political culture in the age of the French Revolution

    Orsolya Szakály

    Chapter 11: Role perception in the first modern Hungarian parliament, 1848–1849

    György Miru


    István M. Szijártó is a professor in the Department of Economic and Social History at Eötvös University, Hungary.

    Wim Blockmans is professor emeritus in Medieval History at the University of Leiden, Netherlands.

    László Kontler is a professor in the Department of History at the Central European University, Austria and Hungary.