Agricultural development research aims to generate new knowledge or to retrieve and apply existing forms of knowledge in ways that can be used to improve the welfare of people who are living in poverty or are otherwise excluded, for instance by gender-based discrimination. Its effective application therefore requires ongoing dialogue with and the strong engagement of men and women from poor marginal farming communities.
This book discusses opportunities afforded by effective knowledge pathways linking researchers and farmers, underpinned by participatory research and gender analysis. It sets out practices and debates in gender-sensitive participatory research and technology development, concentrating on the empirical issues of implementation, impact assessment, and institutionalisation of approaches for the wider development and research community. It includes six full-length chapters and eight brief practical notes and is enhanced by an annotated resources list of relevant publications, organisations, and websites adding to the portfolio of approaches and tools discussed by the contributors. Most of the 33 contributing authors work in the specialised agencies that form part of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).
This book was published as a special issue of Development in Practice.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Operationalising participatory research and gender analysis: new research and assessment approaches Nina Lilja and John Dixon 2. Some common questions about participatory research: a review of the literature Nina Lilja and Mauricio Bellon 3. The lost 1990s? Personal reflections on a history of participatory technology development Stephen Biggs 4. Impact assessment of farmer institutional development and agricultural change: Soroti district, Uganda Esbern Friis-Hansen 5. No more adoption rates! Looking for empowerment in agricultural development programmes Andrew Bartlett 6. Appraisal of methods to evaluate farmer field schools Francesca Mancini and Janice Jiggins 7. Engaging with cultural practices in ways that benefit women in northern Nigeria Annita Tipilda, Arega Alene, and Victor M. Manyong 8. Strategies for out-scaling participatory research approaches for sustaining agricultural research impacts Aden A. Aw-Hassan 9. Integrating participatory elements into conventional research projects: measuring the costs and benefits Andreas Neef PRACTICAL NOTES 10. Participatory research practice at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Nina Lilja and Mauricio Bellon 11. Making poverty mapping and monitoring participatory Li Xiaoyun and Joe Remenyi 12. Participatory risk assessment: a new approach for safer food in vulnerable African communities Delia Grace, Tom Randolph, Janice Olawoye, Morenike Dipelou, and Erastus Kang’ethe 13. Pro-poor values in agricultural research management: PETRRA experiences in practice Ahmad Salahuddin, Paul Van Mele, and Noel P. Magor 14. Operationalising participatory research and farmer-to-farmer extension: the Kamayoq in Peru Jon Hellin and John Dixon 15. Using community indicators for evaluating research and development programmes: experiences from Malawi Jemimah Njuki, Mariam Mapila, Susan Kaaria, and Tennyson Magombo 16. Participatory technology development in agricultural mechanisation in Nepal: how it happened and lessons learned Chanda Gurung Goodrich, Scott Justice, Stephen Biggs, and Ganesh Sah 17. Gender equity and social capital in smallholder farmer groups in central Mozambique Elisabeth Gotschi, Jemimah Njuki, and Robert Delve 18. Further Resources Guy Manners
Nina Lilja is Director of International Agricultural Programs in the College of Agriculture K-State Research and Extension, Kansas State University. At the time of acting as Guest Editor of the double issue on which this book is based, she was Impact Assessment Economist at the CGIAR Systemwide Program on Participatory Research and Gender Analysis for Technology Development and Institutional Innovation (PRGA Program) in Colombia.
John Dixon is Senior Advisor for the Cropping Systems and Economics (CSE) program and Regional Coordinator, South Asia, at the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). At the time of acting as Guest Editor, he was Director of Impacts Targeting and Assessment at the International Wheat and Maize Improvement Center (CIMMYT) in Mexico.
Deborah Eade is Editor-in-Chief of Development in Practice, Oxfam GB, France.