Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments

1st Edition

Edited by Nanthi Bolan, M.B. Kirkham, Claudia Halsband, Dayanthi Nugegoda, Yong Sik Ok

CRC Press

392 pages

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The manufacture of plastic as well as its indiscriminate disposal and destruction by incineration pollutes atmospheric, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystems. Synthetic plastics do not break down; they accumulate in the environment as macro-, micro-, and nano-plastics. These particulate plastics are a major source of pollutants in soil and marine ecosystems. Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments provides a fundamental understanding of the sources of these plastics and the threats they pose to the environment. The book demonstrates the ecotoxicity of particulate plastics using case studies and offers management practices to mitigate particulate-plastic contamination in the environment.


· Describes physical and chemical properties of particulate plastics in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

· Presents information on characteristics of particulate plastics as impacted by weathering processes.

· Provides numerous approaches to managing particulate-plastic contamination.

· Identifies sources of particulate plastics in the environment; distribution and characteristics of particulate plastics; and management strategies of particulate plastics.

Written by a global team of scientists, this book is for researchers in the fields of environmental safety and waste management or individuals interested in the impacts of particulate plastics on environmental health.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Sources of particulate plastics in the environment 1 Sources of particulate plastics in terrestrial ecosystems 2 Particulate plastics from agriculture 3 Polyacrylamide (PAM) as a source of particulate plastics in terrestrial environment 4 Analytical methods for particulate plastics in soil and water Part 2: Distribution and characteristics of particulate plastics 5 Chemistry and processing of plastics 6 Particulate plastics and natural organic matter interactions 7 Characteristics of particulate plastics in terrestrial ecosystems 8 Facilitated transport of particulate plastics through soil macropores as a mechanism for groundwater contamination 9 Microbial plastisphere: Microbial habitation of particulate plastics in terrestrial and aquatic environments 10 Aggregation behavior of particulate plastics and its implications Part 3: Ecotoxicity of particulate plastics 11 Environmentally toxic components of plastic manufacture 12 Particulate plastics as vectors of heavy metal(loid)s 13 Water relations and cadmium uptake of wheat grown in soil with particulate plastics 14 Particulate plastics as vectors of organic pollutants 15 Ecological impacts of particulate plastics in marine ecosystems 16 Sublethal responses to microplastic ingestion in invertebrates: towards a mechanistic understanding using energy flux 17 Particulate plastics and human health Part 4: Case studies of particulate plastics in the environment 18 Status of particulate marine plastics in Sri Lanka 19 Case studies of particulate plastics distribution and ecotoxicity-Japan 20 Particulate plastics distribution and ecotoxicity in marine ecosystems in Thailand and Southeast Asia 21 The current status of plastics - a New Zealand Perspective 22 Plastic food for fledgling short-tailed shearwaters (Ardenna tenuirostris): An Australian case study Part 5: Management of particulate plastics 23 Management of particulate plastic waste input to terrestrial and aquatic environment 24 Evaluation and mitigation of the environmental impact of synthetic microfibers 25 Bioplastics: a silver bullet to plastic pollution?

About the Editors

Professor N.S. Bolan

Professor N.S Bolan completed his PhD in Soil Science and Plant Nutrition at the University of Western Australia, and is currently working as a Professor of Environmental Science at the University of Newcastle. His teaching and research interests include agronomic value of manures, fertilisers and soil amendments, soil acidification, nutrient and carbon cycling, pesticide and metal pollutants interactions in soils, greenhouse gas emission, soil remediation, and waste and wastewater management.

Bolan is a Fellow of American Soil Science Society, American Society of Agronomy and New Zealand Soil Science Society, and was awarded the Communicator of the Year award by the New Zealand Institute of Agricultural Sciences. He has supervised more than 50 postgraduate students, and was awarded the Massey University Research Medal for excellence in postgraduate students’ supervision.

Bolan has published more than 400 book chapters and journal papers, and was awarded the M.L. Leamy Award by NZ Soil Science Society in recognition of the most meritorious contribution to soil science. He has served as the Associate Editor of Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology and Technical Editor of Journal of Environmental Quality. Bolan is one of the Web of Science Globally Highly Cited Researchers for 2018 and 2019.

Professor M.B. Kirkham

Professor M.B. Kirkham is University Distinguished Professor in the Department of Agronomy at Kansas State University and a graduate of Wellesley College (BA) and the University of Wisconsin, Madison (MS and PhD). Professor Kirkham’s research deals with water movement in the soil-plant atmosphere continuum, uptake of heavy metals by plants grown on contaminated soil, and effects of particulate plastics on soil-plant-water relations. Professor Kirkham has written three textbooks dealing with soil-plant-water relations and is the author or coauthor of more than 300 contributions to scientific publications and is on the editorial boards of 16 journals. Kirkham teaches each year a graduate class entitled “Plant-Water Relations.”

Kirkham is a Fellow of the American Society of Agronomy, the Crop Science Society of America, the Soil Science Society of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and has been elected honorary member of the International Union of Soil Sciences. Kirkham has received several awards, including, most recently, the International Soil Science Award from the Soil Science Society of America.

Dr. C. Halsband

Dr. C. Halsband is a marine ecologist with a joint PhD from the Universities of Paris (France) and Oldenburg (Germany). She is currently working as a senior scientist at Akvaplan-niva, a private research institute in Tromsø (Norway), where she leads the section Ecosystem Understanding with a focus on arctic environmental issues.

Her research interests include marine ecology, life histories and reproductive biology of zooplankton, in addition to impacts of environmental change on ecosystem function, including global warming, ocean acidification, and plastic pollution. She studies microplastic-biota interactions with a focus on experimental toxicity studies with microplastic spheres, fragments and fibers, as well as crumb rubber and associated contaminants.

Halsband has published >40 papers, co-supervised 5 PhD students and is a former EU Marie-Curie postdoctoral fellow. She is a member of ARCTOS (ARCTic marine ecOSystem research network), the World Association of Copepodologists (WAC), and a former founding member of APECS (the Association of Polar Early Career Scientists).

Professor D. Nugegoda

Professor D. Nugegoda is the Professor of Ecotoxicology at RMIT University and a lead researcher in the Aquatic Environmental Stress (AQUEST) Research Group. Her group has developed novel methods to assess monitor and evaluate the effect of toxicants and environmental stressors on aquatic organisms, and ecosystems. She has published >160 peer reviewed journal articles, 3 books, 5 book chapters and >30 reports to industry. She has graduated 24 PhD and 5 MSc research students and currently supervises 7 PhD candidates.

She served (2012-2014) on the Independent Expert Scientific Panel on Coal Seam Gas and Large Coal Mining; and the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) of Australia. She advises The New South Wales Environment Trust, the Australian Shipowners Association; the Research Councils of Hongkong, South Africa, Norway, France, Croatia and the Netherlands; and the OECD Validation Management Group for Ecotoxicity Tests (VMG-eco); In 2015 she served on the Scientific Reference Panel for Onshore Natural Gas and Water, Victoria, and the Science Panel for the Victorian Coastal Council. In 2017 she was invited by the Lead Scientist of Victoria to the Scientific Reference Group for Onshore Conventional Gas until 2020.

Professor Nugegoda was elected President of the Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Australasia 2011–2013. In 2014 she was awarded a visiting Professorship at Tianjin, Chengxian University, China; In 2009 a Visiting Professorship at the Helmholtz Research Centre for Environment and Health, Munich, Germany; and a visiting Research Fellowship at the Flinders University Research Centre for Coastal and Catchment Environments. In 2019 she was awarded the RMIT Vice-Chancellors Award for Research Impact.

Professor Yong Sik Ok

Dr. Ok is a full professor at and global research director of Korea University in Seoul, Korea. His academic background covers waste management, the bioavailability of emerging contaminants, and bioenergy and value-added products (such as biochar). Professor Ok also has experience in fundamental soil science and the remediation of various contaminants in soils and sediments. Together with graduate students and colleagues, Professor Ok has published over 700 research papers, 60 of which have been ranked as Web of Science ESI top papers (56 nominated as “highly cited papers” [HCPs] and 4 nominated as “hot papers”). He has been a Web of Science Highly Cited Researcher (HCR) since 2018. In 2019, he became the first Korean to be selected as an HCR in the field of Environment and Ecology. He maintains a worldwide professional network through his service as an Editor (former Co-Editor in Chief) of the Journal of Hazardous Materials, Co-Editor for Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, Associate Editor for Environmental Pollution and Bioresource Technology, and as a member of the editorial boards of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Chemical Engineering Journal, Chemosphere, and Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, along with several other top journals. Professor Ok has served in a number of positions worldwide including as honorary professor at the University of Queensland (Australia), visiting professor at Tsinghua University (China), adjunct professor at the University of Wuppertal (Germany), and guest professor at Ghent University (Belgium). He currently serves as Director of the Sustainable Waste Management Program for the Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU). He has served as chairman of numerous major conferences such as Engineering Sustainable Development, organized by the APRU and the Institute for Sustainability of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Ecology
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Zoology / General
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General