The manufacture of plastic as well as its indiscriminate disposal and destruction by incineration pollutes atmospheric, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystems. Synthetic plastics do not break down; they accumulate in the environment as macro-, micro-, and nano-plastics. These particulate plastics are a major source of pollutants in soil and marine ecosystems. Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments provides a fundamental understanding of the sources of these plastics and the threats they pose to the environment. The book demonstrates the ecotoxicity of particulate plastics using case studies and offers management practices to mitigate particulate-plastic contamination in the environment.
· Describes physical and chemical properties of particulate plastics in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
· Presents information on characteristics of particulate plastics as impacted by weathering processes.
· Provides numerous approaches to managing particulate-plastic contamination.
· Identifies sources of particulate plastics in the environment; distribution and characteristics of particulate plastics; and management strategies of particulate plastics.
Written by a global team of scientists, this book is for researchers in the fields of environmental safety and waste management or individuals interested in the impacts of particulate plastics on environmental health.
Part 1: Sources of particulate plastics in the environment 1 Sources of particulate plastics in terrestrial ecosystems 2 Particulate plastics from agriculture 3 Polyacrylamide (PAM) as a source of particulate plastics in terrestrial environment 4 Analytical methods for particulate plastics in soil and water Part 2: Distribution and characteristics of particulate plastics 5 Chemistry and processing of plastics 6 Particulate plastics and natural organic matter interactions 7 Characteristics of particulate plastics in terrestrial ecosystems 8 Facilitated transport of particulate plastics through soil macropores as a mechanism for groundwater contamination 9 Microbial plastisphere: Microbial habitation of particulate plastics in terrestrial and aquatic environments 10 Aggregation behavior of particulate plastics and its implications Part 3: Ecotoxicity of particulate plastics 11 Environmentally toxic components of plastic manufacture 12 Particulate plastics as vectors of heavy metal(loid)s 13 Water relations and cadmium uptake of wheat grown in soil with particulate plastics 14 Particulate plastics as vectors of organic pollutants 15 Ecological impacts of particulate plastics in marine ecosystems 16 Sublethal responses to microplastic ingestion in invertebrates: towards a mechanistic understanding using energy flux 17 Particulate plastics and human health Part 4: Case studies of particulate plastics in the environment 18 Status of particulate marine plastics in Sri Lanka 19 Case studies of particulate plastics distribution and ecotoxicity-Japan 20 Particulate plastics distribution and ecotoxicity in marine ecosystems in Thailand and Southeast Asia 21 The current status of plastics - a New Zealand Perspective 22 Plastic food for fledgling short-tailed shearwaters (Ardenna tenuirostris): An Australian case study Part 5: Management of particulate plastics 23 Management of particulate plastic waste input to terrestrial and aquatic environment 24 Evaluation and mitigation of the environmental impact of synthetic microfibers 25 Bioplastics: a silver bullet to plastic pollution?