Parties, Power and Policy-making From Higher Education to Multinationals in Post-Communist Societies
This book explains the conditions under which political parties in government were able to influence economic growth in post-communist European countries. It highlights higher education and international investment as the two essentially related areas that have been steered by governments.
The book illustrates how these countries have become reliant on multinational companies (MNCs), given their governments’ strategy to attract foreign capital, how political and economic factors are intertwined and how political parties in power can have a strong influence on the growth prospects of these economies. Furthermore, it illuminates the extent to which political parties use their space for manoeuvres when enacting policies and how they respond to their constituencies when doing so. It shows how structural conditions such as the dependence on MNCs influence policies, and how this pattern varies across Central and Eastern Europe. The book brings political parties back into the discussion on political economy and back into the analyses of welfare politics, varieties of capitalism, and democratic capitalism.
This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of comparative politics and comparative political economy, European policy-making, Central and Eastern Europe, trade, welfare and development, and higher education.
Introduction 1. Romania’s Dependent Market Economy: The Role of Higher Education in Setting up a Low-Skills Equilibrium Trap 2. Multinational Corporations and Higher Education: Some Hidden Dynamics 3. Higher Education Governance in Central and Eastern Europe: A perspective on Hungary and Poland 4. Low- and High-Skills Equilibria: What Role for the Government? Conclusion