Party Leaders and their Selection Rules in Western Europe
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This book analyses the determinants behind the openings in party leader selection rules (leaders' selectorate) in 10 Western European countries and more than 55 parties between the mid-1980s and the mid-2010s.
Presenting a novel and revealing theoretical and empirical framework, it tackles the impact of party change and the personalisation of politics, specifically using data coming from the first expert survey on the personalisation of politics in Western Europe; the PoPES. A quantitative analysis is paired with more in-depth explorations of two Italian parties (the Italian Communist Party - Democratic Party of the Left; the Northern League) and the (missed) opening of their leader selectorate. This book highlights the critical importance of studying party leader selection rules against the backdrop of allegedly declining parties and rising party leaders and concludes by placing its findings in a broader discussion about the future of Western European party leaders.
This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of political parties and party systems, leadership, political elites, elections, democracy, and more widely of Western European politics and comparative politics.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Two takes, two stories
1. Leaders and parties in Western Europe
2. Setting the ground: the opening of party leader selection rules
3. The internal and external factors
4. Explaining openings in party leader selection rules
5. The PCI-PDS: the strength of ideology
6. The Northern League: the consequences of intra-party divisions
Conclusions: New opportunities for leaders and parties?
Bruno Marino is a post-doctoral research fellow at the University of Bologna, Italy.