This book is concerned with the development of prevention policies and approaches that involve intervention 'early' in the lives of children, young people and their families, and explores new evidence that has been emerging from longitudinal and developmental prevention research. It addresses a number of key challenges, arguing that by broadening the research questions and exploring contributions from a wider range of disciplines our understanding of both the pathways into and out of crime and the type of interventions that might work will be greatly enhanced.
Introduction: Pathways and prevention: A difficult marriage? Alan France and Ross Homel Part One: Understanding Pathways Into and Out of Crime Introduction, Alan France and Ross Homel 1. Societal access routes and developmental pathways: putting social structure and young people's voice into the analysis of pathways into and out of crime, Alan France and Ross Homel 2. Taking the developmental pathways approach to understanding and preventing antisocial behaviour, Jeanette Lawrence 3. Adding social contexts to developmental analyses of crime prevention, Jacqueline Goodnow 4. Risk factors and pathways into and out of crime, misleading, misinterpreted or mythic? From generative metaphor to professional myth, Kaye Haw 5. Young people, pathways and crime: beyond risk factors, Hazel Kemshall, Louise Marsland, Thilo Boeck and Leigh Dunkerton 6. Social exclusion, youth transitions and criminal careers: five critical reflections on 'risk', Robert MacDonald 7. What mediates the macro-level effects of economic stress on crime? Don Weatherburn and Bronwyn Lind 8. Repeat sexual victimisation amongst an offender sample: implications for pathways and prevention, Paul Mazerolle, Margot Legosz, Elena Miceski and Jennifer Sanderson 9. A life-course perspective on bullying, Jacqueline Homel Part Two: Prevention Theory, Policy and Practice Introduction, Ross Homel and Alan France 10. Why early in life is not enough: timing and sustainability in early intervention and prevention, Alan Hayes 11. The pervasive impact of poverty on children: tackling family adversity and promoting child development through the Pathways to Prevention Project, Kate Freiberg, Ross Homel and Cherie Lamb 12. Research-practice-policy intersections in the Pathways to Prevention Project: reflections on theory and experience, Marie Leech, Caryn Anderson and Catherine Mahoney 13. Leisure as a context for youth development and delinquency prevention, Linda L. Caldwell and Edward A. Smith 14. The challenges of turning developmental theory into meaningful policy and practice, Rebecca Denning and Ross Homel 15. Quality of childcare and the impact on children's social skills in disadvantaged areas of Australia, Karin Ishimine and David Evans 16. Policies in the UK to promote the well being of children and young people, Gillian Pugh