Current territorial disputes between the Northeast Asian countries have stimulated a resurgence of bellicose nationalism, and threaten to upset recent efforts to achieve regional cooperation and economic integration in East Asia. Alongside this, debates over pre-1945 Japanese wartime atrocities, aggravated by still unresolved territorial disputes between Japan and its neighbours have triggered diplomatic conflicts in Japanese-South Korean relations, virulent anti-Japanese protests in China, and a dramatic increase of right-wing nationalism in Japan. Many have perceived these phenomena as inevitable corollaries, inasmuch as they regard the Northeast Asian countries as historically homogeneous and nationalistic states, and have begun to question the feasibility of the post-Cold War efforts to replace nationalism with a moderate version of civic solidarity.
This book contributes to the debates surrounding patriotism and nationalism in Northeast Asia, and investigates the feasibility of non-ethnocentric patriotism in countries across the region. In doing so, it highlights the differences between Asian and Western concepts of republican patriotism via theoretical discussions of the evolving discourses on nationalism, patriotism, democracy and civic solidarity. The chapters combine theoretical discussion with historical case studies such as modern state building in late Qing Dynasty; nineteenth century Japanese political thought; and the twentieth century Korean independence movement. In turn, the contributors explore the possibilities for republican patriotism in contemporary Northeast Asia, with a focus on the Chinese term minzu, and the possibilities it holds for an alternative configuration of national identity in the age of globalization; Maruyama Masao’s theories of nationalism in Japan; the National Security Law in South Korea, and the impact it has had on the country’s political culture; and the Taiwanese movement for self-governance.
Patriotism in East Asia will appeal to students and scholars of Asian politics, political theory, Asian history and peace studies, as well as to those interested in issues of nationalism.
Part I: Introduction 1. Patriotism in East Asian Context, Jun-Hyeok Kwak and Koichiro Matsuda Part II: General Overview 2. Patrotism, Diversity and Belonging, Duncan Ivison 3. Patrotism and Nationalism: ‘Republican Patriotism’ in the Northeast Asian Context, Jun-Hyeok Kwak Part III: Historical Enquiries 4. Nationalism or Republican Patriotism – Rethinking Nationalistic Ideas of the Late Qing Reformers, Qiang Li 5. "Patriotism" and ‘Nationality’ in the 19th Century Japanese Political Thought, Koichiro Matusda 6. Patriotism with Nationalism in the Early Modern Korea: Yi Kwangsu’s Colonial Collaboration, Jun-Hyeok Kwak Part IV: Reinterpreting Patriotism in East Asian Countries 7. Reconstructing China beyond Homogeneity: An Interdisciplinary View, Naran Bilik 8. An Alternative Idea of Nationalism in Postwar Japan: The case of Maruyama Masao, Hajime Inuzuka 9. Statist Nationalism and South Korea’s National Security Law, Danielle Chubb 10. In Pursuit of Equality and Liberty: Taiwan’s Indigenous Political Movement in the 1920s, Shi-chi Mike Lan
Political Theories in East Asian Context aims to shed light on the essential theoretical issues spanning East Asia by situating them within cross-cultural frameworks that attend both to the particularity of East Asia as well as the potentially universal patterns arising from East Asia’s current issues that can be studied for the global prosperity. It reconsiders issues like historical reconciliation, nationalism, multicultural coexistence, political leadership, republicanism, and regional integration, with a view to opening the discourse of particular issues to a wider theoretical horizon. Including intellectuals in the field of political science, history, ethnic studies, sociology, and regional studies, this interdisciplinary endeavor is a deliberative forum in which we can reflect on ethical problems facing East Asia in the global era.