This book critically examines peacebuilding, humanitarian intervention and peace operation practices and experiences in francophone spaces.
Francophone Africa as a specific space is relatively little studied in the peace and security literature, despite the fact that almost half of all peacekeepers are deployed or were deployed in this part of Africa during the last decade. It is an arena for intervention that deserves more serious attention, if only because it provides fertile ground for exploring the key questions raised in the peacekeeping and peacebuilding literature. For instance, in 2002 a French operation (Licorne) was launched and in 2003 a UN force was deployed in Côte d’Ivoire alongside the French force there.
Filling a gap in the current literature, Peace Operations in the Francophone World critically examines peacekeeping and peacebuilding practices in the francophone world, including but not limited to conflict prevention and resolution, security sector reform (SSR), francophone politics, and North–South relations. The book explores whether peace and security operations in francophone spaces have exceptional characteristics when compared with those carried out in other parts of the world and assesses whether an analysis of these operations in the francophone world can make a specific and original contribution to wider international debates about peacekeeping and peacebuilding.
This book will be of much interest to students of peacekeeping, peacebuilding, peace and conflict studies, African politics, security studies, and IR in general.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Is There a Specificity to Peace Operations in the Francophone World?, Bruno Charbonneau and Tony Chafer PART 1 – CONCEPTUAL AND POLICY ISSUES 1. Francophone Peacekeeping: Charting the Emergence of a New Problematique in Peace Operations, Marie-Joëlle Zahar, Lori-Anne Théroux-Bénoni and David Morin 2. Task-sharing and Peace Operations: The Role of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie, Frédéric Ramel 3. Making Sense of a Francophone Perspective on Peace Operations: Belgium as a Case of Minofrancophone State, Michel Liégeois 4. Peace operations and security sector reform (SSR) in Francophone Africa, Niagalé Bagayoko 5. The Problems of French-led Peace Operations in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa in the 21st Century, Tobias Koepf 6. France and European Union Peace Operations in Africa: a Francophone Space Exception?, Bastien Nivet PART 2 – CASE STUDIES 7. International Intervention in Côte d'Ivoire: the Changing Specificity of a Francophone Space, Bruno Charbonneau 8.The French Military Intervention in Mali: Not Exactly Françafrique but Definitely Post-Colonial, Isaline Bergamaschi 9. When Peacekeeping Meets French Realpolitik: The Implementation of Resolution 1778 in Chad, Cyril Fiorini 10. Improvising the Liberal Peace Model: a Postcolonial View on the Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haiti (MINUSTAH), Marta Fernández Moreno, Carlos Chagas Vianna Braga and Maíra Siman Gomes
Bruno Charbonneau is Associate Professor of Political Science at Laurentian University and Director of the Observatoire sur les missions de paix et opérations humanitaires at the Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada. He has written widely on the international politics of intervention in Francophone Africa.
Tony Chafer is Professor of Contemporary French Area Studies at the University of Portsmouth, UK, and Director of its Centre for European and International Studies Research. He has written widely on Franco-African relations in the colonial and post-colonial periods.