Britain and France were surprised at having to convince the US of the need to intervene in Libya in 2011. The French intervention in Mali in 2013 confirmed the picture; Washington will support European action, but only if and when Europe takes the initiative. Just as the focus of American strategy is shifting to Asia and the Pacific, vital interests in the European neighbourhood require resolute action. Autonomy is being forced upon Europe, but it is an autonomy constrained by a lack of means as, following the financial crisis, defence budgets across the EU member states are slashed. The ramifications of the Arab Spring and the crisis in Ukraine pose challenges of an enormous scale for the EU and its members. Peace Without Money, War Without Americans is the double challenge that European strategy-makers face. What can be expected from strategy at a European level? Can Europe cope?
'In a rapidly changing world, Europeans find themselves confronted by a number of direct and indirect challenges to their interests and threats to their security. In this call to arms, Sven Biscop argues that Europeans should be far more proactive in using the EU to confront these. To do so, he argues, the EU needs to adopt a more strategic approach to international politics. Whilst I do not necessarily agree with his argument, I very much enjoyed reading it, and would recommend that anyone interested in the EU’s role in world politics do likewise.' Anand Menon, King’s College London, UK ’Against the growing ranks of naysayers, quick to confine the EU to the rubbish heap of history, Sven Biscop offers a spirited, beautifully written and powerfully argued defence of Europe’s ability to find its own way in a world of power transition, to continue to promote its values, and to emerge as an autonomous strategic actor.’ Jolyon Howorth, Yale University, USA