1st Edition

Peace and Conflict Studies A Reader

Edited By Charles Webel, Jorgen Johansen Copyright 2012
    456 Pages
    by Routledge

    456 Pages
    by Routledge

    Peace and Conflict Studies: A Reader is a comprehensive and intensive introduction to the key works in this growing field.

    Presenting a range of theories, methodologies, and approaches to understanding peace and to transforming conflict, this edited volume contains both classic and cutting-edge contemporary analyses. The text is divided into six general sections:

    PART I: Peace Studies, Peace Education, and Peace

    PART II: Peace Theories and Peace Movements

    PART III: The Meanings and Nature of Conflict

    PART IV: Conflict Analysis, Transformation, and Prevention

    PART V: Nonviolent Action and Political Change.

    PART VI: Building Institutions and Cultures of Peace

    With an extensive introduction, as well as recommendations for further reading and questions for the classroom, Peace and Conflict Studies: A Reader will be essential reading for students, teachers, and practitioners of peace and conflict studies, and conflict resolution. It is also highly recommended for students of peace operations, peacebuilding, sociology, international security and IR in general.

    Introduction  PART I: PEACE STUDIES, PEACE EDUCATION, AND PEACE  A. What are Peace and Conflict Studies and Peace Education?  1. Shaping a Vision- The Nature of Peace and Conflict Studies Conrad Brunk  2. Four Major Challenges Facing Peace Education in Regions of Intractable Conflict Gavriel Salomon  B. What is Peace?  3. Peace in International Relations Oliver Richmond  4. 2011 Global Peace Index  5. Thinking Peace Charles Webel  6. Positive and Negative Peace Johan Galtung  PART II: PEACE THEORIES AND PEACE MOVEMENTS  A. Philosophical and Religious Contributions to Peace  7. Eternal Peace Immanuel Kant  8. Address to The Swedish Peace Congress in 1909 Leo Tolstoy  9. The Moral Equivalent of War William James  10. The Russell-Einstein Manifesto  11. A Human Approach to World Peace Dalai Lama  B. Peace and Social Justice Movements  12. PEACE: A History of Movements and Ideas David Cortright  13. Introduction, from Peace Movements in International Protest and World Politics since 1945 April Carter  14. From Protest to Cultural Creativity: Peace Movements Identified and Revisited Nigel Young  PART III: THE MEANINGS AND NATURE OF CONFLICT  A. What are Violence and Conflicts?  15. On Violence Hannah Arendt  16. Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development  17. World Health Organization (WHO): An Internationally Accepted Definition of Violence  18. WHO: Violence Prevention: The Evidence, Overview  B. The Reasons for Violent Conflicts and Terrorism  19. Letter to Sigmund Freud Albert Einstein  20. Why War? Sigmund Freud  21. UNESCO: Seville Statement on Violence  22. Psychological Contributions to Understanding Peace and Conflict Charles Wevel and Viera Sotakova  23. The Evil Scourge of Terrorism: Reality, Construction, Remedy Noam Chomsky  PART IV: CONFLICT ANALYSIS, TRANSFORMATION, AND PREVENTION  A. Conflict Dynamics, Resistance, and Democracy  24. Protagonist Strategies that help end Violence Louis Kriesberg and Gearoid Millar  25. Nonviolent Geopolitics; Rationality and Resistance Richard Falk  26. The United States and the Prospects for Democracy in Islamic Countries Steven Zunes  B. Reconcilliation  27. How do Post-Conflict Societies Deal with a Traumatic Past and Promote National Unity and Reconciliation? Andrew Rigby  C. Disarmament  28. Disarmament and Survival Marc Pilisuk  29. Overcoming War, The Importance of Constructive Alternatives Christine Schweitzer  V: NONVIOLENT ACTION AND POLITICAL CHANGE  A. Nonviolence as a Way of Life  30. Home Rule Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi  31. Pilgrimage to Nonviolence Martin Luther King, Jr  B. Nonviolence as a Political Tool  32. How Nonviolence Works Brian Martin  33. Excerpts from, From Dictatorship to Democracy Gene Sharp  34. Waves of Nonviolence and the New Revolutionary Movements Jørgen Johansen  VI: BUILDING INSTITUTIONS AND CULTURES OF PEACE  A. Peacekeeping, Peace-building, and Peacemaking  35. A Critique of Robust Peacekeeping in Contemporary Peace Operations Thierry Tardy  36. Social Entrepreneurs and Constructive Change: The Wisdom of Circumventing Conflict Ryszard Praskier, Andrej Nowak and Peter T. Coleman  37. Systems-Building before State-Building: On the Systemic Preconditions of State-Building Peter Halden  38. Gender and Peace: Towards a Gender-Inclusive, Holistic Perspective Tony Jenkins and Betty Reardon  B. From Cultures of Violence to Cultures of Sustainable Peace  39. Competing Discourses on Aggression and Peacefulness Majken Jul Sørensen  40. Gender, Conflict, and Social Capital; Bonding and Bridging in War in the former Yugoslavia Maja Korac  41. Peaceful Societies and Everyday Behaviour Elise Boulding


    Charles P. Webel has recently taught at the Honors College of the University of South Florida, the University of New York in Prague, and the University of California at Berkeley, where he received his PhD. He is the author/editor of six books, including Terror, Terrorism and the Human Condition (2005); the Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies (2007, co-edited with Johan Galtung), and Peace and Conflict Studies (2002, 2010, co-authored with David P. Barash).

    Jorgen Johansen has 30 years' experience as a consultant and trainer in conflict prevention and resolution. He is a lecturer at the Peace and Development Research Institute, Gothenburg University, and at Syracuse University, New York, USA.

    'This volume is a much needed contribution to the study of peace and conflict in the contemporary world. Wide-ranging, interdisciplinary and topical, it renders peace and conflict studies relevant beyond the immediate post-Cold war era into the twenty-first century.' - M.K. Flynn, University of the West of England, Bristol