Injuries cause more than half of all childhood deaths and a large proportion of pediatric trauma care is provided by non-pediatric specialists. This book provides an update of current practice, backed by evidence-based recommendations, in four sections: 1) Trauma systems for children, including epidemiology, organization of pediatric trauma care, disaster planning and systems for mass pediatric casualties and community injury prevention programs. 2) General principles of resuscitation and supportive care. 3) Specific injuries commonly seen in children, including from child abuse. 4) Rehabilitation, communication, long-term outcomes and performance improvement methods to monitor outcomes.
TRAUMA SYSTEMS FOR CHILDREN. Epidemiology of pediatric trauma. Organizing the community for pediatric trauma. Disaster planning and mass casualties. Organizing the hospital for pediatric trauma care. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF RESCUSCITATION AND SUPPORTIVE CARE. The ABCs of pediatric trauma. Clearance of the cervical spine in children. General principles of resuscitation and supportive care: Burns. Trauma from child abuse. Imaging the injured child. Transfusion therapy in injured children. Pediatric ICU management. Nutritional support for the pediatric trauma patient. Pediatric vascular trauma. Anesthesia for pediatric trauma. SPECIFIC INJURIES. Treatment of severe pediatric head injury: Evidence-based practice. Pediatric facial trauma. Pediatric thoracic trauma. Pediatric abdominal trauma. Pediatric genitourinary trauma. An overview of pediatric musculoskeletal trauma. Spine and pelvis trauma. Extremity trauma. Lower extremity fractures. Pediatric hand trauma. OUTCOMES. Rehabilitation of the child with injuries. Communication with families. Long-term outcomes in injured children.