The emergence of Islam has in recent years become a matter of heated debate, mainly because Islamic historiography is a battle-field of contradictory versions of the past. In this second collection of studies, several of which appear here for the first time, Michael Lecker distances himself from the clash of theories, concentrating instead on several basic issues. They all belong to the preparatory work that still remains to be done on the social and economic environment in which Islam emerged. The volume includes the following sections: Arabia on the Eve of Islam; Muhammad and his Companions; and Arabian Tribes in Pre- and Early Islamic Arabia. The third section includes much extended and fully-documented versions of nine Encyclopaedia of Islam articles dealing with Arabian tribes and tribal society.
Contents: Preface; Arabia on the Eve Of Islam: The levying of taxes for the Sassanians in pre-Islamic Medina (Yathrib); King Ibn Ubayy and the qussas; Was Arabian idol worship declining on the eve of Islam?; A pre-Islamic endowment deed in Arabic regarding al-Wahida in the Hijaz; The emigration of `Utba b. Abi Waqqas from Mecca to Medina. Muhammad And His Companions: Did the Quraysh conclude a treaty with the Ansar prior to the Hijra?; Were customs dues levied at the time of the Prophet Muhammad?; The Medinan wives of `Umar b. al-Khattab and his brother, Zayd; The estates of `Amr b. al-`As in Palestine: notes on a new Negev Arabic inscription; The preservation of Muhammad's letters. Arabian Tribes In Pre- and Early Islamic Arabia: Tribes in pre- and early Islamic Arabia: The Ridda; al-Namir ibn Qasit; Salul (Khuza`a); Salul (Hawazin); Sulaym; Taghlib; Tamim; Thaqif; `Udhra. Bibliography; Addenda and corrigenda; Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource.
For further information about contributing to the series please contact Michael Greenwood at Michael.Greenwood@informa.com