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Performance-Based Fire Engineering of Structures





ISBN 9780415557337
Published May 21, 2012 by CRC Press
394 Pages 217 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Major events—notably the Broadgate fire in London, New York’s World Trade Center collapse, and the Windsor Tower fire in Madrid—as well as the enlightening studies at the Cardington fire research project have given international prominence to performance-based structural fire engineering. As a result, structural fire engineering has increasingly attracted the interest not only of fire and structural engineers but also of researchers and students. And studies in recent years have generated a vast number of findings.

Performance-Based Fire Engineering of Structures summarizes the latest knowledge on performance-based approaches to structural fire engineering, enabling readers to critically assess research in the field. Whereas most recent books have been mainly concerned with dissemination of principles encapsulated in established codes of practice such as the Eurocodes, this work addresses in depth:

  • Global structural behaviour and modelling
  • Progressive collapse of structures in fire and the importance of connection robustness
  • The integrity of compartmentation in fire
  • Structural fire engineering under realistic fire conditions and its implications for material properties
  • The limitations of research results and design methods
  • The unexploited potential for advanced fire engineering design

This authoritative book draws on the work of internationally active researchers who were core members of the European Network project’s COST C26 working group on fire resistance. It helps readers develop a thorough understanding of how to use advanced fire engineering design to improve structural safety and reduce construction costs.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Fire Safety Engineering and the Role of Structural Fire Engineering
Introduction to fire engineering
Roles of structural fire resistance
The process of performance-based fire engineering of structures
Introduction to the book

Recent Major Structural Fire Events and Their Implications
Introduction
Broadgate fire, London, 1990
Cardington fire research programme, 1994–2003
World Trade Center collapses, 11 September 2001
Windsor Tower fire, Madrid, 12 February 2005
Summary and context of this book

Introduction to Enclosure Fire Dynamics
Introduction
Standard fires
Fires in small compartments
Fires in large compartments and travelling fires
Computer models of compartment fires

Heat Transfer
Introduction
Basics of heat transfer
Convective heat transfer coefficients
Radiant heat transfer coefficient
Some simplified solutions for heat transfer
Importance of using appropriate thermal properties of materials
Effects of thermal boundary conditions
Brief introduction to numerical analysis of heat transfer
Concluding remarks

Material Properties
Introduction
Structural materials
Fire protection materials
Concluding remarks

Element Structural Fire Resistance Design
Design principles
Concrete structures
Steel structures
Composite steel and concrete structures
Timber structures
Masonry structures
Aluminium structures
Fire resistance design worked examples

Global Modelling of Structures in Fire
Introduction
Nature of global structural behaviour in fire
Analytical methods for structures in fire
Practical modelling techniques

Steel and Composite Joints
Introduction
Typical joints at ambient temperature and in fire
Current design
Development of performance-based approaches

Integrity of Compartmentation
Introduction
Issues affecting internal walls
Design of slabs for integrity in fire

Robustness of Structures in Fire
Introduction
Causes of fire-induced disproportionate collapse
Design strategies
Catenary action
Requirements for connections
Other considerations
Summary

The Practical Application of Structural Fire Engineering for a Retail Development in the United Kingdom
Introduction
Methodology
Design fires
Acceptance criteria
Finite element analyses
Steel beam connections
Simplified methods
Comparison between Vulcan and simplified methods
Conclusions

References

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Author(s)

Biography

Yong Wang is Professor of Structural and Fire Engineering at the University of Manchester, UK, and is the author of Steel and Composite Structures: Behaviour and Design for Fire Safety, also published by Taylor & Francis.

Ian Burgess is Professor of Structural Engineering and former Head of the Department of Civil and Structural Engineering at the University of Sheffield, UK.

František Wald is a Professor and Head of the Department of Steel and Timber Structures at the Czech Technical University in Prague.

Martin Gillie is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Edinburgh, UK.

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