Performance-Based Fire Engineering of Structures: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Performance-Based Fire Engineering of Structures

1st Edition

By Yong Wang, Ian Burgess, František Wald, Martin Gillie

CRC Press

394 pages | 217 B/W Illus.

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Major events—notably the Broadgate fire in London, New York’s World Trade Center collapse, and the Windsor Tower fire in Madrid—as well as the enlightening studies at the Cardington fire research project have given international prominence to performance-based structural fire engineering. As a result, structural fire engineering has increasingly attracted the interest not only of fire and structural engineers but also of researchers and students. And studies in recent years have generated a vast number of findings.

Performance-Based Fire Engineering of Structures summarizes the latest knowledge on performance-based approaches to structural fire engineering, enabling readers to critically assess research in the field. Whereas most recent books have been mainly concerned with dissemination of principles encapsulated in established codes of practice such as the Eurocodes, this work addresses in depth:

  • Global structural behaviour and modelling
  • Progressive collapse of structures in fire and the importance of connection robustness
  • The integrity of compartmentation in fire
  • Structural fire engineering under realistic fire conditions and its implications for material properties
  • The limitations of research results and design methods
  • The unexploited potential for advanced fire engineering design

This authoritative book draws on the work of internationally active researchers who were core members of the European Network project’s COST C26 working group on fire resistance. It helps readers develop a thorough understanding of how to use advanced fire engineering design to improve structural safety and reduce construction costs.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Fire Safety Engineering and the Role of Structural Fire Engineering

Introduction to fire engineering

Roles of structural fire resistance

The process of performance-based fire engineering of structures

Introduction to the book

Recent Major Structural Fire Events and Their Implications


Broadgate fire, London, 1990

Cardington fire research programme, 1994–2003

World Trade Center collapses, 11 September 2001

Windsor Tower fire, Madrid, 12 February 2005

Summary and context of this book

Introduction to Enclosure Fire Dynamics


Standard fires

Fires in small compartments

Fires in large compartments and travelling fires

Computer models of compartment fires

Heat Transfer


Basics of heat transfer

Convective heat transfer coefficients

Radiant heat transfer coefficient

Some simplified solutions for heat transfer

Importance of using appropriate thermal properties of materials

Effects of thermal boundary conditions

Brief introduction to numerical analysis of heat transfer

Concluding remarks

Material Properties


Structural materials

Fire protection materials

Concluding remarks

Element Structural Fire Resistance Design

Design principles

Concrete structures

Steel structures

Composite steel and concrete structures

Timber structures

Masonry structures

Aluminium structures

Fire resistance design worked examples

Global Modelling of Structures in Fire


Nature of global structural behaviour in fire

Analytical methods for structures in fire

Practical modelling techniques

Steel and Composite Joints


Typical joints at ambient temperature and in fire

Current design

Development of performance-based approaches

Integrity of Compartmentation


Issues affecting internal walls

Design of slabs for integrity in fire

Robustness of Structures in Fire


Causes of fire-induced disproportionate collapse

Design strategies

Catenary action

Requirements for connections

Other considerations


The Practical Application of Structural Fire Engineering for a Retail Development in the United Kingdom



Design fires

Acceptance criteria

Finite element analyses

Steel beam connections

Simplified methods

Comparison between Vulcan and simplified methods



About the Authors

Yong Wang is Professor of Structural and Fire Engineering at the University of Manchester, UK, and is the author of Steel and Composite Structures: Behaviour and Design for Fire Safety, also published by Taylor & Francis.

Ian Burgess is Professor of Structural Engineering and former Head of the Department of Civil and Structural Engineering at the University of Sheffield, UK.

František Wald is a Professor and Head of the Department of Steel and Timber Structures at the Czech Technical University in Prague.

Martin Gillie is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Edinburgh, UK.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings: