Originally published in 1981, this volume presents the domain of personality as a fuzzy set that includes features previously identified with cognitive and social psychology. Few of the individual contributions are centrally concerned with individual differences and cross-situational stability, but these traditional themes certainly appear in several of the chapters. The remaining chapters deal with the general processes mediating the interaction between the person and the social environment, filling out the fuzzy set of personality psychology.
Part 1 seeks to locate contemporary trends in the cognitive psychology of personality against a backdrop of historical events. The chapters in Part 2 discuss some of the cognitive processes mediating social behaviour. Part 3 contains contributions concerned with the rules by which people make judgments about objects in the social world. The self, a dominant topic in personality theory and research, is treated extensively in Part 4. Although many of the chapters are explicitly concerned with the relations between cognition and action – after all, most human interaction takes the form of judgments and communication – the contributions in Part 5 make the links to overt behaviour. Finally, Part 6 offers two discussions of the previous contributions from the perspective of cognitive psychology.
Table of Contents
Preface. Part 1: Historical Perspective 1. Personality and Cognition: Something Borrowed, Something New? Walter Mischel Part 2: Cognitive Processes in Personality 2. A Cognitive-Social Approach to Personality Nancy Cantor 3. Goals and Schemata in Person Perception: Making Sense from the Stream of Behavior Claudia E. Cohen 4. Accessibility of Social Constructs: Information-Processing Consequences of Individual and Contextual Variability E. Tory Higgins and Gillian King 5. On Personality and Memory John F. Kihlstrom Part 3: Social Judgment 6. Social Stereotypes and Social Judgment Eugene Borgida, Anne Locksley and Nancy Brekke 7. Involvement, Expertise, and Schema Use: Evidence from Political Cognition Susan T. Fiske and Donald R. Kinder Part 4: The Self: Structure and Process 8. A Model of the Self as an Aspect of the Human Information Processing System T.B. Rogers 9. The Self as a Cognitive Prototype: An Application to Person Perception and Depression Nicholas A. Kuiper and Paul A. Derry 10. The Influence of Self-Schema on the Perception of Others Hazel Markus and Jeanne Smith 11. Considerations for a Theory of Self-Inference Processes Anne Locksley and Michael Lenauer Part 5: Personality in Social Interaction 12. Toward an Interaction-Centered Theory of Personality Michael Athay and John M. Darley 13. On the Influence of Individuals on Situations Mark Snyder Part 6: Discussion 14. General Discussion of Issues: Relationships Between Cognitive Psychology and the Psychology of Personality Sam Glucksberg 15. Cognition and Personality Michael I. Posner. Author Index. Subject Index.