The essays selected for this book, presented in chronological order, discuss various aspects of image-making technologies, geometrical knowledge and tools for architectural design, focusing in particular on two historical periods marked by comparable patterns of technological and cultural change. The first is the Renaissance; characterized by the rediscovery of linear perspectives and the simultaneous rise of new formats for architectural drawing and design on paper; the second, the contemporary rise of digital technologies and the simultaneous rise of virtual reality and computer-based design and manufacturing.
Many of the contributing authors explore the parallel between the invention of the perspectival paradigm in early-modern Europe and the recent development of digitized virtual reality. This issue in turn bears on the specific purposes of architectural design, where various representational tools and devices are used to visualize bi-dimensional aspects of objects that must be measured and eventually built in three-dimensional space.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Mario Carpo and Frédérique Lemerle 2. The Theory and Practice of Perspective in Vitruvius’ De Architectura Pierre Gros 3. Geometries of the ‘Phàntasma’ Bernard Cache 4. Computer Vision and Painters' Visions in Italian and Netherlandish Art of the Fifteenth Century Martin Kemp with Antonio Criminisi 5. Alberti's Media Lab Mario Carpo 6. Constructing Perspective in Sixteenth Century Nuremberg Jeanne Peiffer 7. Sebastiano Serlio Prospettico: Stages in his artistic itinerary during the 1520s Sabine Frommel 8. Sebastiano Serlio: Placing perspective at the service of architects Pietro Roccasecca 9. Sophisticated Geometry, Baroque Composition Philippe Potié 10. 'The Eye of the Sun': Galileo and Pietro Accolti on Orthographic Projection Filippo Camerota 11. Fortification and Military Perspective in Seventeenth Century France Emilie d'Orgeix 12. Pictorial versus Intellectual Representation: Teaching perspective to architectural students as the École des Beaux-Art in Paris (1824-1900) Alice Thomine 13. From Rationality to Utopia: Auguste Choisy and axonometric projection Thierry Mandoul 14. Project and Projections: Some advantages of the principle of opacity Daniel Estévez and Gérard Tiné 15. Architectural Embodiment: Prosthetics and parasites Georges Teyssot
Mario Carpo is Associate Professor at the School of Architecture of Paris-La-Villette.
Frédérique Lemerle-Pauwels is Director of Research at the Centre d’Études Supérieures de la Renaissance and University Francois-Rabelais in Tours, France.